Morori language

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Morori
Marori
Moraori
RegionPapua
Ethnicity250 (1998)[1]
Native speakers
50 (1998)[1]
Trans–New Guinea
Language codes
ISO 639-3mok
Glottologmoro1289[2]
Moraori language.svg
Map: The Morori language of New Guinea
  The Morori language (near the southern cape)
  Other Trans–New Guinea languages
  Other Papuan languages
  Austronesian languages
  Uninhabited

Morori (Marori, Moaraeri, Moraori, Morari) is a moribund Papuan language of the Kolopom branch of the Trans–New Guinea family. It is separated from the other Kolopom languages by the intrusive Marind family.[3] All speakers use Papuan Malay or Indonesian as L2, and many know Marind.[1]

An dialect extinct in 1997, Menge, is remembered from ceremonial use.

Marori is spoken in Kampung Wasur, which in 2010 had 413 people (98 families) total and 119 Marori people (52 Marori families).[4]

Pronouns[edit]

Pronouns, but little else, connect it to TNG:

sg pl
1 na ni-ɛ
2 ka ki-ɛ
3 ŋɡafi ŋɡamdɛ

Evolution[edit]

Marori reflexes of proto-Trans-New Guinea (pTNG) etyma are:[5]

  • mam ‘breast’ < *amu
  • mam ‘mother’ < *am(a,i)
  • nemeŋk ‘louse’ < *niman
  • sa ‘sand’ < *sa(ŋg,k)asiŋ
  • ŋwar ‘bone’ < *kondaC

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Morori at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Marori". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ New Guinea World, Kolopom
  4. ^ Evans, Nicholas (2018). "The languages of Southern New Guinea". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 641–774. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  5. ^ Pawley, Andrew; Hammarström, Harald (2018). "The Trans New Guinea family". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 21–196. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  • Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide; Jack Golson (eds.). Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.