Menya language

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Menya
Native toPapua New Guinea
RegionMorobe Province
Native speakers
20,000 (1998)[1]
Trans–New Guinea
Language codes
ISO 639-3mcr
Glottologmeny1245[2]

Menya (Menyama, Menye) is an Angan language of Papua New Guinea.

Classification[edit]

Menya is classified as an Angan language. Its closest relatives in terms of shared vocabulary are Kapau and Yagwoia at 69-75% and 50-58% respectively.[3] As the Menya-speaking area is bordered on all sides by speakers of other Angan languages, much of the Menya grammar and vocabulary has remained intact and is consistent with other Angan languages. Most ethnographic evidence suggest that the Menya-speaking people do not think of themselves as culturally distinct from their neighbors, as they have no words for Menya identity and people.[3]

Status[edit]

Menya is used by the community by all age groups, although there is a growing bilingualism and use of Tok Pisin, and to a lesser extent, English. The Menya language is now being shaped by this bilingualism as shifts in vocabulary and grammar have become apparent. Nonetheless unlike other areas of New Guinea language attitudes towards Menya remain positive and the language is not endangered.[3]

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Consonant phonemes[3]
Labial Dental Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Non-pre-nasalized plosives p t͡ʃ k q
Pre-nasalized plosives ᵐb ⁿd̪ ᶮd͡ʑ ᵑɡ ᶰq
Fricatives h
Approximant j w

Vowels[edit]

Front Central Back
Close i u
Mid e ə o
Open ɑ

References[edit]

  1. ^ Menya at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Menya". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b c d Whitehead, Carl R. (March 2006). A reference grammar of Menya, an Angan language of Papua New Guinea (PDF) (Ph.D.). University of Manitoba. Retrieved 6 June 2015.