Massachusetts's 7th congressional district

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Massachusetts's 7th congressional district
Massachusetts US Congressional District 7 (since 2013).tif
Massachusetts's 7th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Ayanna Pressley
DDorchester
Median income$64,310[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+34[2]

Massachusetts's 7th congressional district is a congressional district located in eastern Massachusetts, including roughly three-fourths of the city of Boston and a few of its northern and southern suburbs. Massachusetts congressional redistricting after the 2010 census changed the borders of the district starting with the elections of 2012, with most of the old 7th district redistricted to the new 5th district.[3] Most of the old 8th district now comprise the new 7th district. The seat is currently held by Ayanna Pressley.

Election results from presidential races[edit]

Year Office Result
2000 President Gore 64 - 29%
2004 President Kerry 66 - 33%
2008 President Obama 81.9 - 16.7%
2012 President Obama 82.5 - 15.6%
2016 President Clinton 84.1 - 11.9%

Cities and towns in the district[edit]

  • Boston:
    • Wards 1, 2
    • Ward 3: Precincts 7, 8
    • Ward 4
    • Ward 5: Precincts 1, 2, 2A, 6-10
    • Ward 7: Precinct 10
    • Wards 8-10
    • Ward 11: Precincts 1-8
    • Ward 12
    • Ward 13: Precincts 1, 2, 4-6, 8 and 9
    • Ward 14
    • Ward 15
    • Ward 16: Precincts 1, 3, 4, 6, 8, 11
    • Ward 17
    • Ward 18
    • Ward 19: Precincts 7, 10-13
    • Ward 20: Precinct 3
    • Wards 21 and 22

(the remainder of Boston is in the 8th district)

  • Cambridge:
    • Wards 1, 2, 3, 5, 11
    • Ward 4: Precinct 1
    • Ward 10: Precinct 3

(the remainder of Cambridge is in the 5th district)

(the remainder of Milton is in the 8th district)

Cities and towns in the district prior to 2013[edit]

1790s-1830s[edit]

1840s[edit]

1849: "The whole of Berkshire County; Ashfield, Buckland, Charlemont, Coleraine, Conway, Hawley, Heath, Leyden, Monroe, Rowe, and Shelburne, in Franklin County; Chesterfield, Cummington, Goshen, Middlefield, Norwich, Plainfield, Southampton, Westhampton, Williamsburg, and Worthington, in Hampshire County; and Blandford, Chester, Granville, Montgomery, Russell, and Tolland, in the County of Hampden."[4]

1850s-1880s[edit]

An act of the legislature passed April 22, 1852 divided the 7th district of Massachusetts as such: "The towns of Andover, Boxford, Bradford, Danvers, Haverhill, Lawrence, Lynnfield, Methuen, Middleton, Saugus, and Topsfield in the county of Essex; and the city of Charlestown, and the towns of Burlington, Lexington, Malden, Medford, Melrose, Reading, Somerville, South Reading, Stoneham, Waltham, and Woburn, in the county of Middlesex."[5]

1890s[edit]

Massachusetts's 7th congressional district, 1891

1893: "Essex County: Towns of Lynn, Nahant, and Saugus. Middlesex County: Towns of Everett, Malden, Melrose, Stoneham, and Wakefield. Suffolk County: 4th and 5th wards of the city of Boston, and the towns of Chelsea and Revere."[6]

1910s[edit]

1916: In Essex County: Boxford, Lawrence, Lynn, Lynnfield, Middleton, Nahant, North Andover, Peabody, Saugus. In Middlesex County: North Reading.[7][8]

1940s[edit]

1941: In Essex County: Lawrence, Lynn (part), Middleton, Nahant, North Andover, Peabody. In Suffolk County: Chelsea, Revere, Winthrop.[9]

1950s-2002[edit]

2003-2013[edit]

The district from 2003 to 2013

In Middlesex County:

In Suffolk County:

List of members representing the district[edit]

Member Party Years Electoral history District location
George Leonard of Congress.jpg
George Leonard
Pro-Administration March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
Elected in 1788.
Redistricted to the 6th district.
Bristol County, Dukes County, and Nantucket County
Artemas Ward.jpg
Artemas Ward
Pro-Administration March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1793
Elected in 1790.
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
District discontinued March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
George Leonard of Congress.jpg
George Leonard
Federalist March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
Elected in 1795. on the fourth ballot]].
Retired.
"3rd Southern district"
Stephen Bullock Federalist March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1799
Elected in 1797. on the third ballot]].
Lost re-election.
Phanuel Bishop Democratic-Republican March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1803
Elected in 1799. on the fourth ballot]].
Re-elected in 1800.
Redistricted to the 9th district.
Nahum Mitchell, head-and-shoulders portrait, right profile LCCN2007675931.tif
Nahum Mitchell
Federalist March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
Elected in 1802.
Lost re-election.
"Plymouth district"
Joseph Barker Democratic-Republican March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1809
Elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Retired.
William Baylies Federalist March 4, 1809 –
June 28, 1809
Elected in 1808.
Lost election challenge.[a]
Charles Turner Jr. Democratic-Republican June 28, 1809 –
March 3, 1813
Won election challenge.[a]
Re-elected in 1810.
Lost re-election.
William Baylies Federalist March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
Elected in 1812.
Redistricted to the 8th district.
John W. Hulbert Federalist March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
Redistricted from the 12th district and re-elected in 1814.
Retired.
"Berkshire district"
Henry Shaw Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1821
Elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1819 on the second ballot.
Retired.
Henry Williams Dwight by John Trumbull 1827.jpeg
Henry W. Dwight
Federalist March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
Elected in 1820.
Redistricted to the 9th district.
Samuel C. Allen Adams-Clay Federalist March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1829
Redistricted from the 6th district.
Re-elected in 1825.
[Data unknown/missing.]
"Franklin district"
George Grennell Jr. Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 6th district.
George Nixon Briggs-Southworth and Hawes.jpg
George N. Briggs
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
Redistricted from the 9th district.
Retired.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1843
JuliusRockwell.jpg
Julius Rockwell
Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1851
[Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
JohnZGoodrich.jpg
John Z. Goodrich
Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 11th district.
Nathaniel Prentice Banks.jpg
Nathaniel P. Banks
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become Governor of Massachusetts.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Know Nothing March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
Republican March 4, 1857 –
December 24, 1857
Vacant December 24, 1857 –
January 31, 1858
Daniel W Gooch.png
Daniel W. Gooch[11]
Republican January 31, 1858 –
March 3, 1863
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 6th district.
George Boutwell, Brady-Handy photo portrait, ca1870-1880.jpg
George S. Boutwell
Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 12, 1869
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of Treasury
Vacant March 12, 1869 –
November 2, 1869
George Merrick Brooks (Massachusetts Congressman).jpg
George M. Brooks
Republican November 2, 1869 –
May 13, 1872
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned.
Vacant May 13, 1872 –
December 2, 1872
Constantine C. Esty.png
Constantine C. Esty
Republican December 2, 1872 –
March 3, 1873
[Data unknown/missing.]
EbenezerRHoar.jpg
Ebenezer R. Hoar
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
[Data unknown/missing.]
John K. Tarbox.jpg
John K. Tarbox
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
[Data unknown/missing.]
Benjamin Franklin Butler Brady-Handy.jpg
Benjamin F. Butler[12]
Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
[Data unknown/missing.]
WilliamARussell.jpg
William A. Russell[13]
Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1883
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 8th district.
Eben Francis Stone CDV by John Adams Whipple, 1862.jpg
Eben F. Stone
Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
Redistricted from the 6th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
William Cogswell2.jpg
William Cogswell
Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1893
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 6th district.
Vacant March 4, 1893 –
April 25, 1893
Representative Henry Cabot Lodge had been Redistricted from the 6th district and re-elected, but resigned to become a U.S. Senator.
William Everett.jpg
William Everett
Democratic April 25, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
[Data unknown/missing.]
William Emerson Barrett.png
William Emerson Barrett[14]
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1899
[Data unknown/missing.]
Ernest W Roberts Massachusetts Congressman.png
Ernest W. Roberts[15]
Republican March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1913
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 9th district.
Michael Francis Phelan.png
Michael Francis Phelan
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1921
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Robert S. Maloney.png
Robert S. Maloney
Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
[Data unknown/missing.]
William P. Connery Jr. cph.3a01362.jpg
William P. Connery Jr.
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
June 15, 1937
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant June 16, 1937 –
September 27, 1937
Lawrence J. Connery (Massachusetts Congressman).jpg
Lawrence J. Connery[16]
Democratic September 28, 1937 –
October 19, 1941
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant October 20, 1941 –
December 29, 1941
Thomas J. Lane (Massachusetts Congressman).jpg
Thomas J. Lane
Democratic December 30, 1941 –
January 3, 1963
[Data unknown/missing.]
Torbert Macdonald.jpg
Torbert H. Macdonald[17]
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
May 21, 1976
Redistricted from the 8th district.
Died.
Vacant May 22, 1976 –
November 1, 1976
Ed Markey, Official Portrait, 112th Congress 2.jpg
Ed Markey[18]
Democratic November 2, 1976 –
January 3, 2013
Elected to finish Macdonald's term.
Redistricted to the 5th district.
Mike Capuano.jpg
Michael Capuano
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2019
Redistricted from the 8th district.
Lost renomination.
Ayanna Pressley Portrait.jpg
Ayanna Pressley
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
Present
Elected in 2018.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b In the 1808 election, there were 430 votes for "Charles Turner," which were counted separately from Charles Turner Jr. (Democratic-Republican). This caused the vote tally to be William Baylies (Federalist) 1,828 (49.4%), Charles Turner Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 1,443 (39.0%), "Charles Turner" 430 (11.6%).[citation needed] As no candidate had a majority, a second election was held on January 19, 1809 which elected Baylies with 54.3% of the vote.• Turner successfully contested this election, and Turner successfully contested this election was subsequently declared the winner based on the first ballot, with the second invalidated. He was seated June 8, 1809[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=25&cd=07
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ http://www.sec.state.ma.us/spr/sprcat/catpdf2010/cong2010/CongressionalDistrict_2011State.pdf Access date: March 21, 2012.
  4. ^ John Hayward (1849). "Congressional Districts". Gazetteer of Massachusetts. Boston: J.P. Jewett & Co.
  5. ^ "Congressional Districts". Massachusetts Register (1st ed.). Boston, MA: Sampson Adams & Co. 1862.
  6. ^ Francis M. Cox (1893). "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: Fifty-Third Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office.
  7. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 64th Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1916.
  8. ^ Commonwealth of Massachusetts (1921), "Population of Congressional Districts", Population of Massachusetts as determined by the fourteenth census of the United States 1920, Boston: Wright & Potter
  9. ^ Commonwealth of Massachusetts (1941), "Population of Congressional Districts", Population of Massachusetts as determined by the sixteenth census of the United States, 1940, Boston: Wright & Potter, OCLC 10056477, House No. 2849
  10. ^ "Eleventh Congress (membership roster)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 13, 2012. Retrieved December 13, 2012.
  11. ^ "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory for the Second Session of the Thirty-Seventh Congress. Washington DC: House of Representatives. 1861.
  12. ^ Ben. Perley Poore (1878). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory: 45th Congress (3rd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office.
  13. ^ Ben. Perley Poore (1882). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory: 47th Congress (3rd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office.
  14. ^ L.A. Coolidge (1897). "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: Fifty-Fifth Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office.
  15. ^ A.J. Halford (1909). "Massachusetts". Congressional Directory: 60th Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office.
  16. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 75th Congress (2nd ed.). Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1938.
  17. ^ "Massachusetts". Official Congressional Directory: 90th Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1968.
  18. ^ "Massachusetts". 1991-1992 Official Congressional Directory: 102nd Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1991.

External links[edit]

Maps[edit]

Election results[edit]

Coordinates: 42°19′00″N 71°00′34″W / 42.31667°N 71.00944°W / 42.31667; -71.00944