Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 1

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 1 
ManilaLine1Logo.svg
Overview
Other name(s)
  • Yellow Line
  • Metrorail
TypeRapid transit
SystemManila Light Rail Transit System
LocaleMetro Manila, Philippines
TerminiRoosevelt (north)
Baclaran (south)
Stations20
Daily ridership500,000 (2018)[1]
WebsiteLRTA, LRMC
Operation
OpenedDecember 1, 1984[2]
OwnerLight Rail Transit Authority
Operator(s)
Rolling stockBN and ACEC 1st Generation LRV
Hyundai Precision and Adtranz 2nd Generation LRV
Kinki Sharyo and Nippon Sharyo 3rd Generation LRV
[3]
Technical
Track length19.65 km (12.21 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
ElectrificationOverhead lines
Operating speed60–80 km/h (37–50 mph)
Route diagram

North Avenue
(under construction)
( 3  7  9 )
Roosevelt
Balintawak
Monumento
5th Avenue
R. Papa
Abad Santos
Blumentritt
 PNR 
Tayuman
Bambang
Doroteo Jose
 2  ( 8 )
Carriedo
Central Terminal
Bus interchange ferry/water interchange
United Nations
Pedro Gil
Quirino
Vito Cruz
Gil Puyat
Bus interchange
Libertad
EDSA
 3 
Pasay Depot
Baclaran
↓ under construction
Redemptorist
Manila International Airport Manila International Airport
Asia World
Bus interchange
Ninoy Aquino
Dr. A. Santos
Las Piñas
Zapote Depot
Zapote
Niog
proposed extension
proposed extension
Tirona
Imus
Daang Hari
Salitran
Congressional Avenue
Governor's Drive

The Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 1 is the first metro line of the Manila Light Rail Transit System. Presently, the line contains twenty stations and runs on 19.65 kilometers (12.21 mi) of fully elevated route. The line is colored yellow (old) and green (new) on all railway maps.

The line runs in a general north-south direction from Baclaran to Monumento; then, it runs in an east-west direction from Monumento to North Avenue, linking the cities of Quezon City, Caloocan, Manila, Pasay, and Parañaque. Passengers can transfer to the Line 2 at Doroteo Jose station, while passengers can transfer to the Line 3 at EDSA station and in the future at North Avenue station.

The Line 1 was known for many names such as LRT Line 1, shortened to LRT-1, Yellow Line, Green Line (2012), or the Metrorail. However, the yellow color of the line dates back to its opening in 1984.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

In 1977, the results of a fourteen-month study conducted by Freeman Fox and Associates and funded by the World Bank recommended the construction of a street-level light rail line in Manila. Following a review by the Ministry of Transportation and Communications, later the Department of Transportation (DOTr), the proposal was revised to an elevated railway in order to avoid building over the city's many intersections. This raised the project's cost from ₱1.5 billion to ₱2 billion. The alignment, which spanned from Monumento, Caloocan in the north to Baclaran, Pasay in the south, was selected because it followed a straight path for most of its route.[4]:36 On July 12, 1980, President Ferdinand Marcos formed the Light Rail Transit Authority (LRTA) and assigned First Lady and Governor of Metro Manila Imelda Marcos as its first chairman. While the LRTA confined its roles to policy making, fare regulation, and future planning, the line's operations were assigned to Metro, Inc., a sister company of Meralco. The line came to be referred to as Metrorail.[5]

Construction and opening[edit]

LRTA Class 1000 being built in Bruges in 1982.

The Belgian Government granted a ₱300 million soft and interest-free loan for the project's construction, with a repayment period of 30 years. Additional funding was later sourced from a ₱700 million loan, provided by a Belgian consortium consisting of ACEC, La Brugeoise et Nivelles, Tractionnel Engineering International, and Transurb Consult. The consortium also supplied the line's first light rail vehicles, power control, signalling, and telecommuncations, as well as provided training and technical assistance. Designed as a public utility rather than a profit center, the line was expected to incur a deficit through 1993, but complete its repayments within a period of 20 years.[5]

A train running through Manila, shown in 1990.

The government-owned Construction Development Corporation of the Philippines was the project's sole contractor.[4]:36 In 1981, an economic recession and the government's inability to provide counterpart funds, which amounted to 60 percent of the project's total cost, for civil works and right-of-way acquisition led to a delay in construction.[6]:170 Work finally began in September along Taft Avenue, between Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA) and Libertad streets.[7] In order to make way for Carriedo station and a segment of tracks approaching the Pasig River, a department store and a classroom building owned by FEATI University were demolished.[4]:36 The southern section, between the Baclaran to United Nations stations, was inaugurated on September 11, 1984, and commercial operation commenced the following December 1.[8]

Later extensions[edit]

On October 12, 2014, Light Rail Manila Corporation (LRMC), a joint venture company of Metro Pacific's Metro Pacific Light Rail Corporation (MPLRC), Ayala Corporation’s AC Infrastructure Holdings Corporation (AC Infra), and the Philippine Investment Alliance for Infrastructure’s Macquarie Infrastructure Holdings (Philippines) PTE Ltd.(MIHPL), signed a concession agreement with the DOTr and LRTA for the operation and maintenance of Line 1 and the construction of a PhP 65 billion extension project to Bacoor, Cavite.[9][10] LRMC, in turn, contracted the operation and maintenance of the line for 20 years to RATP Dev under its subsidiary RATP Dev Transdev Asia, a joint venture between Transdev and RATP Dev.[11][12]. The 32-year concession started on September 12, 2015.

Route[edit]

The old Main Line Route Map inside a 2nd generation LRV
The updated Main Line Route inside a 3rd Generation LRV along with other interchange from PNR, Line 2, and Line 3.

The Line 1 is predominantly aligned to the path of Taft Avenue (Radial Road 2), which was chosen largely due to its straight length. Later on, as Taft Avenue ends, it shifts to Rizal Avenue and Rizal Avenue Extension (Radial Road 9) then turning right at EDSA or Circumferential Road 4 (C-4 Road) before ending at the corner of North and West Avenues and EDSA.

Stations[edit]

A first generation LRV approaching Carriedo station.

The line serves 20 stations along its route. A twenty-first station is yet to be constructed.[13] Eight stations, which are part of the Line 1 South Extension Project, are also set to be constructed south of Baclaran.

A previously proposed station, Malvar station in Caloocan, was proposed during the construction of the northern extension, and became a barganing object during its construction, and has since been shelved by the current administration.

Name Distance (km) Transfers Location
Between stations From Roosevelt
North Avenue
Common Station
Line 3
Line 7
Line 9 (Metro Manila Subway)
Quezon City
Roosevelt 0.000 none
Balintawak 1.870 1.870
Monumento 2.250 4.120 Caloocan City
5th Avenue 1.087 5.207
R. Papa 0.954 6.161 Manila
Abad Santos 0.660 6.821
Blumentritt 0.927 7.748 PNR Metro Commuter
Tayuman 0.671 8.419 none
Bambang 0.618 9.037
Doroteo Jose 0.648 9.685 Line 2
Carriedo 0.685 10.370 none
Central Terminal 0.725 11.095
United Nations 1.214 12.309
Pedro Gil 0.754 13.063
Quirino 0.794 13.857
Vito Cruz 0.827 14.684
Gil Puyat 1.061 15.745 Pasay City
Libertad 0.730 16.475
EDSA 1.010 17.485 Line 3
Baclaran 0.588 18.073 none
Redemptorist Parañaque City
Manila International Airport
Asia World PITX
Ninoy Aquino none
Dr. Santos
Las Piñas Las Piñas City
Zapote Bacoor City, Cavite
Niog Line 6
Stations in italics are either under construction, not yet operational, or have been closed.

Rolling stock[edit]

The line at various stages in its history has used a two-car, three-car, and four-car trainsets. The two-car trains are the original first-generation BN and ACEC trains (railway cars numbered from 1000). Most were transformed into three-car trains, although some two-car trains remain in service. The four-car trains are the more modern second-generation Hyundai Precision and Adtranz (1100) and third-generation Kinki Sharyo / Nippon Sharyo (1200) trains.[14][15] There are 139 railway cars grouped into 40 trains serving the line: 63 of these are first-generation cars, 28 second-generation, and 48 third-generation. One train car (1037) was severely damaged in the Rizal Day bombings and was subsequently decommissioned.[16][17] The maximum speed of these cars is 80 kilometers per hour (50 mph).[18][19]

The line fleet's is being modernized to cope with increasing numbers of passengers. In the initial phase of its capacity expansion program completed in 1999, the line's seven four-car second-generation trains were commissioned providing an increased train capacity of 1,350 passengers while the original two-car trains capable of holding 748 passengers were transformed into three-car trains with room for 1,122.[14]

The acquisition marked the introduction of the first air-conditioned trains to the line. Earlier rolling stock was notorious for its lack of air conditioning, relying instead on forced-air roof ventilation for cooling.[20] Unfortunately, this resulted in hot and stuffy rides. The problem was addressed more fully after a preparatory rehabilitation program completed in 2001 allowed the installation of air conditioners to the older rolling stock.[21] By June 2004, all Yellow Line trains had air conditioning.[22][23]

As part of the second phase of expansion on the Yellow Line, 12 new trains made in Japan by Kinki Sharyo and provided by the Manila Tren Consortium were shipped in the third quarter of 2006 and went into service in the first quarter of 2007. The new air-conditioned trains have boosted the capacity of the line from 27,000 to 40,000 passengers per hour per direction.[15][24][25]

As of recent, the original trainsets are undergoing a body repaint and repair to address body issues and put it at par with its newer trains in terms of aesthetics. However, a majority of the second-generation trains are currently not operational due to various issues such as air-conditioning and propulsion issues, now a subject of an extensive rehabilitation program[26]. 4 of the coaches in the third-generation trains currently out of service is most likely the trainset that figured in the train collision in Roosevelt station.

LRMC has also built an in-house laboratory for production, manufacturing, fabrication and repair of train parts that are no longer available in the market.

Production of new rolling stock is awarded to Mitsubishi Corporation and manufacturing partner CAF, together with JICA, valued at P64.9 billion for 120 cars, or 30 train sets, to the line, in order to cover its Cavite Extension, and able to service more passengers. The train sets will be delivered from 2020 to 2022.[27][28]

The Passenger Assist Railway Display System, a passenger information system powered by LCD screens installed near the ceiling of the train that shows news, advertisements, current train location, arrivals and station layouts, are already installed in the Trains, along with the Line 2 and the Line 3.

Rolling stock First-generation Second-generation Third-generation Fourth-generation
Image First Generation 3-car train (2004) Second Generation (1999) Third Generation (2007)
Year 1984 1999 2007 2020 (expected)
Manufacturer BN Constructions Ferroviaires et Métalliques / SA Ateliers de Constructions Electriques de Charleroi Hyundai Precision / Adtranz Kinki Sharyo / Nippon Sharyo Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles
Model 1000 series 1100 series 1200 series 1300 series
Number built (cars) 64 built; 41 in service 15 out of service 8 decommissioned 28 built; 12 in service 16 out of service 48 built; 44 in service 4 out of service 120 ordered; 30 4-car sets to be built
Car type 8-axle (4 bogie) rigid body 6-axle (3 bogie) rigid body 8-axle (4 bogie) rigid body
Car length 29280 mm 26500 mm (MC car w/ coupler) 26350 mm (M Car w/anti-climber/semi permanent coupler)
Width 2500 mm 2590 mm
Height(From top of rail) 3525 mm 3740 mm 3910 mm
Configuration MC-MC 59590 mm (2-car)
89370 mm MC-MC-MC (3-car)
MC-M-M-MC 105700 mm (4 car) MC-M-MC 79350 mm (3 car) MC-MC 53000 mm (2 car) MC-M-M-M-M-M-M-MC (2-car)
Articulation Double Single
Capacity 748 to 1,122 passengers (81 seated, 293 standing) 1,358 passengers (320 seated 1038 standing) 1,388 passengers (272 seated 1116 standing @ 7 passengers/m²) 276 seated @ 7 passengers/m² (no info on standing capacity yet)
Doors 1400 mm wide; Plug-type; 5-doors/side 1500 mm wide x 1900 mm high ; Interior sliding type; 4-doors/side Interior sliding-type; 4-doors/side
Traction system DC 218 Kw Chopper Type x 1 AC 125 kW VVVF Type with regeneration x 2 AC 105 kW VVVF Control with regeneration x 2
Traction power 750 V DC OCS; pantograph power connection
Body Material BI sheet Stainless steel
Ventilation Forced ventilation (pre–2003 refurbishment); 12 units/car Air-conditioned; roof-mounted duct type; 5 units/car (refurbished) Air-conditioned & Forced ventilation Dome Air Vent PowerCool BR26 Brown; Advent AC135 RV Air Conditioner Cabs; 1 (Advent Air) unit/cab (refurbished) roof-mounted duct type; 1 (BR26) & 4 units/car (refurbished) Air-conditioned; roof-mounted duct type; 2 units/car Air-conditioned
Status In service; rehabilitated in 2003–2004 and 2016–present 2019-present In Service Ordered
[14][23][29]

[30] [31]

Ridership[edit]

The ridership of the line reaches from 300,000 passengers daily, to as much as 500,000 passengers daily due to increased number of trains, as well as reduced waiting time of passengers,[32][33] having as much as 14.63 million passengers monthly,[34] and aims to increase the number of passengers riding the line to 800,000 as the Cavite extension is set to be finished in 2021.[35]

Plans[edit]

South Extension Phase 1 (Line 1 South Extension)[edit]

A south extension of Line 1, also known as the South Extension Project or the Cavite Extension Project in the Metro Manila Rail Plans has been proposed and would aim to serve the areas of Parañaque to Cavite. Such an extension would take Quirino Avenue (Road from Parañaque to Bacoor) then would travel on the side of Seaside Drive to the Coastal Road, and from there would travel down the side of Kabihasnan street to Quirino Avenue (again) to its extension, General Emilio Aguinaldo Avenue from the Las Pinas-Bacoor Boundary of Zapote Bridge to Niog station. The extension would add 8 stations over some 11.7 kilometers (7.3 mi) of new line and would be the third rail line extending outside the Metro Manila area (after the east extension of Line 2 and the construction of Line 7).

An unsolicited bid to conduct this work from Canada's SNC-Lavalin was rejected by the Philippine government in 2005. In 2006, the government worked with advisers (International Finance Corporation, White & Case, Halcrow and others) to conduct an open-market invitation to tender for the extension and for a 30-year concession to run the extended line. President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo subsequently withdrew the project.

The Line 1 South Extension Project will consist of the following eight stations:

On May 4, 2017, the groundbreaking for the South Extension Project was held.[36] DOTr secretary Arthur Tugade projected the early completion of the project to be by 2020.[37][38]

The line would be extended from Parañaque southwards, connecting Las Piñas and Bacoor to the Mega Manila railway network. The actual construction officially started on May 7, 2019 because the Right-of-way is "free and clear" from obstructions. The five stations from Baclaran to Dr. Santos in Parañaque are targeted to be partially operational by fourth quarter of 2021. The whole extension from Baclaran to Niog, Bacoor, Cavite will be finished by 2023.

South Extension Phase 2 (Line 6)[edit]

Another extension of the line in Cavite has been proposed. It will be extended by another 19 kilometres (12 mi) from Bacoor to Dasmariñas with a right-of-way alignment along Aguinaldo Highway. This public-private partnership project dubbed as Line 6, it would have 6 additional stations in Cavite.

The 6 stations of the proposed South Extension Phase 2 are composed of:

Incidents and accidents[edit]

Terrorism[edit]

Rizal Day bombings[edit]

On Rizal Day in the year 2000, a Yellow Line train (Car number 1037) exploded near Blumentritt station as part of a series of explosions in a terrorist attack known as the Rizal Day bombings. The attack on the line killed some 22 people and injured hundreds. Eight members of both Jemaah Islamiyah and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), which include Hambal, Asia's most wanted man, and Fathur Rahman al-Ghozi, were charged with plotting and masterminding the attacks in 2003, some three years after the attacks. Three suspects were put on trial,[39][40] with al-Ghozi receiving 17 years in prison due to the illegal possession of explosives. Al-Ghozi later died in a firefight after attempting to escape from prison. Car number 1037 is currently decommissioned, but there are plans to reconstruct it.

Suicides and births[edit]

The line also witnessed several cases of suicides and suicide attempts, including one case involving a fisherman, who soon died, a 41-year-old woman, who survived, and a man, who jumped from the 26th floor of a condominium building and was subsequently crushed by a southbound train.[41][42][43][44] The line also witnessed births involving women who were heading towards hospitals accessible through the line, and the first case recorded occurred on May 5, 2005, involving a woman named Lea Aquino Ababa, from Pasay.[45][46]

Fires[edit]

Fires, mostly occurring near the line, also caused service disruptions on the Line 1 on several instances.

  • Train operations from Central Terminal to Baclaran were temporarily suspended after a fire in a residential area in Pasay City forced the suspension of operations due to the proximity of one of the burning buildings to Libertad station. Operations from Central Terminal to Monumento still operated as scheduled. Full service was restored after the fire was controlled.[47]
  • Train operations to and from Baclaran were suspended because of a fire at the Baclaran Galleria shopping mall that started at around 5:00 am. Until noontime the fire was still spreading to nearby establishments, and flames even started to encroach entrance of the station. Earlier the station had to be closed because of the thick smoke coming from the fire.[48]
  • Train operations were limited from Monumento to Gil Puyat when fire broke out in a 4-story Puregold commercial building beside Libertad station at around 2:00 am. Normal operations resumed in the afternoon after the fire was controlled.[49]

Train Malfunctions[edit]

Unlike Line 3 that has been virtually crippled due to poor maintenance, the line has seldom train malfunctions and has been mostly functional; however, occasional malfunctions such as line glitches limiting station travels, train malfunctions such as train doors being open while running, 'code yellow' and 'code red', cases where whole trainsets bog down in the middle of a revenue run have been reported sporadically.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.philstar.com/business/2018/09/23/1853755/lrt-1-posts-record-1463-million-ridership-august
  2. ^ http://cityrailtransit.com/timeline/manila_timeline.htm
  3. ^ "About Us – MRT3 Trains". Metro Rail Transit. Archived from the original on May 8, 2014. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c Satre, Gary L. (June 1998). "The Metro Manila LRT System — A Historical Perspective" (PDF). Japan Railway & Transport Review. Vol. 16. EJRCF. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
  5. ^ a b "LRTA History". Light Rail Transit Authority. Archived from the original on June 9, 2019. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  6. ^ Provision of Travelway Space for Urban Public Transport in Developing Countries. UN-HABITAT. 1993. ISBN 9789211312201. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  7. ^ "The LRT Line 1 System – The Green Line". Light Rail Transit Authority. July 14, 2014. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2014.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  8. ^ Rimmer, Peter J. (2013). Rikisha to Rapid Transit: Urban Public Transport Systems and Policy in Southeast Asia. Elsevier. pp. 190–191. ISBN 9781483150529.
  9. ^ "P65B Manila-Cavite Transit Project Underway". Social Patrol. Archived from the original on May 5, 2017. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  10. ^ "Company profile". Light Rail Manila Corporation. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  11. ^ {{https://ph.ambafrance.org/Light-Rail-Manila-Corp-inks%7Ctitle=Light Rail Manila Corp inks operation and maintenance contract with French firm RATP Dev for the LRT1 extension project|publisher=France in the Philippines and in Micronesia - Embassy of France in Manila|accessdate=4 February 2018|
  12. ^ "Philippines: Manila LRT-1 Cavite Extension" (PDF). International Finance Corporation. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  13. ^ "Lines 1 and 2 Route Map". Light Rail Transit Authority. Archived from the original on 2014-05-28. Retrieved 2014-06-10.
  14. ^ a b c The Line 1 Capacity Expansion Project (Phase I) Archived 2006-05-17 at the Wayback Machine. [ca. 2003]. Light Rail Transit Authority. Retrieved April 7, 2006.
  15. ^ a b Kinki Sharyo. [ca. 2010]. Light Rail Transit Authority, Manila Philippines, Light Rail Vehicle. Retrieved March 8, 2010 from the Kinki Sharyo Website.
  16. ^ "Light Rail Transit Authority Annual Report 2006" (PDF). Light Rail Transit Authority. Planning Department/MIS Division. 2007. pp. 18–20. Archived from the original (pdf) on July 8, 2008. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
  17. ^ "List of the entire fleet of light rail vehicles of Line 1 and trainsets of Line 2 with other details". eFreedom of Information. Government of the Philippines. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  18. ^ Razon, Evangeline M. (June 1998). "The Manila LRT System" (PDF). Japan Railway and Transport Review. 16: 38–39. Archived from the original (pdf) on August 24, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2009.
  19. ^ Otaki, Tsutomu (2007). "The Commissioning – In Case of a Project in Manila" (pdf). KS World. Kinki Sharyo. 14: 12–13. Retrieved January 15, 2010.
  20. ^ Ronda, Rainier Allan. (August 15, 2003). "No More 'Sweaty' Rides". The Philippine Star. Retrieved January 23, 2010.
  21. ^ The Line 1 Rehabilitation I Project Phase 3 – Rolling Stock Rehabilitation Archived 2013-05-22 at the Wayback Machine. [ca. 2010]. Light Rail Transit Authority. Retrieved January 19, 2010.
  22. ^ Varella, Benjie. (September 26, 2003). "Line 1 to have all air-conditioned trains by April". The Manila Times. Archived from the original on April 15, 2005. Retrieved April 7, 2006.
  23. ^ a b "LRT Line 1 Capacity Expansion Project (Phase II): Package B". Light Rail Transit Authority. Archived from the original on 2013-05-22. Retrieved 2014-06-11. Retrieved April 7, 2006 from the LRTA Website.
  24. ^ "3rd Generation LRV Mock Up on Display". Light Rail Transit Authority. March 9, 2006. Archived from the original on April 24, 2006. Retrieved April 7, 2006.
  25. ^ Olchondra, Riza T. (December 7, 2006). "'3G' trains to serve LRTA riders Dec. 11: More comfortable, safer rides assured for commuter Archived 2013-02-22 at Archive.today". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved February 7, 2010.
  26. ^ http://business.inquirer.net/246361/lrmc-signs-p450-m-deal-train-rehab-upgrade
  27. ^ https://business.inquirer.net/241116/lrt-1-get-new-train-cars-japans-mitsubishi
  28. ^ https://www.metro-report.com/news/single-view/view/caf-awarded-manila-rolling-stock-contract.html
  29. ^ http://ppp.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/LRT1_CavExt_PIM_04Jun2012.pdf
  30. ^ "CAF TO SUPPLY 30 LRVS TO MANILA (THE PHILIPPINES)". Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  31. ^ "MANILA LINE 1 LRV". Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  32. ^ https://www.philstar.com/business/2018/09/23/1853755/lrt-1-posts-record-1463-million-ridership-august
  33. ^ https://businessmirror.com.ph/lrmc-sees-lrt-1-passengers-increasing-by-75-in-2021/
  34. ^ https://www.philstar.com/business/2018/09/23/1853755/lrt-1-posts-record-1463-million-ridership-august
  35. ^ https://businessmirror.com.ph/lrmc-sees-lrt-1-passengers-increasing-by-75-in-2021/
  36. ^ "DESPITE DELAYS: Tugade says LRT1 Cavite extension to be completed in 2021". GMA News Online. Retrieved 2018-07-08.
  37. ^ Barrow, Keith (May 4, 2017). "Manila breaks ground on LRT 1 Cavite extension". International Railway Journal. Simmons-Boardman Publishing. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  38. ^ Cordero, John Ted (May 4, 2017). "DOTr, LRMC break ground for LRT-1 Cavite extension project". GMA News Online. Retrieved May 5, 2017.
  39. ^ Terrorist raps filed vs Asia's most wanted man, Philippine Daily Inquirer, July 8, 2003
  40. ^ DOJ Indicts Asia's Most Wanted Terrorist in 2000 Bombing, Department of Justice Press Release, July 7, 2003
  41. ^ Seaman killed by the train[permanent dead link], Philippine Star, May 26, 2005
  42. ^ Woman jumps into LRT tracks, survives Archived 2009-03-29 at the Wayback Machine, Philippine Daily Inquirer, March 26, 2009
  43. ^ Cops tag man who committed suicide at LRT1, ABS-CBN Interactive, April 5, 2007
  44. ^ Man jumps onto LRT1 tracks[permanent dead link], Philippine Star, August 18, 2005
  45. ^ Childbirth at Doroteo Jose Station Archived 2008-07-08 at the Wayback Machine, Light Rail Transit Authority Press Release, December 1, 2005
  46. ^ Woman gives birth inside a LRT-1 coach, ABS-CBN News and Current Affairs, October 30, 2010
  47. ^ Fire partially stops LRT1 operations Archived 2009-06-28 at the Wayback Machine, Philippine Daily Inquirer, December 18, 2007
  48. ^ Baclaran blaze continues to spread, officials raise fire alarm level, GMA News and Public Affairs, January 3, 2008
  49. ^ Fire disrupts operations at LRT Libertad station, GMA News and Public Affairs, July 17, 2008

External links[edit]