Mehendiganj Upazila

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Mehendigonj

মেহেন্দিগঞ্জ
Mehendigonj is located in Bangladesh
Mehendigonj
Mehendigonj
Location in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 22°49.9′N 90°32′E / 22.8317°N 90.533°E / 22.8317; 90.533Coordinates: 22°49.9′N 90°32′E / 22.8317°N 90.533°E / 22.8317; 90.533
Country Bangladesh
DivisionBarisal Division
DistrictBarisal District
Government
 • MPPankaj Nath [1]
Area
 • Total435.79 km2 (168.26 sq mi)
Population
 (2001)
 • Total304,364
 • Density700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
WebsiteOfficial Map of the Mehendiganj Upazila

Mehendigonj (Bengali: মেহেন্দিগঞ্জ) is an Upazila of Barisal District in the Division of Barisal, Bangladesh.[2] Mehendigonj is popularly known as Patarhat (Bengali: পাতারহাট) by the local people.

Geography[edit]

Ulania Zamindar Bari is a centuries-old landlord palace located in Mehendiganj Upazila
Ulania Zamindar Bari Masjid, established in 1861 by Ulania Zamindar family
Ulania Zamindar Bari Masjid, Barisal (3).jpg
Ulania Zamindar Bari Masjid, Barisal (7).jpg

Mehendigonj is located at 22°49′55″N 90°32′00″E / 22.8319°N 90.5333°E / 22.8319; 90.5333 . It has 55,128 households and a total area of 435.79 km². The river Meghna is surrounded by this small island causing erosion every year during the monsoon season. The popular towns such as Ulania, Kaliganj in the east are in serious danger. About 9,480 people of 1,343 families have become homeless due to erosion. The rivers have expanded to cover 10,501 acres (42.50 km2) of land, 17 schools and colleges, 3 madrasas, 22 mosques and temples, 1,222 ponds, 18 kilometer roads, 42 business establishments, 3 big hats and 500 acres (2.0 km2) of betel nut groves.

Mehendigonj has a history of its own in education and culture, trade and commerce, agriculture and artistry. But the Meghna, the Tentulia and the Mashkata have become the 'fait accompli' of three lakh people of the upazila. The rivers have already swallowed most of the areas of several unions including Gubindapur, Jagalia, Darirchar-Khajuria, Bhashanchar and Andermanik.

There is a documentary titled Mehendigonj of Barisal at Estuary of Meghna based on river erosion directed by Fuad Chowdhury. The documentary portrays the severity of river erosion in monsoon season (July–September). Only in 2007, 12,000 acres (49 km2) of land was engulfed by the river Meghna, making around forty thousand people landless, especially affecting women's privacy and security. Hardly any initiative can be seen to rehabilitate these affected people and to stop the river erosion. Local people are helping each other with their limited resources. In the last 300 years, the feudal landlord (Jamidars) of Ulania of Mehendigonj built an estate of 100 buildings which are also under the threat of Meghna erosion.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2001 Bangladesh census, Mehendigonj had a population of 304,364. Males constituted 154,400 of the population, and females 149,964. Mehendigonj had an average literacy rate of 62.5% (7+ years),[3] against the national average of 46.5%.[citation needed]

Administration[edit]

Mehendigonj thana was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of one municipality, 9 Wards, 13 Unions, 11 Mahallas, 124 Mauzas, 155 villages and 58,719 households.

Municipality[edit]

Unions[edit]

  • Alimabad
  • Andher Manik
  • Bhashanchar
  • Biddanondopur
  • Chanpur
  • Char Ekkaria
  • Char Gopalpur
  • Darirchar Khajuria
  • Gobindapur
  • Jangalia
  • Lata
  • Mehendigonj (Code.8270)
  • Ulania
  • Joy Nogar

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.parliament.gov.bd/index.php/en/mps/members-of-parliament/current-mp-s/list-of-10th-parliament-members-english
  2. ^ Ahsan Habib (2012). "Mehendiganj Upazila". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  3. ^ "Population Census Wing, BBS" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2005-03-27. Retrieved January 23, 2009.
  4. ^ "Steps for protecting historical places from erosion demanded". Dhaka Tribune. 21 December 2014.
  5. ^ "Birthday Celebrations for Abdul Gaffar Chowdhury today at Bangla Academy". The Daily Observer. 12 December 2014.