Marshall County, South Dakota

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Marshall County
Marshall County Courthouse in Britton
Map of South Dakota highlighting Marshall County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 45°46′N 97°36′W / 45.76°N 97.6°W / 45.76; -97.6
Country United States
State South Dakota
Founded1885
Named forMarshall Vincent
SeatBritton
Largest cityBritton
Area
 • Total886 sq mi (2,290 km2)
 • Land838 sq mi (2,170 km2)
 • Water48 sq mi (120 km2)  5.4%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total4,656
 • Estimate 
(2018)
5,112
 • Density5.3/sq mi (2.0/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitemarshall.sdcounties.org

Marshall County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,656.[1] Its county seat is Britton.[2] The county was created on May 2, 1885,[3] and was named for Marshall Vincent, who homesteaded near Andover, South Dakota.[4]

Geography[edit]

Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information

Marshall County lies on the north side of South Dakota. Its north boundary line abuts the south boundary line of the state of North Dakota. Its terrain consists of rolling hills, with numerous lakes and ponds in the SE portion.[5] Its terrain slopes to the northeast, and its highest point is near its SE corner, at 2,034' (620m) ASL.[6]

Marshall County has a total area of 886 square miles (2,290 km2), of which 838 square miles (2,170 km2) is land and 48 square miles (120 km2) (5.4%) is water.[7] The county is drained by the Crow Creek, a tributary of the James River, and the Wild Rice River, a tributary of the Red River of the North.[8] A portion of the Lake Traverse Indian Reservation is located in the eastern part of the county.

Major Highways[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

  • Abraham State Game Production Area
  • Aspen Slough State Game Production Area
  • Black Slough State Game Production Area
  • Bonham State Game Production Area
  • Buffalo Lakes State Game Production Area
  • Bullhead State Lakeside Use Area
  • Cattail State Game Production Area
  • Church State Game Production Area
  • Clear Lake State Game Production Area
  • Clear Lake State Lakeside Use Area
  • Douglas State Game Production Area
  • Eden State Game Production Area
  • Flat Creek State Game Production Area
  • Fort Sisseton Historic State Park
  • Fort Sisseton State Game Production Area
  • Four Mile-Clubhouse-Barretts State Game Production Area
  • Four Mile State Lakeside Use Area
  • Hamilton Township State Game Production Area
  • Hickman Dam State Game Production Area
  • Horeshoe State Game Production Area
  • Ivory Tower State Game Production Area
  • Knebel State Game Production Area (part)
  • Little Cottonwood State Game Production Area
  • Lost Lake State Game Production Area
  • Nine Mile State Game Production Area
  • North Church State Game Production Area
  • North Ottertail State Game Production Area
  • North Red Iron State Game Production Area
  • Renziehausen State Game Production Area (part)
  • Rock Crandall State Game Production Area
  • Roy Lake State Game Production Area
  • Roy Lake State Park
  • Schlosser Memorial State Game Production Area
  • Sica Hollow State Park (part)
  • Sorbell State Game Production Area
  • South Red Iron State Game Production Area
  • Turtlefoot State Game Production Area
  • White Lake State Game Production Area

Adjacent Counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18904,544
19005,94230.8%
19108,02135.0%
19209,59619.6%
19309,540−0.6%
19408,880−6.9%
19507,835−11.8%
19606,663−15.0%
19705,965−10.5%
19805,404−9.4%
19904,844−10.4%
20004,576−5.5%
20104,6561.7%
Est. 20185,112[9]9.8%
US Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2018[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[14] there were 4,576 people, 1,844 households, and 1,252 families in the county. The population density was 6 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 2,562 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.59% White, 0.09% Black or African American, 6.32% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.22% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. 0.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,844 households out of which 29.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.20% were married couples living together, 6.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.10% were non-families. 30.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.04.

The county population contained 27.00% under the age of 18, 5.10% from 18 to 24, 22.80% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 21.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 100.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,567, and the median income for a family was $36,295. Males had a median income of $27,241 versus $17,872 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,462. About 10.40% of families and 13.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.00% of those under age 18 and 14.00% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,656 people, 1,815 households, and 1,154 families in the county.[15] The population density was 5.6 inhabitants per square mile (2.2/km2). There were 2,534 housing units at an average density of 3.0 per square mile (1.2/km2).[16] The racial makeup of the county was 85.4% white, 7.6% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 5.6% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 6.8% of the population.[15] In terms of ancestry, 45.6% were German, 30.6% were Norwegian, 6.8% were Swedish, 5.8% were Irish, 5.2% were English, and 2.7% were American.[17]

Of the 1,815 households, 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.4% were non-families, and 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.83. The median age was 43.2 years.[15]

The median income for a household in the county was $41,023 and the median income for a family was $56,544. Males had a median income of $31,639 versus $26,737 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,441. About 9.3% of families and 17.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.6% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.[18]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

  • Buffalo
  • Dayton
  • Dumarce
  • Eden
  • Fort
  • Hamilton
  • Hickman
  • La Belle
  • Lake
  • Lowell
  • McKinley
  • Miller
  • Newark
  • Newport
  • Nordland
  • Pleasant Valley
  • Red Iron Lake
  • Sisseton
  • Stena
  • Veblen
  • Victor
  • Waverly
  • Weston
  • White
  • Wismer

Politics[edit]

Marshall County voters have tended to vote Democratic for the past several decades. In 64% of the national elections since 1960, the county selected the Democratic Party candidate.

Presidential election results
Presidential Elections Results[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 54.2% 1,056 38.7% 754 7.0% 137
2012 44.7% 889 53.4% 1,061 1.9% 37
2008 41.1% 900 57.6% 1,261 1.4% 30
2004 52.5% 1,242 46.5% 1,099 1.0% 23
2000 52.8% 1,097 45.2% 939 2.1% 43
1996 38.3% 861 52.8% 1,185 8.9% 200
1992 35.3% 810 46.0% 1,056 18.8% 431
1988 45.2% 1,142 54.3% 1,372 0.4% 11
1984 57.7% 1,529 41.9% 1,111 0.3% 9
1980 57.0% 1,710 37.3% 1,120 5.7% 171
1976 41.6% 1,233 58.0% 1,721 0.4% 13
1972 47.7% 1,500 52.3% 1,646 0.0% 1
1968 47.0% 1,471 48.5% 1,518 4.5% 140
1964 36.4% 1,183 63.6% 2,063
1960 50.4% 1,704 49.6% 1,674
1956 57.5% 2,382 42.5% 1,758
1952 66.5% 2,248 33.6% 1,135
1948 44.4% 1,419 53.5% 1,710 2.2% 69
1944 52.6% 1,511 47.4% 1,363
1940 50.2% 1,989 49.8% 1,972
1936 32.6% 1,105 65.5% 2,220 1.8% 62
1932 27.1% 935 62.0% 2,137 10.9% 374
1928 57.1% 1,858 40.4% 1,315 2.4% 79
1924 51.5% 1,271 7.7% 190 40.8% 1,005
1920 56.0% 1,557 9.6% 266 34.5% 959
1916 45.6% 808 49.9% 885 4.5% 80
1912 0.0% 0 43.1% 541 56.9% 715
1908 59.5% 874 30.8% 453 9.7% 143
1904 67.9% 996 19.9% 292 12.1% 178
1900 51.9% 829 45.6% 728 2.4% 39
1896 43.8% 553 55.0% 694 1.3% 16
1892 44.0% 477 10.5% 114 45.5% 494

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
  3. ^ Individual County Chronologies/Marshall County (accessed February 6, 2019)
  4. ^ Legislative Manual, South Dakota, 2005, p. 596
  5. ^ a b c Marshall County SD Google Maps (accessed 6 February 2019)
  6. ^ "Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed 6 February 2019)
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  8. ^ Koopman, F. C. (1957). "Ground water in the Crow Creek-Sand Lake area, Brown and Marshall Counties, South Dakota " United States Geological Survey Water Supply Paper Series number:1425. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. USGS website Retrieved November 18, 2017
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  10. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  15. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  16. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  18. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  19. ^ Election Results

Coordinates: 45°46′N 97°36′W / 45.76°N 97.60°W / 45.76; -97.60