Man La Yahduruhu al-Faqih

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Man La Yahduruhu al-Faqih
Kitab man la yahduruhu al-faqih.jpg
Cover of the book
AuthorIbn Babawayh
LanguageArabic
Published10th century

Man Lā Yahḍuruhū al-Faqīh (Arabic: من لا يحضره الفقيه‎) is a Hadith collection by the famous Twelver Shia Hadith scholar Abu Jaʿfar Muḥammad ibn ʿAli ibn Babawayh al-Qummi, commonly known as Ibn Babawayh or Sheikh al-Saduq. This work is included among the Four Books of Twelver Shia Islam.

Name[edit]

The book name means "Him who does not have a scholar in his presence". Some have translated the title as "Every man his own lawyer".[1][2]

Compilation[edit]

In his introduction to the book the author explains the circumstances of its composition and the reason for its title. When he was at Ilaq near Balkh, he met Sharif al-Din Abu 'Abd Allah known as Ni'mah. He brought a book compiled by Muhammad b. Zakharia al-Razi entitled Man la yahduruhu al-Tabeeb or Every man his own doctor to the attention of Shaikh al-Saduq. He, then, asked him to compile a book on Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence), The Halal and the Haram (the permitted and prohibited) and al-shara-i' wa-'l-ahkam (revealed law and ordinary laws) which would draw on all the works which the Shaikh earlier had composed on the subject. This book would be called Man la yahduruh al-faqih and would function as a work of reference.[3][4]

Contents[edit]

Man la yahduruhu al-Faqih is mainly concerned with Furoo al-Din.[5] The book is meant to be a reference book to help ordinary Shia Muslims in the practise of the legal requirements of Islam. Generally, the Isnad's (Chains of the narrations) is absent. Thus, the book is a summary of the study of legal traditions.[6][7] Shaikh al-Saduq himself said about his work:

I compiled the book without Isnads so that the chains (of authority) should not be too many (-and make the book too long-) and so that the book's advantages might be abundant. I did not have the usual intention of compilers (of books of traditions) to put forward everything which they (could) narrate but my intention was to put forward those things by which I gave legal opinions and which I judged to be correct [8]

View[edit]

Shi'a regards this book as among the most reliable Hadith collections. Thus, the book is included in The Four Books of the Shi'a, together with Al-Kafi, Al-Istibsar and Tahdhib al-Ahkam. As with all Hadith collections, however, there is no guarantee of the authenticity of each individual hadith and the reliability of each must be separately assessed.[9][10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Al-Islam.org
  2. ^ Eliade, Adams, Mircea, Charles J. The Encyclopedia of religion, Volume 6. Macmillan, 1987. p. 558. ISBN 9780029097502.
  3. ^ Man la yahduruh al-faqih, Introduction, p.2-3 as cited at Al-Islam.org [1]
  4. ^ Ak̲h̲tar, Vaḥīd. Early Shīʻite Imāmiyyah Thinkers. Ashish Publishing House, 1988. p. 44. ISBN 9788170241966.
  5. ^ Pickthall, Asad, Marmaduke William, Muhammad. "Islamic Culture, Volume 76". Islamic Culture Board, 2002.
  6. ^ Meri, Josef W. Medieval Islamic Civilization: An Encyclopedia, Volume 1. Routledge; 1 edition (October 31, 2005). ISBN 978-0415966900.
  7. ^ Mahmasani, Subhi. Falsafat al-tashri fi al-Islam. Penrbitan Hizbi (1987). p. 72. ISBN 978-9679964066.
  8. ^ Man la yahduruh al-faqih, Introduction as cited by Al-Islam.org
  9. ^ Brown, Jonathan. The Canonization of al-Bukhr and Muslim (Islamic History and Civilization). BRILL (June 5, 2007). p. 227. ISBN 978-9004158399.
  10. ^ Esposito, John L. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, Volume 2. Oxford University Press; 1 edition (March 30, 1995). ISBN 978-0195066135.