Marshal of Italy

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Marshal of Italy
Rank insignia of maresciallo d'Italia of the Italian Army (1940).png
Marshal of Italy sleeve rank insignia (1933-1945)
Country Kingdom of Italy
RankFive-star
NATO rankOF-10
Non-NATO rankO-11
Formation4 November 1924
Abolished18 January 1947
Next higher rankFirst Marshal of the Empire

Marshal of Italy (Italian: Maresciallo d'Italia) was a rank in the Royal Italian Army (Regio Esercito). Originally created in 1924 by Italian dictator Benito Mussolini for the purpose of honoring Generals Luigi Cadorna and Armando Diaz, the rank was granted to several other general officers from 1926 to 1943. The rank was the highest in the Italian Army prior to the creation of the rank of First Marshal of the Empire in 1938. The rank of Marshal of Italy was abolished in 1946 with the creation of the Republic of Italy. The equivalent Royal Navy (Regia Marina) rank was Grand Admiral (Grande Ammiraglio), while the equivalent Air Force (Regia Aeronautica) rank was Marshal of the Air Force (Maresciallo dell'Aria), all of them abolished for the Armed Forces of the Republic of Italy.[1]

Lists of the Marshals of Italy[edit]

Name Date of promotion Defence branch
Luigi Cadorna
Cadorna, LuigiLuigi Cadorna
(1850–1928)
4 November 1924 Royal Italian Army
Armando Diaz
Diaz, ArmandoArmando Diaz
(1861–1928)
4 November 1924 Royal Italian Army
Paolo Thaon di Revel
Revel, PaoloPaolo Thaon di Revel
(1859–1948)
4 November 1924 Royal Italian Navy
HRH The Duke of Aosta
AostaHRH The Duke of Aosta
(1869–1931)
25 June 1926 Royal Italian Army
Pietro Badoglio
Badoglio, PietroPietro Badoglio
(1871–1956)
25 June 1926 Royal Italian Army
Enrico Caviglia
Caviglia, EnricoEnrico Caviglia
(1862–1945)
25 June 1926 Royal Italian Army
Gaetano Giardino
Giardino, GaetanoGaetano Giardino
(1864–1935)
25 June 1926 Royal Italian Army
Guglielmo Pecori Giraldi
Giraldi, GuglielmoGuglielmo Pecori Giraldi
(1856–1941)
25 June 1926 Royal Italian Army
Italo Balbo
Balbo, ItaloItalo Balbo
(1896–1940)
13 August 1933 Royal Italian Air Force
Emilio De Bono
Bono, EmilioEmilio De Bono
(1866–1944)
16 November 1935 Royal Italian Army
Rodolfo Graziani
Graziani, RodolfoRodolfo Graziani
(1882–1955)
9 May 1936 Royal Italian Army
Ugo Cavallero
Cavallero, UgoUgo Cavallero
(1880–1943)
1 July 1942 Royal Italian Army
Ettore Bastico
Bastico, EttoreEttore Bastico
(1876–1972)
12 August 1942 Royal Italian Army
HRH The Prince of Piedmont
PiedmontHRH The Prince of Piedmont
(1904–1983)
29 October 1942 Royal Italian Army
Giovanni Messe
Messe, GiovanniGiovanni Messe
(1883–1968)
12 May 1943 Royal Italian Army

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Page Archived 2007-12-23 at the Wayback Machine of the Italian Army (Esercito Italiano) home site - www.esercito.difesa.it.