The Madagascar current is split into two currents – the North Madagascar Current and the East Madagascar Current. The south easterly trade winds, the South Equatorial Current and the South Indian Ocean flow westward when it reaches Madagascar’s east coast the flow splits into the North and South Madagascar Currents. Both currents redistribute mass and heat along the stream current system along Madagascar’s coast. The North Madagascar Current flows into the South Equatorial Current just North of Madagascar and is directed into the Mozambique Channel, this connects to the gyre’s equatorial currents into the Agulhas Current off the coast of Southeastern Africa.
The Northern Indian Ocean lies within a large anticyclonic supergyre, northern Madagascar lies between this gyre and a cyclonic gyre in the northern Indian Ocean. There are eddies that originate in the Mozambique Channel and in the southern region of Madagascar that can affect the timing of the ring formation of the retroflection of the Agulhas Current.
- Chen, Zhaohui, et al. "Seasonal Variation of the South Equatorial Current Bifurcation off Madagascar." Journal of Physical Oceanography 44.2 (2014): 618-631.
- Lutjeharms J.R.E., Wedepohl P.M., and Meeuwis J.M. "On the surface drift of the East Madagascar and Mozambique Currents." South African Journal of Science 96.3 (2000).
- Ali, Jason R., and Matthew Huber. "Mammalian biodiversity on Madagascar controlled by ocean currents." Nature 463.7281 (2010): 653-656.
- Ridderinkhof, W., et al. "Dipoles of the South East Madagascar Current." Geophysical Research Letters 40.3 (2013): 558-562.
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