|Princess of the Blood|
Countess of Harcourt and of Aumale
Viscountess of Châtellerault
Baroness of Elbeuf, of Mézières, of Lillebone, of La Saussaye
|Born||29 March 1373|
Chateau d'Essay, Orne, France
|Died||1417 (aged about 44)|
Chateau d'Harcourt, Calvados, Normandy, France
|Noble family||House of Valois|
|Spouse(s)||John VII of Harcourt, Count of Harcourt|
|Father||Pierre II, Count of Alençon|
|Mother||Marie Chamaillart, Viscountess of Beaumont-au-Maine|
Marie d'Alençon (29 March 1373 – 1417) was a French noblewoman, a Princess of the Blood, and the wife of John VII of Harcourt, Count of Harcourt and of Aumale, Viscount of Châtellerault, Baron of Elbeuf, of Mézières, of Lillebone, of La Saussaye.
Marie was born on 29 March 1373, at the Chateau d'Essay, Orne, France, the daughter of Pierre II, Count of Alençon (1340 – 20 September 1404) and Marie Chamaillart, Viscountess of Beaumont-au-Maine. Her paternal grandparents were Charles II, Count of Alençon (killed 26 August 1346 at the Battle of Crecy) and Maria de La Cerda y Lara. Charles was a younger brother of King Philip VI of France. Her maternal grandparents were Guillaume Chamaillart, Viscount of Beaumont-Brienne, Sire d'Anthenaise, and Marie de Beaumont, Dame de Beaumont-le-Vicomte.
Marie's father was knighted in 1350. At the Battle of Poitiers in 1356, he was taken hostage in exchange for King John II of France, and he did not return home until 1370. On 20 October 1371, he married Marie Chamaillart (died 18 November 1425 at Chateau d'Argentan), by whom he had eight children. Marie was their eldest child.
List of siblings
- Pierre d'Alençon (1374 – 1375)
- Jean d'Alençon (1375 – 1376)
- Marie d'Alençon (1377 – 1377)
- Jeanne d'Alençon (1378 – 6 August 1403
- Catherine of Alençon (1380 Verneuil-sur-Avre – 25 June 1462. She married firstly in 1411, Peter d' Évreux, Infante of Navarre, Count of Mortain, and secondly on 1 October 1413, Louis VII, Duke of Bavaria–Ingolstadt. By her last marriage she had a son Johann (Born 6 February 1415) and an unnamed daughter. Both children died young.
- Marguerite d'Alençon (1383- after 1400). Nun at Argentan.
- Jean, Duke of Alençon (9 May 1385- 25 October 1415 at The Battle of Agincourt). On 26 June 1396, he married Marie of Brittany (18 February 1391- 18 December 1446). They had five children, including his heir, Jean II, Duke of Alençon.
Marie married John VII, Count of Harcourt and of Aumale (1369 – 18 December 1452) in Paris on 17 March 1390 shortly before her seventeenth birthday. He was the son of John VI of Harcourt, Count of Harcourt, and Catherine de Bourbon. The marriage produced three children. Through her eldest daughter Marie, Marie d'Alençon was the ancestress of Mary, Queen of Scots, kings Henry IV of France and Louis XIV of France, and Henrietta Maria of France, wife of Charles I of England.
Marie died in 1417 about two years after her husband, having distinguished himself at the Battle of Agincourt, was taken prisoner by the victorious English troops, led by King Henry V. John died in 1452.
- John VIII of Harcourt, Count of Aumale (9 April 1396 Chateau d'Harcourt, Calvados – 17 August 1424 at the Battle of Verneuil). He was the senior French commander at the battle. By mistress Marguerite de Preullay, he had one illegitimate son, Louis II of Harcourt
- Marie of Harcourt, Countess of Aumale (9 September 1398 Chateau d'Harcourt, Calvados – 19 April 1476). She married, on 12 August 1416, Antoine of Vaudémont, Count of Vaudémont, Sire of Joinville (1401 – 22 March 1458), by whom she had five children including Frederic II of Vaudémont, Count of Vaudemont, Sire of Joinville (May 1428 – 31 August 1470 Joinville), who in his turn in 1445, married Yolande de Bar of Anjou, elder sister of Margaret of Anjou, Queen-consort of England.
- Jeanne of Harcourt, Countess of Harcourt (11 September 1399 Chateau d' Harcourt, Calvados -1456). She married firstly in 1414, Jean, Seigneur de Rieux et de Rochfort, Baron d'Ancenis (died 1431). She married secondly in 1434, Bertrand de Dinan, Baron de Chateaubriant, Marshal of Brittany. She had issue.
|Ancestors of Marie d'Alençon|
- Pére Anselm "Histoire des Rois de France"
- "The Royal Family: A Genealogy" by François Velde
- le Maison des Ducs D'Alençon
- Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europaischen Staaten, 4 volumes, Marburg, 1953, 1975