Maine's 1st congressional district

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Maine's 1st congressional district
Maine US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
Maine's 1st congressional district – since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Chellie Pingree
DNorth Haven
Distribution
  • 49.44% urban
  • 50.56% rural
Population (2000)637,450
Median income$64,599[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+8[2]

Maine's 1st congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Maine. The geographically smaller of the two congressional districts in the state, the district covers the southern coastal area of the state. The district consists of all of Cumberland, Knox, Lincoln, Sagadahoc and York counties and most of Kennebec County. Located within the district are the cities of Portland, Augusta, Brunswick and Saco.

The district is currently represented by Democrat Chellie Pingree.

History[edit]

Maine was initially a part of the state of Massachusetts. Massachusetts was allocated 20 districts after the 1810 U.S. Census. When Maine became a state in 1820, seven of those districts were credited to it. Since then, all but the 1st and 2nd Congressional Districts have become obsolete.

Current composition[edit]

Maine's 1st Congressional District consists of:

List of members representing the district[edit]

Member Party Residence Years ↑ Cong
ress
Electoral history District location
Joseph Dane Federalist Kennebunk March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
17th Redistricted from the at-large district and re-elected in 1820.
Retired.
1821–1823
York County: Alfred, Arundel, Berwick, Biddeford, Elliot, Hollis, Kennebunk, Kittery, Lebanon, Limerick, Lyman, Newfield, Saco, Sanford, Shapleigh, South Berwick, Waterborough, Wells, York
William Burleigh Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican South Berwick March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th
19th
20th
Elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
Died.
1823–1833
York County: Alfred, Berwick, Biddeford, Buxton, Elliot, Hollis, Kennebunk, Kennebunk Port, Kittery, Lebanon, Limerick, Lyman, Newfield, Parsonsfield, Saco, Sanford, Shapleigh, South Berwick, Waterborough, Wells, York
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Adams March 4, 1827 –
July 2, 1827
Vacant July 2, 1827 –
September 10, 1827
20th
Rufus McIntire Jacksonian Parsonsfield September 10, 1827 –
March 3, 1835
20th
21st
22nd
23rd
Elected to finish Burleigh's term.
[Data unknown/missing.]
1833–1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
JohnFairfield.jpg
John Fairfield
Democratic Saco March 4, 1835 –
December 24, 1838
24th
25th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned when elected Governor of Maine
Vacant December 24, 1838 –
March 3, 1839
25th
NClifford.jpg
Nathan Clifford
Democratic Newfield March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
26th
27th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Joshua Herrick Democratic Brunswick March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th [Data unknown/missing.] 1843–1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Fairfield Scamman Democratic Wells March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
29th [Data unknown/missing.]
David Hammons Democratic Cornish March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
30th [Data unknown/missing.]
Elbridge Gerry (Maine Congressman).jpg
Elbridge Gerry
Democratic Waterford March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
31st [Data unknown/missing.]
Moses Macdonald Democratic Limerick March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1855
32nd
33rd
[Data unknown/missing.]
1853–1863
[Data unknown/missing.]
John M. Wood Republican Portland March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1859
34th
35th
[Data unknown/missing.]
DanielESomes.jpg
Daniel E. Somes
Republican Biddeford March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
36th [Data unknown/missing.]
John Noble Goodwin.jpg
John N. Goodwin
Republican South Berwick March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lorenzo De Medici Sweat (Maine Congressman).jpg
Lorenzo De Medici Sweat
Democratic Parsonsfield March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
38th [Data unknown/missing.] 1863–1873
[Data unknown/missing.]
JLynch.jpg
John Lynch
Republican Portland March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1873
39th
40th
41st
42nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
JHBurleigh2.jpg
John H. Burleigh
Republican South Berwick March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1877
43rd
44th
[Data unknown/missing.] 1873–1883
[Data unknown/missing.]
Thomas Brackett Reed - Brady-Handy.jpg
Thomas Brackett Reed
Republican Portland March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1883
45th
46th
47th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the at-large district.
At-large districts used. March 3, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
48th
Thomas Brackett Reed - Brady-Handy.jpg
Thomas Brackett Reed
Republican Portland March 4, 1885 –
September 4, 1899
49th
50th
51st
52nd
53rd
54th
55th
56th
Redistricted from the at-large district.
Resigned.
1885–1893
[Data unknown/missing.]
1893–1903
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant September 4, 1899 –
November 6, 1899
56th
Amos L. Allen (Maine Congressman).jpg
Amos L. Allen
Republican Waterboro November 6, 1899 –
March 3, 1911
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
[Data unknown/missing.]
1903–1913
[Data unknown/missing.]
Asher Crosby Hinds, 1910.png
Asher C. Hinds
Republican Benton March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1917
62nd
63rd
64th
[Data unknown/missing.]
1913–1933
[Data unknown/missing.]
LouisBGoodall.jpg
Louis B. Goodall
Republican Sanford March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1921
65th
66th
[Data unknown/missing.]
CarrollLBeedy.jpg
Carroll L. Beedy
Republican Phillips March 4, 1921 –
January 3, 1935
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
[Data unknown/missing.]
1933–1943
[Data unknown/missing.]
Simon M. Hamlin (Maine Congressman).jpg
Simon M. Hamlin
Democratic Standish January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1937
74th [Data unknown/missing.]
James C. Oliver (Maine Congressman).jpg
James C. Oliver
Republican South Portland January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1943
75th
76th
77th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Robert S. Hale (Maine Congressman).jpg
Robert Hale
Republican Portland January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1959
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
[Data unknown/missing.] 1943–1953
[Data unknown/missing.]
1953–1963
[Data unknown/missing.]
James C. Oliver (Maine Congressman).jpg
James C. Oliver
Democratic South Portland January 3, 1959 –
January 3, 1961
86th [Data unknown/missing.]
Peter A. Garland (Maine Congressman).jpg
Peter Garland
Republican Saco January 3, 1961 –
January 3, 1963
87th [Data unknown/missing.]
Stanley R. Tupper (Maine Congressman).jpg
Stanley R. Tupper
Republican Boothbay Harbor January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1967
88th
89th
Redistricted from the 2nd district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
1963–1973
[Data unknown/missing.]
Peter Kyros.jpg
Peter N. Kyros
Democratic Portland January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1975
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
1973–1983
[Data unknown/missing.]
David F Emery.png
David F. Emery
Republican Rockland January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1983
94th
95th
96th
97th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
John R. McKernan (Maine Governor).jpg
John R. McKernan Jr.
Republican Portland January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1987
98th
99th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for Governor of Maine.
1983–1993
[Data unknown/missing.]
JosephBrennan.jpg
Joseph E. Brennan
Democratic Portland January 3, 1987[a]
January 3, 1991
100th
101st
Elected in 1986.[a]
Retired to run for Governor of Maine.
Thomas Andrews 1991.jpeg
Thomas Andrews
Democratic Brunswick January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 1995
102nd
103rd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
1993–2003
[Data unknown/missing.]
Jimlongleyme.jpg
James B. Longley Jr.
Republican Lewiston January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 1997
104th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Tom Allen 110th Congressional portrait.JPG
Tom Allen
Democratic Portland January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2009
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
2003–2013
ME 01.gif
Chellie Pingree official photo.jpg
Chellie Pingree
Democratic North Haven January 3, 2009 –
Present
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th.
Elected in 2008.
2013–Present
Maine US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif

Recent election results[edit]

1986 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Joseph E. Brennan 121,848 53.16
Republican H. Rollin Ives 100,260 43.74
Labor for Maine Plato Truman 7,109 3.10
Majority 21,588 9.42
Turnout 229,217
Democratic gain from Republican
1988 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Joseph E. Brennan (Incumbent) 167,623 60.11
Republican Edward S. O'Meara 111,125 36.78
Majority 79,864 26.44
Turnout 278,748
Democratic hold
1990 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas H. Andrews 167,623 60.11
Republican David Emery 110,836 39.74
write-ins 413 0.15
Majority 56,787 20.36
Turnout 278,872
Democratic hold
1992 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas H. Andrews (Incumbent) 232,696 64.97
Republican Linda Bean 125,236 34.97
write-ins 216 0.06
Majority 107,460 30.00
Turnout 358,148
Democratic hold
1994 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican James B. Longley, Jr. 136,316 51.88
Democratic Dennis L. Dutremble 126,373 48.09
write-ins 80 0.03
Majority 9,943 3.78
Turnout 262,769
Republican gain from Democratic
1996 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas H. Allen 173,745 55.30
Republican James B. Longley, Jr. (Incumbent) 140,354 44.68
write-ins 65 0.02
Majority 33,391 10.63
Turnout 314,164
Democratic gain from Republican
1998 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas H. Allen (Incumbent) 134,335 60.33
Republican Ross J. Connelly 79,160 35.55
Constitution Eric R. Greiner 9,182 4.12
Majority 55,175 24.78
Turnout 222,677
Democratic hold
2000 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas H. Allen (Incumbent) 202,823 59.81
Republican Jane A. Amero 123,915 36.54
Libertarian J. Frederic Staples 12,356 3.64
Majority 78,908 23.27
Turnout 339,094
Democratic hold
2002 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Allen (Incumbent) 172,646 63.81
Republican Steven Joyce 97,931 36.19
Total votes 270,577 100.00
Democratic hold
2004 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Allen (Incumbent) 219,077 59.74
Republican Charles E. Summers 147,663 40.26
Total votes 366,740 100.00
Democratic hold
2006 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Allen (Incumbent) 170,949 60.84
Republican Darlene J. Curley 88,009 31.32
Independent Dexter Kamilewicz 22,029 7.84
Total votes 280,987 100.00
Democratic hold
2008 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chellie Pingree 205,629 54.90
Republican Charles E. Summers 168,930 45.10
Total votes 374,559 100.00
Democratic hold
2010 U.S. House election: Maine District 1
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chellie Pingree (Incumbent) 169,114 56.82
Republican Dean Scontras 128,501 43.17
No party Others 42 0.01%
Total votes 297,657 100.00
Democratic hold
2012 U.S. House election: Maine District 1 [5]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chellie Pingree (Incumbent) 236,363 64.8
Republican Jonathan T. E. Courtney 128,440 35.1
Total votes 364,803 100.0
Democratic hold
2014 U.S. House election: Maine District 1 [6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chellie Pingree (Incumbent) 186,674 60.43
Republican Isaac J. Misiuk 94,751 30.67
Independent Richard P. Murphy 27,410 8.87
Others 63 0.02
Total votes 308,898 100
Democratic hold
2016 U.S. House election: Maine District 1 [7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chellie Pingree 227,546 57.99
Republican Mark Holbrook 164,569 41.94
Libertarian James J. Bouchard (Declared Write-In) 276 0.07
Blank ballots 14,551 N/A
Total votes 406,942 100
Democratic hold
2018 U.S. House election: Maine District 1 (RCV) (99% reporting)[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chellie Pingree 198,853 58.8
Republican Mark Holbrook 109,714 32.4
Independent Marty Grohman 29,569 8.7
Total votes 338,136 100
Democratic hold

The 2018 election is the first to use ranked-choice voting as opposed to plurality voting since the district's creation. However, since the leading candidate had a majority of first-choice votes, no distribution of preferences was conducted.

Recent election results from presidential races[edit]

Year Results
1992 B Clinton 40 – 32%
1996 B Clinton 52 – 32%
2000 Gore 51 – 43%
2004 Kerry 55 – 43%
2008 Obama 61 – 38%
2012 Obama 60 – 38%
2016[9] H Clinton 54 – 39%

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2005 – 2013

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b The service of member-elect Joseph E. Brennan began January 3, 1987[3] even though he was sworn in January 9, 1987[4] to finish his term as the outgoing Governor of Maine.

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=23&cd=01
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=B000798
  4. ^ Congressional record, 1987
  5. ^ "Bureau of Corporations, Elections & Commissions, Elections Division". Main Bureau of Corporations, Elections & Commission, Elections. Archived from the original on August 1, 2012. Retrieved March 30, 2012.
  6. ^ "Maine General Election 2014". Maine Secretary of State. 2014-11-04. Retrieved 2014-12-19.
  7. ^ "Tabulations for Elections held in 2016". Maine Secretary of State. Retrieved December 12, 2016.
  8. ^ "•Maine's 1st Congressional District election, 2018 Maine's 1st Congressional District election". Ballotpedia. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
  9. ^ 2016 Election Results The Press Herald

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Kentucky's 6th congressional district
Home district of the Speaker of the House
December 4, 1889 – March 3, 1891
Succeeded by
Georgia's 3rd congressional district
Preceded by
Georgia's 3rd congressional district
Home district of the Speaker of the House
December 2, 1895 – March 3, 1899
Succeeded by
Iowa's 3rd congressional district

Coordinates: 43°49′50″N 69°56′27″W / 43.83056°N 69.94083°W / 43.83056; -69.94083