Miner County, South Dakota

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Miner County
Map of South Dakota highlighting Miner County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 44°01′N 97°37′W / 44.02°N 97.61°W / 44.02; -97.61
Country United States
State South Dakota
Founded1873 (created)
1880 (organized)
Named forNelson Miner and Ephriam Miner
SeatHoward
Largest cityHoward
Area
 • Total572 sq mi (1,480 km2)
 • Land570 sq mi (1,500 km2)
 • Water1.6 sq mi (4 km2)  0.3%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total2,389
 • Estimate 
(2018)
2,213
 • Density4.2/sq mi (1.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitewww.minercountysd.org

Miner County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 2,389.[1] Its county seat is Howard. The county was created in 1873 and organized in 1880.

History[edit]

The area is situated on the site of Dakota Sioux trails that connected two sites of cultural significance to the Dakota people, the pipestone quarries in southwestern Minnesota and the Sioux Crossing of the Three Rivers, near present-day Fort Thompson.[2] South Dakota Highway 34 now roughly follows this route.

The Fort Ridgely and South Pass Wagon Road, also known as Nobles Trail, the first road in Dakota Territory, passed through the area. It was made in 1857, connecting Fort Ridgley, Minnesota with South Pass in Wyoming Territory, along the Oregon Trail. The Minnesota and Powder River Road of 1865 also passed through the county.[2]

The boundaries of present-day Miner County experienced several changes during territorial times. The county was established in 1873 by the [[ Dakota Territory|Dakota Territorial Legislature]] when Hanson County was divided into several parts.[3] It was named for Ephriam Miner, a territorial legislator, and Nelson Miner, a territorial legislator and captain in the 1st Dakota Cavalry. At the time, Miner County spanned the southern half of present-day Miner and Sanborn counties; Bramble County (now extinct) spanned the northern portion of these counties.[4] In 1879 the legislature combined Miner, Bramble, and portions of Wetmore counties, and eliminated the latter two. The new Miner County was organized the following year with Forestburg as the county seat. In 1883 the county was divided; the western portion being renamed Sanborn County, and the eastern portion retaining the name Miner County. Howard was named the county seat of Miner County.[4][5]

In 1881 the Milwaukee Road railroad opened tracks in Miner County that followed Fort Ridgely Road from east to west, connecting Madison to Woonsocket.[6] The Chicago and North Western railroad opened tracks from Hawarden, Iowa, to Iroquois, crossing northwest across the county in 1882.[6] These railroads have since abandoned their tracks in the county.

The first settler in Miner County was Matthew A. Moore, who homesteaded near the present site of Howard in the spring of 1879. Significant homesteading started in the latter part of 1879 and concluded in 1884, when all available government land had been claimed. Settlers were primarily Norwegian, German, Danish, Welsh, Irish and Swedish.[7]

On August 28, 1884, the second known photograph of a tornado was taken in Miner County. See 1884 Howard, South Dakota tornado.[8]

The current Miner County Courthouse was built in 1938 at a cost of $107,000 by the Great Depression-era Public Works Administration and was dedicated on September 26, 1938.[7]

On June 13, 1943, two B-17 bombers from the 393rd Bomb Group of the Sioux City Army Air Base collided while on a training exercise over Miner County. One plane crashed immediately, and the other made a controlled landing in a creek bed several miles away. Eleven airmen were killed.[9]

Geography[edit]

The terrain of Miner County consists of rolling hills, dotted with lakes and ponds, and generally devoted to agriculture.[10] The terrain generally slopes to the south and southwest, with its highest point occurring along the north boundary line in the NE part of the county, at 1,729' (530m) ASL.[11] The county has a total area of 572 square miles (1,480 km2), of which 570 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.3%) is water.[12]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[10][edit]

  • Bitter Lake Public Shooting Area
  • Burke Slough Public Shooting Area
  • Morris Lake Public Shooting Area
  • Twin Lakes Public Shooting Area

Lakes[10][edit]

  • Bitter Lake
  • Glee Lake
  • Lake Carthage
  • Lake Thompson
  • Morris Lake
  • Ness Chain Lake
  • Stone House Lake
  • Twin Lakes

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880363
18905,1651,322.9%
19005,86413.5%
19107,66130.6%
19208,56011.7%
19308,376−2.1%
19406,836−18.4%
19506,268−8.3%
19605,398−13.9%
19704,454−17.5%
19803,739−16.1%
19903,272−12.5%
20002,884−11.9%
20102,389−17.2%
Est. 20182,213[13]−7.4%
US Decennial Census[14]
1790-1960[15] 1900-1990[16]
1990-2000[17] 2010-2018[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[18] there were 2,884 people, 1,212 households, and 789 families in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 1,408 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.75% White, 0.52% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.10% from other races, and 0.21% from two or more races. 0.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,212 households out of which 28.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.50% were married couples living together, 5.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.90% were non-families. 32.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.98.

The county population contained 25.50% under the age of 18, 5.60% from 18 to 24, 22.70% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 23.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 99.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,519, and the median income for a family was $36,667. Males had a median income of $25,297 versus $20,469 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,155. About 8.20% of families and 11.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.70% of those under age 18 and 13.20% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,389 people, 1,032 households, and 606 families in the county.[19] The population density was 4.2 inhabitants per square mile (1.6/km2). There were 1,308 housing units at an average density of 2.3 per square mile (0.89/km2).[20] The racial makeup of the county was 97.8% white, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.7% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.3% of the population.[19] In terms of ancestry, 54.2% were German, 20.7% were Norwegian, 12.4% were Irish, 5.7% were English, 5.7% were Swedish, and 4.2% were American.[21]

Of the 1,032 households, 24.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.3% were non-families, and 37.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.97. The median age was 46.4 years.[19]

The median income for a household in the county was $43,958 and the median income for a family was $54,650. Males had a median income of $33,984 versus $25,221 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,450. About 2.7% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.2% of those under age 18 and 15.4% of those age 65 or over.[22]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[10][edit]

Ghost Town(s)[edit]

Townships[edit]

  • Adams
  • Beaver
  • Belleview
  • Canova
  • Carthage
  • Clearwater
  • Clinton
  • Grafton
  • Green Valley
  • Henden
  • Howard
  • Miner
  • Redstone
  • Rock Creek
  • Roswell
  • Vermillion

Politics[edit]

Miner County voters have tended to vote Republican the past two decades. In 57% of the national elections since 1960, the county selected the Democratic Party candidate.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[23]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 66.4% 706 26.4% 281 7.2% 77
2012 55.8% 636 42.0% 479 2.2% 25
2008 47.4% 577 49.7% 605 3.0% 36
2004 55.1% 810 43.6% 641 1.3% 19
2000 57.2% 724 41.3% 523 1.5% 19
1996 38.4% 571 49.6% 739 12.0% 179
1992 34.3% 543 44.1% 698 21.7% 343
1988 45.3% 795 54.4% 955 0.3% 5
1984 50.8% 1,004 48.6% 960 0.7% 13
1980 54.0% 1,172 38.4% 833 7.7% 166
1976 39.2% 839 60.2% 1,289 0.6% 12
1972 44.0% 1,059 55.6% 1,337 0.4% 9
1968 43.7% 1,045 52.5% 1,255 3.9% 92
1964 36.0% 945 64.0% 1,679
1960 51.1% 1,377 48.9% 1,316
1956 49.0% 1,456 51.0% 1,517
1952 65.6% 1,964 34.4% 1,029
1948 45.9% 1,188 53.1% 1,373 1.0% 26
1944 58.6% 1,544 41.4% 1,090
1940 60.6% 2,095 39.5% 1,365
1936 38.8% 1,377 57.7% 2,051 3.5% 124
1932 28.6% 976 68.3% 2,332 3.2% 108
1928 59.4% 1,990 40.0% 1,341 0.6% 21
1924 35.7% 995 11.0% 308 53.3% 1,488
1920 56.7% 1,450 25.5% 651 17.8% 455
1916 52.2% 1,006 45.7% 880 2.1% 41
1912 0.0% 0 43.4% 720 56.6% 938
1908 53.9% 906 42.9% 720 3.2% 54
1904 61.3% 893 32.6% 475 6.1% 89
1900 48.0% 662 50.5% 697 1.5% 20
1896 45.1% 582 54.6% 705 0.4% 5
1892 38.6% 486 23.0% 290 38.4% 484

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "South Dakota State Historical Society Markers" (PDF). South Dakota State Historical Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 24, 2015. Retrieved November 28, 2015.
  3. ^ "DT, ND, SD: Individual County Chronologies". publications.newberry.org. Retrieved November 28, 2015.
  4. ^ a b Robinson, Doane (January 1, 1904). History of South Dakota. B. F. Bowen.
  5. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
  6. ^ a b "South Dakota's Railroads" (PDF). South Dakota State Historic Preservation Office. p. 80. Retrieved November 28, 2015.
  7. ^ a b Prairie Tamers of Miner County, South Dakota. Prepared by the Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration in South Dakota. 1939.
  8. ^ "AMS Journals Online". Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 65: 360–364. doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1984)065<0360:etp>2.0.co;2.
  9. ^ "The Crash of the Flying Sioux - South Dakota Historical Markers on Waymarking.com". www.waymarking.com. Retrieved November 28, 2015.
  10. ^ a b c d Miner County SD Google Maps (accessed 7 February 2019)
  11. ^ "Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed 7 February 2019)
  12. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  13. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  14. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  16. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  18. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  19. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  20. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  21. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  22. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  23. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 15, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°01′N 97°37′W / 44.02°N 97.61°W / 44.02; -97.61