Mexican heritage days in Edmonton.
|By birth: 69,695|
By ancestry: 26,360
Total: 96,055 (0.3%)
|Regions with significant populations|
|British Columbia||15,950 (0.37%)|
|English, French, Spanish, and a minority of indigenous Mexican languages.|
|Roman Catholicism, Protestantism and Indigenous beliefs.|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Mexican people, Mestizo, Spanish people, Latinos, Native Americans.|
Mexican Canadians (Spanish: Mexicano-canadiense, French: Mexicain canadien) are Canadian citizens of Mexican ancestry or a Mexican-born person who resides in Canada. According to the National Household Survey in 2011, 96,055 Canadians indicated that they were of full or partial Mexican ancestry (0.3% of the country's population). Mexican people are the largest subgroup of Latin American Canadians.
The Mexican ancestry population in Canada is quite small despite Canada's proximity to Mexico and especially when compared to the United States where as of July 2014, there were 35,320,579 Mexican Americans comprising 11.1% of the population (see Mexican American).
Mexican Canadians trace their ancestry to Mexico, a country located in North America, bounded south from the United States; and many different European countries, especially Spain, which was its colonial ruler for over three centuries.
The metropolitan areas with the largest populations of people with Mexican ancestry are: Montreal (15,195; 0.9%), Greater Toronto Area (15,160; 0.3%), Vancouver (10,965; 0.5%), Calgary (4,865; 0.4%), Edmonton (3,630; 0.3%), Ottawa (3,165; 0.3%).
Most Mexican Canadian settlement concentrations are found in metropolitan areas across Canada, with the highest concentrations in Greater Toronto and Quebec and are also present in other provinces of Canada such as British Columbia, Alberta and Manitoba.
There are some Canadians with roots in the United States of America of Mexican-Texan ancestry living in Alberta; thus the so-called Mexican ethnic presence dates back to the first oil industry booms in the 1930s.
While approximately 5,000 Mexicans enter Canada each year as temporary students or contract workers for agriculture, these are not counted as immigrants because of their explicitly temporary legal status. Unlike the United States’ Bracero program, the temporary-worker program in Canada has various mechanisms to discourage workers from overstaying their permits. On the other hand, there is a moderate number of Mexican citizens who, after not being able to attain legal status in the U.S., settle in Canada to try (and in many cases succeed) to secure a much more favorable path to citizenship.
Migrant workers from Mexico are prevalent in Leamington, Ontario's cucumber and tomato harvesting industry. Leamington has one of the largest Mexican communities in Canada. There are 2,700 Mexican immigrants living in Leamington, as of 2011.
In the Okanagan Valley of British Columbia, Mexican labourers are employed in the wine and orchard industries there. There is a sizable community of Mexicans living in Kelowna. In the summer of 2016, about 2,000 Mexican laborers were working on Okanagan Valley farms.
|Number of Mexican nationals granted permanent residence in Canada by year|
|Year||Number of Mexican nationals admitted||Total number of permanent residents admitted||Proportion of permanent residents admitted|
- Canadian immigration to Mexico
- Mexican Americans
- Mexicans in the United Kingdom
- Latin American Canadians
- Spanish Canadians
- , National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2011
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-10-07. Retrieved 2008-03-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Migrant workers: Who they are, where they're coming from". CBC.ca. February 7, 2012. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
- Garrity, Shaun (December 10, 2014). "Leamington worker tells stories of cartels in Mexico". The MediaPlex. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
- "NHS Profile, Leamington, MU, Ontario, 2011". NHS Statistics. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
- Stueck, Wendy. Mexican labourers keep B.C. wine flowing, The Globe and Mail, October 14, 2011
- NHS Profile, Kelowna, CY, British Columbia, 2011, National Household Survey
- Oliver gets a taste of Mexico, Penticton Western News, April 28, 2011
- Seymour, Ron (March 27, 2016). "Mexican labour in Okanagan will increase 10-15 per cent this summer". Penticton Herald. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-12-30. Retrieved 2013-01-10.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link), Facts and figures 2011 — Immigration overview: Permanent and temporary residents — Permanent residents[dead link]