Maciej Rataj

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Maciej Rataj
Rataj.jpg
Maciej Rataj
Acting President of the Republic of Poland
In office
15 May – 4 June 1926
Prime MinisterKazimierz Bartel
Preceded byStanisław Wojciechowski
Succeeded byIgnacy Mościcki
In office
16 December – 22 December 1922
Prime MinisterJulian Nowak
Władysław Sikorski
Preceded byGabriel Narutowicz
Succeeded byStanisław Wojciechowski
2nd Marshal of Sejm of the Republic of Poland
In office
23 November 1922 – 26 March 1928
PresidentJózef Piłsudski
(Chief of State)
Gabriel Narutowicz
Himself (acting)
Stanisław Wojciechowski
Himself (acting)
Ignacy Mościcki
Prime MinisterJulian Nowak, Władysław Sikorski, Wincenty Witos, Władysław Grabski, Aleksander Skrzyński, Wincenty Witos, Kazimierz Bartel, Józef Piłsudski
Preceded byWojciech Trąmpczyński
Succeeded byIgnacy Daszyński
Personal details
Born19 February 1884
Chłopy, near Lemberg, Austria-Hungary
Died21 June 1940(1940-06-21) (aged 56)
Palmiry, General Government
Resting placePalmiry
Political partyPolish People's Party "Piast"
Alma materUniversity of Lwów
OccupationPolitician

Maciej Rataj (19 February 1884 – 21 June 1940) was a Polish politician and writer.

Biography[edit]

Born in the village of Chłopy, near Lwów (now Lviv, Ukraine), on 19 February 1884, he attended a gymnasium in Lwów and studied classical linguistics at the University of Lwów. Upon the completion of his studies he became a gymnasium teacher first in Lwów, and later in Zamość. He became involved in politics after the Second Polish Republic gained independence following the First World War. He was a member of the Polish People's Party "Piast" political party, and, from 1931, a member of the People's Party. He became president of the Stronnictwo and the chief editor of the party's official paper, the 'Zielony Sztandar' in 1935. From 1919-30, and from 1934–35, he was a member of parliament for the Sejm (Polish Parliament), and from 1922-28 he was the Marshal of the Sejm. Between 1920–1921 he was the Minister of Religion and Public Education, and took part in work on the March Constitution.[citation needed]

He was President of Poland twice: first in December 1922, as Acting President of the Republic of Poland for one week, after the assassination of president Gabriel Narutowicz, and again in May 1926, following Józef Piłsudski's May Coup and the resignation of president Stanisław Wojciechowski. His second term lasted half of a month. On both occasions, he oversaw special election and appointed new governments. In December 1939 he was arrested by Nazi Germany and executed in Palmiry during the German AB-Aktion operation in Poland.[1]

Works[edit]

  • Pamiętniki (Memoirs) (1965)
  • Wskazania obywatelskie i polityczne: Wybór pism i przemówień z lat 1919–1938 (1987)
  • Maciej Rataj o parlamentaryzmie, państwie demokratycznym i sanacji (1998)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 April 2015. Retrieved 10 December 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Gabriel Narutowicz
Acting President of Poland
1922
Succeeded by
Stanisław Wojciechowski
Preceded by
Stanisław Wojciechowski
Acting President of Poland
1926
Succeeded by
Ignacy Mościcki