Maewo

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Maewo
Maewo
Maewo
Location within Vanuatu
Location within Vanuatu
Coordinates: 15°10′S 168°10′E / 15.167°S 168.167°E / -15.167; 168.167Coordinates: 15°10′S 168°10′E / 15.167°S 168.167°E / -15.167; 168.167
Country Vanuatu
ProvincePenama Province
Area
 • Total269 km2 (104 sq mi)
Elevation
795 m (2,608 ft)
Population
 (2009)
 • Total3,569
 • Density13/km2 (34/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+11 (VUT)

Maewo (local pronunciation: [ŋʷaewo]; formerly Aurora Island) is an island in Vanuatu in Penama province, 105 km to the east of Espiritu Santo.

It is 47 km long, and 6 km wide, with an area of 269 km². Its highest point is 795 m above sea level. In 2009 the island had a population of almost 3,600.[1] Maewo is covered with dense vegetation: tropical forests in which banyan trees grow.

History[edit]

First recorded sighting of Maewo Island by Europeans was by the Spanish expedition of Pedro Fernández de Quirós at the end of April 1606.[2] They charted it as Aurora (The light of dawn in Spanish).

Geography[edit]

Maewo is the island with the highest rainfall in Vanuatu. The island is covered in green, lush vegetation. The heavy rainfall provides abundant fresh water and waterfalls. There are also hot springs in the centre of Maewo. The largest of these waterfalls is a series of cascades located near Maewo-Naone Airport on the north end of the island near the village of Naone. This series of cascades is commonly referred to as Big Wota.[citation needed]

The climate on Maevo is humid tropical. The average annual rainfall is about 3,500 mm of rain. There are two seasons in the year: the rainy season, which lasts from November to April, and the dry season, which lasts from May to October. The island is subject to frequent cyclones and earthquakes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2009 Census Summary release final Archived 2013-12-21 at the Wayback Machine - Government of Vanuatu
  2. ^ Brand, Donald D. The Pacific Basin: A History of its Geographical Explorations The American Geographical Society, New York, 1967, p.133.