Mercedes-Benz M275 engine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Mercedes-Benz M275 engine
Mercedes-Benz M275 Engine.JPG
Overview
ManufacturerMercedes-Benz
Layout
Configuration60° V12
Displacement5.5 L (5,513 cc)
6.0 L (5,980 cc)
Cylinder bore82 mm (3.23 in)
82.6 mm (3.25 in)
Piston stroke87 mm (3.43 in)
93 mm (3.66 in)
Block materialAluminum
Head materialAluminum
ValvetrainSOHC 3 valves per cyl.
Combustion
TurbochargerTwin-turbo and intercooled
Fuel systemFuel injection
ManagementBosch
Oil systemWet sump
Cooling systemWater-cooled
Output
Power output517–800 PS (380–588 kW; 510–789 hp)
Torque output830–1,100 N⋅m (612–811 lb⋅ft)
Chronology
PredecessorM137

The Mercedes-Benz M275 (and similar M285) engine is a twin-turbocharged and intercooled, all-aluminum, 60° V12 automobile piston engine family used in the 2000s to the 2010s. It is loosely based on the M137 naturally aspirated V12 sold between 1998 and 2002, and retains its SOHC, 3 valves per cylinder, twin-spark ignition layout, but differs with the addition of structural reinforcements to the engine block for improved rigidity which in turn yields greater reliability. Bore and stroke is 82 mm × 87 mm (3.23 in × 3.43 in) giving a displacement of 5,513 cc (5.5 L). Power output is 380 kW (517 PS; 510 hp) at 5000 rpm with 830 N⋅m (612 lb⋅ft) of torque at 1800–3500 rpm.

Several variations of the M275 V12 Bi-turbo engine have powered many top-of-the-range Mercedes-Benz and Maybach models since 2003.

Applications:

M275 AMG[edit]

The M275 AMG is a 6.0 L (5,980 cc) version, with boost pressure reaching 22.1 psi (1.52 bar) at maximum, and uses air-to-liquid intercoolers. Bore and stroke are increased to 82.6 mm × 93 mm (3.25 in × 3.66 in). Output is 450 kW (612 PS; 603 hp) at 4800–5100 rpm with 1,000 N⋅m (738 lb⋅ft) of torque at 2000–4000 rpm. It uses an ECI ignition system for the two spark plugs per cylinder, which helps with combustion and to support Ionic current measurement function sequence. The top of the range variant fitted in the SL65 AMG Black Series, which is equipped with 12% larger turbochargers, generates 670 PS (493 kW; 661 hp) at 4800–5400 rpm and 1,200 N⋅m (885 lb⋅ft) of torque at 2200–4200 rpm. However, due to the torque abundance to power the rear wheels, the SL65 Black is still limited to 1,000 N⋅m (738 lb⋅ft).

Applications:

M285[edit]

The M285 is a 5.5 L (5,513 cc) version built in Stuttgart, Germany built specifically for Maybach badged products. Bore and stroke is 82 mm × 87 mm (3.23 in × 3.43 in). Output is 410 kW (557 PS; 550 hp) at 5250 rpm with 900 N⋅m (664 lb⋅ft) of torque at 2300-3000 rpm. The cylinders are lined with silicon/aluminum, and uses fracture-split forged steel connecting rods.

Applications:

M158[edit]

The M158 is a 6.0 L (5,980 cc) version based on the M275. The engine uses smaller twin scroll type turbos (for reduced turbo-lag), a bespoke Bosch ECU, a modified intercooler configuration, and dry sump lubrication. It produces 730 PS (537 kW; 720 hp) at 5800 rpm[1] and 1,000 N⋅m (738 lb⋅ft) of torque at 2250-4500 rpm.[1] AMG builds this engine specifically for Pagani Automobili for use in the Huayra supercar. Later in BC model, M158 makes 800 PS (588 kW; 789 hp) and 1,100 N⋅m (811 lb⋅ft).[2] The engine is mated to a new 7-speed electrohydraulic automated manual gearbox designed and built by XTrac.

Applications:

M277[edit]

In 2012, Mercedes-Benz delivered all the rights of V12 engine development to AMG for future V12-model vehicles.[3] Starting the 2014 model year, M277 has been extensively redesigned and updated their top-of-the-range V12 engine to better conform to increasing emission standards in Europe and the United States. Despite the basic design being more than 16 years old (M137), the new engine has enough modifications and sporting character that the engineers felt it warranted a new engine designation. According to Mercedes-Benz, the most important features of the new engine are:

- Increased displacement to 6.0 L (5,980 cc)
- New forged pistons and forged crankshaft in high-grade quenched, tempered steel
- New Engine Control Unit
- New Ignition system
- New Camshafts
- Hollow-stem sodium outlet valves
- Low-temperature cooling-water circulation system with separate expansion reservoir.[4]

With these modifications and the addition of Mercedes-Benz's 7G-Tronic transmission on the V12 models, estimations are that fuel economy with rise around 21% on the European cycle for the large-bodied Mercedes vehicles. Power is now at 530 PS (390 kW; 523 hp) and torque figures stay the same as the predecessor at 830 N⋅m (612 lb⋅ft).

Applications:

M279 AMG[edit]

The M279 AMG is based on the new and comprehensively revised M277 engine series, specially tuned for AMG 65 and Maybach 650 models. In addition to that engine's updates from the previous M275, M279 utilizes new turbochargers with an increased spiral cross-section, new exhaust manifolds, new wastegate ducts, and new cylinder heads with optimized flow characteristics to increase the engine output to 630 PS (463 kW; 621 hp) and still 1,000 N⋅m (738 lb⋅ft) of torque. The multi-spark ignition with twelve double ignition coils and a new higher performing engine management system not only results in smoother running, but also enables even more effective combustion. The resulting reduction in exhaust emissions is also due to a large extent to the optimized catalytic converter system. The newly developed AMG sports exhaust system, which has a pipe layout with enhanced flow characteristics and only equipped in the AMG models, is 3.2 kg (7.1 lb) lighter as a result of a reduction in the wall thickness.

Applications:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2011 Pagani Huayra". Carfolio.com. 2017-02-16.
  2. ^ "2016 Pagani Huayra BC". Carfolio.com. 2018-05-01. Retrieved 2018-12-11.
  3. ^ http://autoweek.com/article/car-news/mercedes-benz-handing-all-v12-development-amg
  4. ^ http://www.autoevolution.com/news/the-new-mercedes-benz-m277-v12-in-the-s-600-at-a-glance-74688.html
  5. ^ https://configurator.mercedes-benz.com/konfigurator/de/de/mercedes-maybach-s-klasse/limousine/motorization?model=222980&nst=000&subprocess=CCci&accountID=daimpcde,daimpc,daimpcoverallde