|Regions with significant populations|
|Thailand (Southern Thailand)|
|Mos, Kensiu, Thai|
|Related ethnic groups|
The Maniq or Mani (Thai: มันนิ) are an ethnic group of Thailand. They are more widely known in Thailand as the Sakai, but the Maniq dislike the word sakai because it is derogatory, implying 'slave' or 'barbarism'. They are the only Negrito group in Thailand and speak Maniq (also called Tonga, Kensiu or Mos), a Mon language in the Aslian language group. It is thought they once spoke a language similar to the Andamanese language.
In Thailand, the Maniq minority live in the southern provinces of Yala, Narathiwat, Phatthalung, Trang, and Satun.
The Maniq are a hunting and gathering society. They build temporary huts of bamboo with roofs made of banana leaves. They hunt many types of animals and consume many different kinds of vegetables and fruits. They wear simple clothes made of materials such as bamboo leaves. They are familiar with many different species of medicinal herbs.
The director-general of the Rights and Liberties Protection Department of the Justice Ministry, said the Maniq are categorised into two groups based on where they live. The first group lives in the Titiwangsa Mountains in Yala and Narathiwat while the second group dwells in the Banthat Mountains in Phatthalung, Trang, and Satun.
The total population of the Maniq is about 300 people.
- Thonghom; Weber, George. "36. The Negrito of Thailand; The Mani". Andaman.org. Archived from the original on 20 May 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Laohong, King-Oua (23 December 2017). "Sea gypsies want a chance to settle down". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- Mani people : Ethnic ‘negrito’ tribe of Thailand
- The Negrito of Thailand
- Ethnologue report for Tonga language
- Thailand Mani indigenous data
- RWAAI (Repository and Workspace for Austroasiatic Intangible Heritage)
- http://hdl.handle.net/10050/00-0000-0000-0003-66FA-7@view Maniq in RWAAI Digital Archive
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