Matacoan languages

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Linguistic classificationMataco–Guaicuru ?
  • Matákoan

Matacoan (also Mataguayan, Matákoan, Mataguayo, Mataco–Mataguayo, Matacoano, Matacoana) is a language family of northern Argentina, western Paraguay, and southeastern Bolivia.

Family division[edit]

Matacoan consists of four clusters of languages. Gordon (2005) divides Wichí into three separate languages, and Chorote into two languages.

  1. Wichí (also known as Mataco, Wichi, Wichí Lhamtés, Weenhayek, Noctenes, Matahuayo, Matako, Weʃwo. The name Mataco is common but pejorative.)
    1. Vejoz (also known as Vejo, Pilcomayo, Bermejo, Wichí Lhamtés Vejoz)
    2. Noktén (also known as Noctén, Wichí Lhamtés Nocten)
    3. Wiznay (also known as Güisnay, Wichí Lhamtés Güisnay)
    4. Matawayo (also known as Matahuayo).
  2. Chorote (also known as Chorotí, Yofúaha, Tsoloti)
    1. Manhui (also known as Manjuy, Iyo’wujwa Chorote)
    2. Eklenhui (also known as Eclenjuy, Eklehui, Iyojwa’ja Chorote, Chorote, Choroti).
  3. Nivaclé (also known as Chulupí–Ashlushlay, Chulupí, Ajlujlay, Alhulhai, Niwaklé, Niwaqli, Churupi, Chulupe. The name Chulupí is common but pejorative.)
    1. Forest Nivaclé
    2. River Nivaclé
  4. Maká (also known as Macá, Maca, Towolhi, Toothle, Nynaka, Mak’á, Enimaca, Enimaga)
    1. Ma’ká (also known as Towolhi)
    2. Enimaga (also known as Enimaa, Kochaboth)


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Matacoan". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.


  • Adelaar, Willem F. H.; & Muysken, Pieter C. (2004). The languages of the Andes. Cambridge language surveys. Cambridge University Press.
  • Campbell, Lyle. (1997). American Indian languages: The historical linguistics of Native America. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509427-1.
  • Fabre, Alain (2005) Los Mataguayo

(Online version:

External links[edit]