Most professional militaries employ specialised military nurses. They are often organised as a distinct nursing corps. Florence Nightingale formed the first nucleus of a recognised Nursing Service for the British Army during the Crimean War in 1854. In the same theatre of the same war, Professor Nikolai Ivanovich Pirogov and the Grand Duchess Yelena Pavlovna originated Russian traditions of recruiting and training military nurses - associated especially with besieged Sevastopol (1854-1855). Following the war Nightingale fought to institute the employment of women nurses in British military hospitals, and by 1860 she had succeeded in establishing an Army Training School for military nurses at the Royal Victoria Military Hospital in Netley, Hampshire, England.
Well-known nursing corps
- U.S. Army Nurse Corps, a special branch of the Army Medical Department (United States)
- Queen Alexandra's Royal Army Nursing Corps, a specialist corps of the Army Medical Services of the British Army
- Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps
- U.S. Navy Nurse Corps, a staff corps of the United States Navy
- U.S. Air Force Nurse Corps
- Military Nursing Service (India)