Midland International Air and Space Port
Midland International Air and Space Port
2006 USGS photo
|Operator||City of Midland|
|Serves||Midland and Odessa, Texas|
|Location||Midland County, between Midland and Odessa, Texas, USA|
|Elevation AMSL||2,871 ft / 875 m|
Midland International Air and Space Port (IATA: MAF, ICAO: KMAF, FAA LID: MAF) (formerly Midland International Airport) is a city-owned international airport in the city limits of Midland, Texas, about midway between Downtown Midland and Downtown Odessa, owned and operated by the City of Midland. In September 2014 it became the first U.S. facility licensed by the Federal Aviation Administration to serve both airline flights and commercial spaceflight.
The airport has three airlines, two serving hubs with regional jets and one flying mainline jets. Southwest Airlines is the largest carrier at the airport. In 2012, 497,193 passengers were enplaned.
Midland International Air and Space Port started as Sloan Field, a small airport started in 1927 by Samuel Addison Sloan. Sloan leased 220 acres of flat grassland from Clarence Scharbauer, a rancher. Sam Sloan was killed in 1929 and his brother, William Harvey Sloan continued the operation. In 1939, Harvey Sloan sold the field to the City of Midland for $14,500.
As war clouds gathered over Europe in the late 1930s, Midland businessmen could foresee the possibility of a military base in West Texas and in 1940 they started promoting the airfield for use as a training base to the military establishment in Washington. The airfield was upgraded by the Works Progress Administration with runway and taxiway improvements and lighting. Brigadier General G.C. Brant, Commander of the Gulf Coast Air Corps Training Center at Randolph Field, visited and reported that the situation at Midland was favorable. On June 13, 1941 it was announced that Midland would become a training base, Midland Army Air Field
World War II
Midland Army Air Field was home to the Army Air Forces Bombardier School, one of a dozen bombardier-training schools. It was one of the "West Texas Bombardier Quadrangle" schools of the Army Air Forces Training Command, along with Childress Army Airfield, San Angelo Army Airfield and Big Spring Army Airfield. The sole purpose of the Bombardier College was to train young men to use the Norden bombsight.
The first group of cadets, Class 42–6, arrived for training from Ellington, Texas, on February 6, 1942. Midland reached a peak base population of more than 4,000 and graduated a total of 6,627 bombardier officers by the conclusion of the training mission on January 1, 1946.
Postwar civil use
The City of Midland annexed much of the land housing the airport on April 26, 1946, while a piece that became a part of a runway was annexed on February 25, 1964.
Midland-Odessa Regional Airport opened its new passenger terminal in the early 1960s. It was served by Continental Airlines and Trans-Texas Airways (and American Airlines, until 1963); the first jets were Continental Boeing 707s in 1965. The terminal had a scalloped roofline, allowing a column-free interior. All services - ticketing, baggage claim and concessions, were inside the building, and a single departure lounge opened onto the apron.
The late 1970s 'oil boom' led to economic growth and more flights by incumbent airlines and new entrants like Southwest Airlines; American Airlines returned in June 1981 and America West arrived in 1987. A new gate area was built along the apron with four second-level gates with jet bridges, concession space and escalator wells linking the addition to the existing terminal. The south end of the main terminal was extended with more ticketing space and the original terminal was modernized (the scalloped roofline was removed).
By the 1990s several new-entrant carriers had pulled out and most of the rest had downgraded to regional jets; only Southwest, the airport's largest carrier, operated mainline jets. The terminal building looked tired, and airport officials began planning a replacement. Construction began (in the infield parking lot) in 1996. The first half of the new terminal opened in early 1999 and the 1966 terminal was demolished. The second half of the new terminal was finished in late 1999. The first airplane built and flown in Texas, the "Pliska" (an approximate copy of the Wright Flyer II) was donated to the airport and is displayed in the terminal over the baggage-claim area.
In 2012 the Midland City Council amended a contract allowing three teams of experts – Midland International Airport, Parkhill, and Smith & Cooper – to prepare and submit a commercial space launch site application. On September 17, 2014, the Federal Aviation Administration formally approved the application, making Midland International Airport the first primary commercial service airport to be certified as a spaceport. The primary purpose of the launch site is to permit XCOR Aerospace to test its highly specialized reusable winged commercial space vehicle, XCOR Lynx. The company relocated its headquarters to the Midland International Airport from where it plans to offer commercial space flights. The XCOR research & development facility was planned to be located at the airport as part of a $10 million economic development incentive deal. As XCOR froze Lynx development in June 2016, Midland Development Corp. is looking for other space companies to use the facilities.
- 4/22: 4,605 ft × 75 ft (1,404 m × 23 m)
- 10/28: 8,302 ft × 150 ft (2,530 m × 46 m)
- 16L/34R: 4,339 ft × 100 ft (1,323 m × 30 m)
- 16R/34L: 9,501 ft × 150 ft (2,896 m × 46 m)
In the year ending May 31, 2017 the airport had 66,168 aircraft operations, average 181 per day, comprising 25% military, 43% general aviation, 13% air taxi and 19% airline. 106 aircraft were then based at the airport: 34% single-engine propeller, 35% multi-engine propeller, 28% jet and 3% helicopter.
Airlines and destinations
|2||Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas||96,000||American Eagle|
|3||Houston–Intercontinental, Texas||84,000||United Express|
|5||Las Vegas, Nevada||38,000||Southwest|
|6||Denver, Colorado||33,000||United Express|
|7||Phoenix-Sky Harbor, Arizona||11,000||American|
- Midland International Airport, official site
- FAA Airport Master Record for MAF ( PDF), effective June 5, 2008
- "Zoning Map". City of Midland. Retrieved May 12, 2019.
- Aviation Week & Space Technology, "Spaceflight Scheduling", September 22, 2014, p. 16
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 3, 2013. Retrieved August 27, 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Annexations". City of Midland. Retrieved May 12, 2019.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 28, 2013. Retrieved October 8, 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) Midland International Airport website
- "Commemorative Air Force Moving Headquarters to Dallas". NBC. Associated Press. April 29, 2014. Retrieved September 7, 2017.
- Jasper, Simone (August 27, 2016). "CAF High Sky Wing hosts 26th annual Midland AirSho". mrt.com. Hearst Newspapers. Retrieved September 7, 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 18, 2013. Retrieved August 3, 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved January 10, 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Howes, Trevor (June 4, 2016). "Despite XCOR setback, space industry in Midland continues to grow". Midland Reporter-Telegram.
AST&Science selects Midland International Air & Spaceport as Global Headquarters, Nov 2018, https://spacenews.com/astscience-midland/
- Official website
- (PDF), effective May 23, 2019
- FAA Terminal Procedures for MAF, effective May 23, 2019
- Resources for this airport: