Our Lady of Kazan Orthodox Cathedral in Marinka
Marinka (Ukrainian: Мар'їнка) is a small city and the administrative center of Marinka Raion, Donetsk Oblast (province), Ukraine.[better source needed] Population: 5,000 (2016 est.); 9,913 (2013 est.); 10,722 (2001). The city has been damaged by and is on the frontline of the War in Donbass.
Sometime after the 1775 liquidation of Zaporizhian Sich, lands of Kalmius Palatine were initially passed to the Greek re-settlers. However according to the general plan of the Aleksandrovsk county of 1830s, the area of Maryinka and surrounding villages was not colonized. After the final demarcation of the government land, in 1840s on non-colonized by Greeks territory moved former Ukrainian Cossacks and state peasants (see state serf) from various counties of Poltava Governorate and Kharkov Governorate (Little Russia). After the partition of Poland, at the end of 18th century here were also exiled Polish people from the Kiev and Podolia governorates who also were under a special supervision by the local administration. Unlike the state peasants who used a community land, the exiled Poles were considered as landowners ("odnodvortsy").
By 1859 there were 1,318 people. As a state village, Marinka belonged to the fourth stan of Aleksandrovsk county, Yekaterinoslav Governorate. The village administration consisted of a village senior (head of village), a tax collector, a secretary, and a supervisor. The city was under German occupation between 1941 and 1943.
Having been locked up in the police station, the Jews of the city (and the surrounding villages) were killed in a mass execution by an einsatzgruppen. The site of the massacre is located in a pit near the cemetery
War in Donbass
Starting in mid-April 2014 pro-Russian militants captured several towns in Donetsk Oblast; including Marinka. On August 5, 2014, Ukrainian forces regained control of Marinka. Ukrainian forces involved in the recapture included the Azov Battalion, whose flag flew in the city in early August. In this operation one volunteer fighter was killed (a member of Azov, a Russian-citizen) and 14 wounded (9 in an explosion of a Ukrainian tank due to an anti-tank mine).
The city is shelled on a regular basis, with Ukrainian troops returning fire. Pro-Russian fighters accused Ukrainian troops of using their positions in Marinka to shell militant-controlled Donetsk - a claim denied by the Ukrainian military.
Battle of Marinka
On 3 June 2015, fresh violence returned to the area as pro-Russian combatants launched an offensive on the city involving 1,000 fighters, tanks and heavy artillery. They stated they only engaged in defence measures after an assault by the Ukrainian army. By then the town had already been devastated by months of heavy fighting.
According to the BBC, the 3 June 2015 fighting was the heaviest of the War in Donbass since the so-called Minsk II ceasefire was signed on 11 February 2015. In the early evening of 3 June 2015, Donetsk People's Republic's Defence Minister Vladimir Kononov and the Ukrainian military confirmed to the OSCE that Marinka was under Ukrainian control. According to OSCE figures, 28 people, including 9 civilians, were killed in Marinka on 3 June 2015.
Afghan War memorial in city park
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