Minister of Fisheries, Oceans, and the Canadian Coast Guard

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Minister of Fisheries, Oceans, and the Canadian Coast Guard
Government of Canada signature.svg
Bernadette Jordan.jpg
Incumbent
Bernadette Jordan

since November 20, 2019
Department of Fisheries and Oceans
StyleThe Honourable
Member of
AppointerGovernor General of Canada
Term lengthAt Her Majesty's pleasure
PrecursorMinister of Fisheries and the Environment
Inaugural holderRoméo LeBlanc
Formation2 April 1979
Salary$255,300 (2017)[1]
Websitewww.dfo-mpo.gc.ca
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The Minister of Fisheries, Oceans, and the Canadian Coast Guard (French: Ministre des Pêches, des Océans et de la Garde côtière canadienne), legally the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, is the Minister of the Crown in the Canadian Cabinet who is responsible for supervising the fishing industry, administrating all navigable waterways in the country, and overseeing the operations of the Canadian Coast Guard and the Freshwater Fish Marketing Corporation.

The minister is the head of the federal government's marine department, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, often referred to by its older (and technical) name Department of Fisheries and Oceans.

History[edit]

There had been a Minister of Marine and Fisheries since Confederation in 1867. The role was split in two in 1930, with duties related to fisheries going to the new Minister of Fisheries,[2] and all other responsibilities going to the new Minister of Marine,[3] which merged into the role of Minister of Transport a few years later.[4]

The Minister of Fisheries lasted from 1930 to 1969, at which point it was abolished and merged with Forestry to form the Minister of Fisheries and Forestry.[5] This role lasted only two years, until 1971, when the role of Minister of Fisheries became a secondary role held concurrently by the Minister of the Environment.[6]. The Fisheries portfolio was assigned to Roméo LeBlanc as the Minister of State (Fisheries) in 1974, to assist the Minister of the Environment. LeBlanc was appointed Minister of the Environment in 1976, styled as Minister of Fisheries and Environment.

In 1979, the modern role of Minister of Fisheries and Oceans was established,[7] which has continued under various names since then. Hunter Tootoo was the first Indigenous individual to hold this portfolio, from 4 November 2015 until 31 May 2016.[8] The current Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard is Bernadette Jordan.[9]

Ministers of Marine and Fisheries (1867-1930)[edit]

Key:

No. Portrait Name Term of office Political party Ministry
1 Peter Mitchell.jpg Peter Mitchell July 1, 1867 November 5, 1873 Liberal-Conservative 1 (Macdonald)
2 Albert James Smith.jpg Sir Albert James Smith November 7, 1873 October 8, 1878 Liberal 2 (Mackenzie)
3 JamesColledgePope.jpg James Colledge Pope October 19, 1878 July 9, 1882 Conservative (historical) 3 (Macdonald)
4 Archibald Woodbury McLelan.jpg Archibald McLelan July 10, 1882 December 9, 1885 Conservative (historical)
5 George Eulas Foster.jpg George Foster December 10, 1885 May 28, 1888 Conservative (historical)
6 Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper.jpg Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper June 1, 1888 June 6, 1891 Conservative (historical)
June 16, 1891 November 24, 1892 4 (Abbott)
December 5, 1892 December 12, 1894 5 (Thompson)
7 John Costigan.jpg John Costigan December 21, 1894 April 27, 1896 Liberal-Conservative 6 (Bowell)
May 1, 1896 July 8, 1896 7 (Tupper)
8 LouisHenryDavies.jpg Sir Louis Henry Davies July 13, 1896 September 24, 1901 Liberal 8 (Laurier)
9 James Sutherland.jpg James Sutherland January 15, 1902 November 10, 1902 Liberal
10 Raymond Prefontaine.JPG Raymond Préfontaine November 11, 1902 January 5, 1905 Liberal
The Honourable Sir Wilfrid Laurier Photo C (HS85-10-16873) - tight crop.jpg Sir Wilfrid Laurier
(acting)
January 6, 1906 February 5, 1906 Liberal
11 Louis Philippe Brodeur.jpg Louis-Philippe Brodeur February 6, 1906 August 10, 1911 Liberal
12 Rodolphe Lemieux.jpg Rodolphe Lemieux August 11, 1911 October 6, 1911 Liberal
13 John Douglas Hazen.jpg John Douglas Hazen October 10, 1911 October 12, 1917 Conservative (historical) 9 (Borden)
14 Charles Ballantyne.jpg Charles Ballantyne October 13, 1917 July 10, 1920 Unionist 10 (Borden)
July 10, 1920 December 29, 1921 11 (Meighen)
15 ErnestLapointe.jpg Ernest Lapointe December 29, 1921 January 29, 1924 Liberal 12 (King)
16 Arthur Cardin.jpg Arthur Cardin
(1st time)
January 30, 1924 June 28, 1926 Liberal
No image.svg William Anderson Black
(acting)
June 29, 1926 July 12, 1926 Conservative (historical) 13 (Meighen)
17 Esioff-Léon Patenaude.png Esioff-Léon Patenaude July 13, 1926 September 25, 1926 Conservative (historical)
(16) Arthur Cardin.jpg Arthur Cardin
(2nd time)
September 25, 1926 June 13, 1930 Liberal 14 (King)
Marine portfolio moved to Minister of Marine, Fisheries portfolio moved to Minister of Fisheries.

Ministers of Fisheries (1930-1969)[edit]

Key:

  Historical conservative parties: Conservative (historical), Progressive Conservative
No. Portrait Name Term of office Political party Ministry
1 Cyrus Macmillan June 17, 1930 August 7, 1930 Liberal 14 (King)
2 Edgar Nelson Rhodes.jpg Edgar Nelson Rhodes August 7, 1930 February 2, 1932 Conservative (historical) 15 (Bennett)
Alfred Duranleau (acting) February 2, 1932 November 16, 1934 Conservative (historical)
Grote Stirling (acting) November 17, 1934 August 13, 1935 Conservative (historical)
3 William Gordon Ernst August 14, 1935 October 23, 1935 Conservative (historical)
4 Joseph Enoil Michaud.jpg Joseph-Enoil Michaud October 23, 1935 October 5, 1942 Liberal 16 (King)
5 Ernest Bertrand.jpg Ernest Bertrand October 7, 1942 August 28, 1945 Liberal
6 Hedley Francis Gregory Bridges August 30, 1945 August 10, 1947 Liberal
Ernest Bertrand.jpg Ernest Bertrand (acting) August 14, 1947 September 1, 1947 Liberal
7 Milton Fowler Gregg September 2, 1947 January 18, 1948 Liberal
8 James Angus MacKinnon January 19, 1948 June 10, 1948 Liberal
9 Robert Mayhew June 11, 1948 November 15, 1948 Liberal
November 15, 1948 October 14, 1952 17 (St. Laurent)
10 James Sinclair.jpg James Sinclair October 15, 1952 June 21, 1957 Liberal
11 Angus MacLean June 21, 1957 April 22, 1963 Progressive Conservative 18 (Diefenbaker)
12 Hédard Robichaud April 22, 1963 April 20, 1968 Liberal 19 (Pearson)
April 20, 1968 July 5, 1968 20 (P. E. Trudeau)
13 Jack Davis July 6, 1968 March 31, 1969 Liberal
Fisheries portfolio moved to Minister of Fisheries and Forestry.

Ministers of Fisheries and Forestry (1969-1971)[edit]

Key:

No. Portrait Name Term of office Political party Ministry
1 Jack Davis April 1, 1969 June 10, 1971 Liberal 20 (P. E. Trudeau)
Fisheries portfolio held concurrently with Minister of Environment.

Ministers responsible for Fisheries through the Department of Environment (1971-1979)[edit]

Key:

No. Portrait Name Term of office Political party Ministry
Minister of Environment & Minister of Fisheries (held concurrently)
No image.svg Jack Davis June 11, 1971 August 7, 1974 Liberal 20 (P. E. Trudeau)
Minister of State (Fisheries)
No image.svg Roméo LeBlanc August 8, 1974 September 13, 1976 Liberal 20 (P. E. Trudeau)
Minister of Fisheries and the Environment
No image.svg Roméo LeBlanc September 14, 1976 April 1, 1979 Liberal 20 (P. E. Trudeau)
Fisheries portfolio moved to Minister of Fisheries and Oceans.

Ministers of Fisheries and Oceans (1979-present)[edit]

Key:

No. Portrait Name Term of office Political party Ministry
Ministers of Fisheries and Oceans
1 Roméo LeBlanc (1st time) April 2, 1979 June 3, 1979 Liberal 20 (P. E. Trudeau)
2 James McGrath June 4, 1979 March 2, 1980 Progressive Conservative 21 (Clark)
(1) Roméo LeBlanc (2nd time) March 3, 1980 September 29, 1982 Liberal 22 (P. E. Trudeau)
3 Pierre de Bané September 30, 1982 June 29, 1984 Liberal
4 Herb Breau June 30, 1984 September 16, 1984 Liberal 23rd (Turner)
5 John Fraser September 17, 1984 September 23, 1985 Progressive Conservative 24 (Mulroney)
Erik Nielsen (acting) September 23, 1985 November 19, 1985 Progressive Conservative
6 Tom Siddon November 20, 1985 February 22, 1990 Progressive Conservative
7 Bernard Valcourt February 23, 1990 April 20, 1991 Progressive Conservative
8 Crosbie 1983-2 crop.jpg John Crosbie April 21, 1991 June 24, 1993 Progressive Conservative
9 Ross Reid June 25, 1993 November 3, 1993 Progressive Conservative 25 (Campbell)
10 Briantobin.jpg Brian Tobin November 4, 1993 January 8, 1996 Liberal 26 (Chrétien)
David Dingwall (acting) January 9, 1996 January 24, 1996 Liberal
11 Fred Mifflin January 25, 1996 June 10, 1997 Liberal
12 David Anderson June 11, 1997 August 2, 1999 Liberal
13 Herb Dhaliwal August 3, 1999 January 14, 2002 Liberal
14 Robert Thibault January 15, 2002 December 11, 2003 Liberal
15 Geoff Regan MP.jpg Geoff Regan December 12, 2003 February 5, 2006 Liberal 27 (Martin)
16 Loyola Hearn February 6, 2006 October 30, 2008 Conservative 28 (Harper)
17 Gail Shea October 30, 2008 May 18, 2011 Conservative
18 Keith Ashfield May 18, 2011 July 15, 2013 Conservative
(17) Gail Shea (2nd time) July 15, 2013 November 4, 2015 Conservative
Ministers of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard
19 Hunter Tootoo 2015.jpg Hunter Tootoo November 4, 2015 May 31, 2016 Liberal 29 (J. Trudeau)
20 Dominic LeBlanc.jpg Dominic LeBlanc May 31, 2016 July 18, 2018 Liberal
21 Jonathan Wilkinson July 18, 2018 November 20, 2019 Liberal
22 Bernadette Jordan.jpg Bernadette Jordan November 20, 2019 Incumbent Liberal

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Indemnities, Salaries and Allowances". Parliament of Canada.
  2. ^ The Department of Fisheries Act, S.C. 20-21 George V, c. 21, Sch. 1
  3. ^ The Department of Marine Act, S.C. 20-21 George V, c. 31
  4. ^ "Sixteenth Ministry - The Ministries - Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation". Privy Council Office.
  5. ^ Government Organization Act, 1969, S.C. 1968-1969, c. 28, s. 2-6
  6. ^ Department of the Environment Act, S.C. 1970-1972, c. 42, s. 2-7
  7. ^ Government Organization Act, 1979, S.C. 1978-1979, c. 13, s. 2-7,33
  8. ^ "Full list of Justin Trudeau's cabinet 31-member cabinet includes 15 women, attempt at regional balance". CBC News. 2015-11-04.
  9. ^ Quon, Alexander (20 November 2019). "Jordan, LeBlanc among 4 MPs from Atlantic Canada named to federal cabinet". Global News. Retrieved 28 November 2019.