María Romilda Servini

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María Romilda Servini
Juez María Servini de Cubría instruye la única causa abierta al franquismo en el mundo 03.jpg
Federal Judge of Argentina [es] for Court No. 1 of Buenos Aires
In office
19 November 1990 – 26 December 2017
Nominated byCarlos Menem
Personal details
Born (1936-12-01) 1 December 1936 (age 82)
San Nicolás de los Arroyos
Spouse(s)Juan Tomás Cubría
Alma materUniversity of Buenos Aires
OccupationJudge, lawyer

María Romilda Servini de Cubría (born 1 December 1936) is an Argentine lawyer and judge who presided over Federal Court No. 1 of Buenos Aires from 1990 to 2017.

Early life[edit]

María Romilda Servini was born in the city of San Nicolás de los Arroyos, in the extreme north of Buenos Aires Province, to an upper middle class family. As a child, she was nicknamed "Chuchi".[1]

She studied law at the University of Buenos Aires, where she met Juan Tomás Cubría in 1958. One year later they were married, had a son, and he was appointed military attaché in Río de Janeiro, where the couple lived for two years.[2]

Judicial career[edit]

When they returned to Argentina, Servini de Cubría finished her studies as a clerk and worked in this capacity during 1966 in the offices of Buenos Aires Province.[3] When she had her second child, she decided to finish law school with her brother, who was also attending.

She began her judicial career, working her way up from the lowest position to that of "official defender". In that position she had her first prominent case, in which she had to defend former President Isabel Perón, who had been arrested and prosecuted on several criminal counts by the civil-military dictatorship that was in power at the time.[2] After Perón was overthrown by the dictatorship, her husband, who was a captain of the Air Force, was forced into retirement by the decision of General Ramón Agosti.[1]

Later she was named "judge of minors", and there she took charge of several cases of appropriation of children, being the first to return children to families of the disappeared.[3] She was later investigated for having designated minors for adoption in an irregular manner, similar to that which caused fellow judge Gustavo Mitchell to resign in November 2011. Servini disputed the allegations and questioned the impartiality of Judge Norberto Mario Oyarbide [es].[4][5]

In the 1980s, she was subrogated judge in a court of higher education. There, she presided over the Puccio family's case.[6]

Yomagate[edit]

On 19 November 1990, then-President Carlos Menem appointed her a national judge in Criminal and Correctional Court No. 1 with electoral jurisdiction.[2] She presided over the case known as Yomagate, which accused Amira Yoma – the President's sister-in-law – of laundering money from drug trafficking.

In 1992 she filed a judicial appeal to censor the comedian Tato Bores for a satirical sketch he performed on his television program. A civil court ruled in her favor, and the order not to use her name was applied to the well-known humorist. In response, a chorus of celebrities (including Mariano Grondona, Alejandro Dolina, Susana Giménez, China Zorrilla, Magdalena Ruiz Guiñazú, Luis Alberto Spinetta, Ricardo Darín, and Víctor Hugo Morales) dedicated a song with the refrain "Judge Baru Budu Budía is the greatest there is."[7]

Assassination of Chilean General Carlos Prats[edit]

On 9 November 1999, Servini de Cubría questioned Michael Townley, a former member of the Dirección de Inteligencia Nacional (DINA).[8] For the first time he not only confessed how General Carlos Prats and his wife were murdered, but also how he fled Chile in 1973 to avoid arrest after the murder of a worker in the facilities of the TV channel of the Catholic University in Concepción.[8] The latter deed earned him admittance to immediately join the DINA's secret squads.[8]

December 2001 riots[edit]

Judge Servini de Cubría issued orders to police during the 20 December 2001 demonstrations in the Plaza de Mayo. She later initiated the prosecution of Secretary of Security Enrique Mathov, Federal Police chief Rubén Santos, and police commissioners Jorge "El Fino" Palacios, Raúl Andreozzi, and Norberto Gaudiero on five counts of "culpable homicide", accusing them of "propitiating through their ineptitude the episodes of generalized violence that went on in those days."[9][10]

Demand to Google and Yahoo![edit]

In 2008, the judge filed an appeal to block access to any information and images of herself existing in the search engines Google and Yahoo! that did not have her consent. However, the National Chamber of Civil and Commercial Appeals decided to withdraw the request.[11][12]

2013 judicial reform[edit]

In June 2013 Judge Servini de Cubría issued the "Rizzo [es]" ruling which declared unconstitutional the reform of the magistracy council, called "democratization of justice" by the ruling party. The decision was later confirmed by the Supreme Court.[13]

Abduction of babies during the Franco era[edit]

In September 2013, Servini de Cubría opened a case to investigate the alleged "baby theft" that occurred, according to the complainants, during the Franco regime in Spain. On 31 January 2014, the first complaints of Spanish residents were received after the authorization of the Argentine consulate in Madrid.[14]

2015 transfer of power[edit]

In December 2015, Servini de Cubría, as a result of an action initiated by the Cambiemos alliance, issued a declaratory sentence that established a time for the end of the term of President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, and the beginning of that of Mauricio Macri.[15]

Resignation[edit]

On 26 December 2017 María Romilda Servini de Cubría resigned from her position on the federal court with electoral jurisdiction in Buenos Aires Province,[16] citing "strictly personal reasons".[17]

Personal life[edit]

In September 2016 Servini de Cubría underwent coronary angioplasty for a thrombosis at the Argentine Diagnostic and Treatment Institute.[18]

She and her husband Juan Tomás Cubría have two children – Eduardo Cubría and Juan Carlos Cubría.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gerschenson, Ana (8 August 2014). "El regreso de la 'Chuchi' Servini de Cubría". El Cronista (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  2. ^ a b c "María Romilda Servini de Cubría: una jueza amiga del poder". La Nación (in Spanish). 8 April 2007. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  3. ^ a b Dillon, Marta (1 March 2002). "Todo sobre Servini" [All About Servini]. Página/12 (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  4. ^ "Servini de Cubría dice que se siente 'investigada' por Oyarbide" [Servini de Cubría Says She Feels 'Investigated' by Oyarbide]. Perfil (in Spanish). 27 March 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  5. ^ Cappiello, Hernán (23 April 2011). "Un juez condena, acusa y absuelve por Twitter" [A Judge Condemns, Accuses, and Acquits on Twitter]. La Nación (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  6. ^ Cociffi, Gaby (29 September 2017). "'Las mujeres del clan Puccio sabían todo lo que pasaba en esa casa: era una familia muy enferma'" ['The Women of the Puccio Clan Knew Everything That Happened in That House: It was a Very Sick Family'] (in Spanish). Infobae. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  7. ^ de Carlos, Carmen (14 November 2014). "María Servini, la jueza 'baru budu budía' que quiere castigar el Franquismo" [María Servini, Judge 'Baru Budu Budía', Who Wants to Punish Francoism]. ABC (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  8. ^ a b c González, Mónica (8 July 2010). "La confesión clave de Michael Townley" [The Key Confession of Michael Townley] (in Spanish). CIPER. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  9. ^ Pertot, Werner (21 December 2006). "'Tuvo función de mando y control'" ['He Had Command and Control Function']. Página/12 (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  10. ^ Bonasso, Miguel (1 January 2002). El palacio y la calle: crónicas de insurgentes y conspiradores [The Palace and the Street: Chronicles of Insurgents and Conspirators] (in Spanish). Planeta. pp. 200, 207, 266. ISBN 9789504910039. Retrieved 30 January 2019 – via Google Books.
  11. ^ "Revocaron la orden que obligaba a Google a 'borrar' a Servini de Cubría" [The Order that Forced Google to 'Erase' Servini de Cubría Revoked]. Clarín (in Spanish). 11 June 2009. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  12. ^ Saralegui, Rafael (13 June 2009). "Servini de Cubría perdió la primera batalla contra internet" [Servini de Cubría Loses the First Battle Against the Internet]. Crítica Digital (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 15 June 2009. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  13. ^ "La Corte declaró la inconstitucionalidad de la elección de consejeros" [The Court Declares the Election of Directors Unconstitutional] (in Spanish). Todo Noticias. 18 June 2013. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  14. ^ "Las primeras denuncias por el robo de bebés durante el franquismo llegan al consulado para que Argentina las investigue" [The First Complaints for the Theft of Babies During the Franco Regime Arrive at the Consulate for Argentina to Investigate Them] (in Spanish). Madrid. Europa Press. 31 January 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  15. ^ Cué, Carlos E.; Rebossio, Alejandro (9 December 2015). "Kirchner refuses to attend new president's inauguration ceremony". El País. Buenos Aires. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  16. ^ "Servini de Cubría renunció como jueza electoral bonaerense" [Servini de Cubría Resigns as Buenos Aires Electoral Judge] (in Spanish). Infobae. 26 December 2016. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  17. ^ "Servini renunció como subrogante en el juzgado electoral de la provincia de Buenos Aires" [Servini Resigns as Subrogate in the Electoral Court of Buenos Aires Province] (in Spanish). Todo Noticias. 27 December 2016. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  18. ^ "Servini fue a hacerse un chequeo y quedó internada por una trombosis" [Servini Went for a Check-Up and was Hospitalized for a Thrombosis] (in Spanish). Télam. 13 September 2016. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
  19. ^ "María Servini de Cubría" (in Spanish). Chequeado. 2 November 2017. Retrieved 30 January 2019.