Location of Madhepura district in Bihar
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Madhepura|
|• Vidhan Sabha constituencies||Alamnagar, Bihariganj, Singheshwar, Madhepura|
|• Total||1,787 km2 (690 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||53.78 per cent|
|• Sex ratio||914|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|Major highways||NH 106|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Economy
- 4 Sub-divisions
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Religious place
- 7 Government institutions and courts
- 8 Health services
- 9 Education
- 10 Transport
- 11 Media
- 12 Festivals
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Mithila first gained prominence after being settled by Indo-Aryan peoples who established the Mithila Kingdom (also called Kingdom of the Videhas). During the late Vedic period (c. 1100–500 BCE), Videha became one of the major political and cultural centers of South Asia, along with Kuru and Pañcāla. The kings of the Videha Kingdom were called Janakas. The Videha Kingdom was later incorporated into the Vajji confederacy, which had its capital in the city of Vaishali, which is also in Mithila. Madhepura district as it stands now was carved out of Saharsa district and got the status of revenue district on 9 May 1981. Prior to that, Madhepura was a sub-division under Bhagalpur district with effect from 3 September 1845. Subsequently, it was on 1 April 1954 that Saharsa district was carved out of Bhagalpur district.
Madhepura district occupies an area of 1,788 square kilometres (690 sq mi), comparatively equivalent to Russia's Bolshoy Shantar Island. Madhepura district is surrounded by Araria and Supaul district in the north, Khagaria and Bhagalpur district in the south, Purnia district in the east and Saharsa district in the West. It is situated in the Plains of River Koshi and located in the Northeastern part of Bihar at latitude between 25°. 34 to 26°.07' and longitude between 86° .19' to 87°.07'.
The district has 2 sub-divisions - Madhepura and Uda Kishunganj, 13 blocks, 13 police stations, 170 panchayats and 434 revenue villages. The total population of Madhepura, as per census of the year 2001 is 15,24,596 of which 7,96,272 are male and 7,29,324 are female. Literacy rate is 36.9% as against the national rate of 64.8% and state rate of 47%. The density of population is 859 per km2.
The maximum temperature of this district ranges from 35 to 45 degree Celsius and the minimum temperature varies from 7 to 9 degree Celsius. The average rain fall in this district is 1300mm.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Madhepura one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
An electric locomotive factory is being set up at Madhepura by the Indian Railways in JV with Alstom SA of France.
Madhepura district comprises the following Sub-Divisions:
- Uda Krishanganj
According to the 2011 census Madhepura district has a population of 2,001,762, roughly equal to the nation of Slovenia. This gives it a ranking of 232nd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,116 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,890/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 30.65%. Madhepura has a sex ratio of 914 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 53.78%.
- Singeshwar temple
Madhepura is also in the limelight for Singheshwar Temple that the Istha Linga of Lord Shiva established in it. The Barah Purana also refers to Singheshwar as Shringeshwar. Mahakavi Vidyapati also refers to it in his literature in the 14th century. The Valmiki Ramayana gives due reference of Rishi Shringa (Rishyasringa) Ashram. Lord Shiva has been imagined to be residing on the bank of his favourite and affectionate river Kosi in the epic Kumar Shambhavam written by Mahakavi Kalidas. As per another belief, Lord Vishnu himself established this linga. The present temple was erected by Kushan dynasty. In early survey, the temple is recorded in the name of one Bhanu Das. They say that a night's stay at Singheswar gives the fruit of the gift of thousand cows. Official Website of Singheshwartemple
- Dakini Sthan, Alamnagar Block
Baba Vishu Raut, Lowalagan. Chousa
Government institutions and courts
Governmental institutions in Madhepura include:
- Municipal Corporation
- Office of the Divisional Commissioner
- District Court, Madhepura
- Urban Improvement Trust (UIT)
Healthcare is provided by a combination of public and private-sector hospitals.
834 Govt. schools are imparting education in the districts. Bhupendra Narayan Mandal University is situated at the district headquarter, Madhepura and adding glory to the educational atmosphere of this district.
List of Educational Institutes
- B.N.Mandal University Mahepura
- Commerce College,
- Madhepura College,
- C.M.Sc College,
- R.P.M. College
- Jawahar Navodaya vidyalaya,
- Shiv Nandan Prasad Mandal High School,
- Rash Bihari High School
- Kiran Public School, Holy Cross, Holy angels, (Website)
- B R Oxford Residential Public School, Murligang Madhepura
- SAMIDHA GROUP
- Madhepura Public School
- K.P.College Murligang
- B.L.High School Murligang
- Parasmani High School Babu Babhni
- Govt. High School Amari Murliganj Madhepura
- M.M. High School Kumarkhand
- Project kanya High school Kumarkhand
- Durgapur, bhddhi, Manguwar
- Ved Vyas Inter College Amleshwar Nagar Madhepura
- Ved Vyas Degree College Amleshwar Nagar Madhepura
- St Williams Residential School, Karpuri Chowk, Madhepura
- Holy Cross Girls School, Shastri Nagar Madhepura
- Holy Cross School, N. H. 107 Chakla Chowk Madhepura
- Maya Vidya Niketan,Naya nagar,Madanpur, Madhepura
Madhepura is connected with road ways and railways.
- See the Block-wise transport Map here.
The district is connected with neighbouring districts and with nearby cities outside the state. National highway No.107 and National Highway No.106 passes through the district.
Daily buses carry passengers inter-state as well as within the city.
The district is linked with broad gauge Rail of North Eastern Railway. It is connected to Patna, Bihar. The Town is a halt for around 4 trains.
Nearest Airport is at 247 km in Patna.
The Radio Stations are following:
Shivratri is most celebrated festivals of Madhepura. Common Indian Festivals such as Holi, Diwali, Eid ul fitar, Eid ul zoha, Durga Puja, Vijayadashami, Saraswati puja and moharram are celebrated with great pomp and show in the city.
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- "Women Empowerment Through Panchayati Raj Institutions". p. 74. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
- Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, pages 13, 17 116–124, 141–143
- Witzel, M. (1989). "Tracing the Vedic dialects". In Caillat, C. (ed.). Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes. Paris: Fondation Hugot. pp. 141–143.
- Hemchandra, R. (1972). Political History of Ancient India. Calcutta: University of Calcutta.
- Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
Bolshoy Shantar Island 1,766km2
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural No 1 district in education No 1 wheat and rice production in Bihar Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
- In Bihar, PM Modi dedicates Madhepura electric loco factory to nation.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Slovenia 2,000,092 July 2011 est.
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue