|National origin||Soviet Union|
|Developed from||Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21|
The Mikoyan-Gurevich Ye-8 was a supersonic jet fighter developed in the Soviet Union from and to replace the MiG-21 (originally named MiG-23). Only two prototypes were built in 1960-61. The original MiG-21's air intakes were moved under the fuselage, freeing up the nose where a larger and more powerful radar, able to deliver longer range air-to-air missiles, could be built in. Canards were built to both sides of the nose, in front of the cockpit, (the horizontal stabilizers of MiG-21 were left at their original position).
The two prototypes flew in 1962. On September 11, 1962, the Tumansky R-21F-300 engine, also under development, exploded in midair at a speed of Mach 2.15. Test pilot Georgy Konstantinovich Mosolov, then one of the leading Soviet test pilots, was severely injured by debris from the compressor and had to eject at Mach 1.78.
Data from MiG: Fifty Years of Secret Aircraft Design
- Crew: 1
- Length: 14.90 m (48 ft 10⅝ in)
- Wingspan: 7.15 m (23 ft 5¾ in)
- Height: ()
- Wing area: 23.13 m² (249 ft²)
- Loaded weight: 14,985 lb (6,800 kg)
- Max. takeoff weight: 8,200 kg (18,070 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Tumansky R-21 turbojet
- Dry thrust: 46.05 kN (10,330 lbf)
- Thrust with afterburner: 70.55 kN (15,820 lbf)
- Maximum speed: Mach 1.81 (2,230 km/h; 1,386 mph) at 12,000 m (39,360 ft)
- Service ceiling: 20,000 m (65,600 ft)
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Convair F-106X
- Dassault Mirage
- Douglas F5D
- English Electric Lightning F3/F6
- Grumman F11F-1F
- McDonnell Douglas F-4C
- Iranian aerial victories during the Iran–Iraq war
- Iraqi aerial victories during the Iran–Iraq war
- List of military aircraft of the Soviet Union and the CIS
- List of fighter aircraft
- Belyakov, R.A; Marmain, J. (1994). MiG: Fifty Years of Secret Aircraft Design. Shrewsbury, UK: Airlife Publishing. ISBN 1-85310-488-4.
- Gunston, Bill (1995). The Osprey Encyclopedia of Russian Aircraft 1875–1995. London: Osprey. ISBN 1-85532-405-9.
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