Minnesota's 5th congressional district

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Minnesota's 5th congressional district
Minnesota US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
Minnesota's 5th congressional district – since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Ilhan Omar
DMinneapolis
Area124[1] sq mi (320 km2)
Distribution
  • 100[2]% urban
  • 0% rural
Population (2016)708,082[3]
Median income$63,202[4]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+26[5]
External image
This govtrack.us map is a useful representation of the 5th CD's borders, based on Google Maps.

Minnesota's 5th congressional district is a geographically small urban and suburban congressional district in Minnesota. It covers eastern Hennepin County, including the entire city of Minneapolis, along with parts of Anoka and Ramsey counties. Besides Minneapolis, major cities in the district include St. Louis Park, Richfield, Crystal, Robbinsdale, Golden Valley, New Hope, and Fridley.

It was created in 1883 and was named the "Bloody Fifth" on account of the first election.[6] The contest between Knute Nelson and Charles F. Kindred involved graft, intimidation, and election fraud at every turn. The Republican convention on July 12 in Detroit Lakes was compared to the historic Battle of the Boyne in Ireland. One hundred and fifty delegates fought over eighty seats. After a scuffle in the main conference center, the Kindred and Nelson campaigns nominated each of their candidates.[7][8]

The district is strongly Democratic with a Cook Partisan Voting Index (CPVI) of D+26—by far the most Democratic district in the state.[5] The 5th is also the most Democratic district in the Upper Midwest. The Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party (DFL) has held the seat without interruption since 1963, and the Republicans have not tallied more than 40 percent of the vote in almost half a century.

The district is represented by Ilhan Omar, the first Somali American to ever serve in the U.S. House of Representatives, and the first black woman to represent Minnesota in that chamber. Omar, also Muslim American, succeeded future Minnesota Attorney General Keith Ellison, the first Muslim American to serve in Congress.[9][10]

List of members representing the district[edit]

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history District location
District created March 4, 1883
Knute Nelson cph.3a45938.jpg
Knute Nelson
Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1889
48th
49th
50th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
1883–1893
[Data unknown/missing.]
Solomon Gilman Comstock Republican March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
51st [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Kittel Halvorson Populist March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
52nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Loren Fletcher-Atwater.jpg
Loren Fletcher
Republican March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1903
53rd
54th
55th
56th
57th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
1893–1903
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Lind.jpg
John Lind
Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
58th [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
1903–1913
[Data unknown/missing.]
Loren Fletcher-Atwater.jpg
Loren Fletcher
Republican March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1907
59th [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
FrankNye.jpg
Frank Mellen Nye
Republican March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1913
60th
61st
62nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
GeorgeRSMith.jpg
George Ross Smith
Republican March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1917
63rd
64th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
1913–1933
[Data unknown/missing.]
ErnestLundeen.jpg
Ernest Lundeen
Republican March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1919
65th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost renomination.
WalterNewton.jpg
Walter Hughes Newton
Republican March 4, 1919 –
June 30, 1929
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned when appointed secretary to President Herbert Hoover
Vacant June 30, 1929 –
July 17, 1929
71st
William Ignatius Nolan.jpg
William Ignatius Nolan
Republican July 17, 1929 –
March 3, 1933
71st
72nd
Elected to finish Newton's term.
Lost re-election.
District not in use March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
73rd All representatives elected at-large on a general ticket.
TheodoreChristianson.jpg
Theodore Christianson
Republican January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1937
74th [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
1935–1943
[Data unknown/missing.]
DeweyJohnson.jpg
Dewey William Johnson
Farmer–Labor January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
75th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Oscar Ferdinand Youngdahl Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1943
76th
77th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost renomination.
Walter Judd.jpg
Walter Henry Judd
Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1963
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
1943–1953
[Data unknown/missing.]
1953–1963
[Data unknown/missing.]
1977 Congressional Pictorial Donald Fraser.jpg
Donald M. Fraser
Democratic–Farmer–Labor January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1979
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
1963–1973
[Data unknown/missing.]
1973–1983
[Data unknown/missing.]
MartinSabo.jpeg
Martin Olav Sabo
Democratic–Farmer–Labor January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 2007
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
1983–1993
[Data unknown/missing.]
1993–2003
[Data unknown/missing.]
2003–2013
United States House of Representatives, Minnesota District 5 map.png
Keith Ellison portrait (cropped).jpg
Keith Ellison
Democratic–Farmer–Labor January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2019
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for Attorney General of Minnesota.
2013–Present
Minnesota US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
Ilhan Omar, official portrait, 116th Congress (cropped).jpg
Ilhan Omar
Democratic–Farmer–Labor January 3, 2019 –
Present
116th Elected in 2018.

Elections[edit]

2002[edit]

2002 Minnesota 5th congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
DFL Martin Sabo 171,572 67
Republican Daniel Mathias 66,271 25.9
Green Tim Davis 17,825 7

2004[edit]

2004 Minnesota 5th congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
DFL Martin Sabo 218,434 69.7 +2.7
Republican Daniel Mathias 76,600 24.4 −1.5
Green Jay Pond 17,984 5.7 −1.3

2006[edit]

Congressman Martin Sabo, DFL retired after 26 years in the House. Keith Ellison, also a DFLer, replaced him. Although Ellison was endorsed by the DFL convention, four non-endorsed candidates ran strong campaigns against him in the DFL primary: Gail Dorfman, Mike Erlandson, Ember Reichgott Junge, and Jack Nelson Pallmeyer. Ellison won the primary with 41% of the vote. In the general election, he won with 56% of the vote against Jay Pond of the Green Party, Tammy Lee of the Independence Party and Alan Fine of the Republican Party. Ellison is the first Muslim member of the U.S. Congress.

2006 Minnesota 5th congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
DFL Keith Ellison 136,060 55.6 −14.1
Republican Alan Fine 52,263 21.3 −3.1
Independence Tammy Lee 51,456 21
Green Jay Pond 4,792 2 −3.7

2008[edit]

2008 Minnesota 5th congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
DFL Keith Ellison 228,776 70.9 +15.3
Republican Barb Davis White 71,020 22 +0.7
Independence Bill McGaughey 22,318 6.9 −14.9

2010[edit]

2010 Minnesota 5th congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
DFL Keith Ellison 154,833 67.7 −3.2
Republican Joel Demos 55,222 24.1 +2.1
Independent Lynne Torgerson 8,548 3.7
Independence Tom Schrunk 7,446 3.3 −3.6
Independent Progressive Michael James Cavlan 2,468 1.1

2012[edit]

2012 Minnesota 5th congressional district election[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
DFL Keith Ellison 262,102 74.5 +6.8
Republican Chris Fields 88,753 25.2 +1.1

2014[edit]

2014 Minnesota 5th congressional district election[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
DFL Keith Ellison 167,079 70.8 −3.7
Republican Doug Daggett 56,577 24.0 −1.2
Independence Lee Bauer 12,001 5.1 -

2016[edit]

2016 Minnesota 5th congressional district election[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
DFL Keith Ellison 249,964 69.1 −1.6
Republican Frank Drake 80,660 22.3 −1.7
LMN Dennis Schuller 30,759 8.5 -

2018[edit]

2018 Minnesota 5th congressional district election[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
DFL Ilhan Omar 267,703 78.0 +8.8
Republican Jennifer Zielinski 74,440 21.7 −0.6

Election results from recent statewide races[edit]

Year Office Winner and results
2000 President Al Gore (Democratic) 63–29%
2004 President John Kerry (Democratic) 71–28%
2008 President Barack Obama (Democratic) 74–24%
2012 President Barack Obama (Democratic) 74–24%
2016 President Hillary Clinton (Democratic) 74–19%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota congressional districts by urban and rural population and land area" (PDF). US Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved 2007-04-02.
  2. ^ Geography, US Census Bureau. "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (state-based)". www.census.gov. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  3. ^ Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  4. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=27&cd=05
  5. ^ a b "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  6. ^ Martin, Lawrence (2003-07-15). "Thursday Night Hikes: Capitol Hill/Cathedral Hill Hike Architecture Notes, Part 2". Retrieved 2007-02-27.
  7. ^ Martin, Lawrence (July 15, 2003). "Thursday Night Hikes: Capitol Hill/Cathedral Hill Hike Architecture Notes, Part 2". Retrieved February 27, 2007.
  8. ^ Carl Zapffe (1946). Brainerd, Minnesota, 1871–1946: Seventy-fifth Anniversary. Published under the auspices of the Brainerd Civic Association.
  9. ^ Ellison, Keith [@keithellison] (June 5, 2018). "Today I am announcing my candidacy to be the People's Lawyer, and to protect and defend all Minnesotans as your next Attorney General" (Tweet). Retrieved June 5, 2018 – via Twitter.
  10. ^ Bierschbach, Briana; Bakst, Brian; Pugmire, Tim (June 5, 2018). "Filing deadline drama: Rep. Omar jumps into race for Congress". Minnesota Public Radio. St. Paul, Minnesota: American Public Media Group. Retrieved August 19, 2018.
  11. ^ "Results General November 2, 2010; Results from Congressional District 05". Minnesota Secretary of State Election Reporting System. 2011-01-19. Archived from the original on April 3, 2012.
  12. ^ "2012 General Election Results – Minnesota Secretary of State". 2012-11-06. Archived from the original on November 6, 2012. Retrieved November 9, 2012.
  13. ^ "Ballotpedia:Minnesota's 5th Congressional District elections, 2014". Retrieved October 12, 2014.
  14. ^ "Minnesota U.S. House 5th District Results: Keith Ellison Wins". The New York Times. November 13, 2016. Retrieved November 13, 2016.
  15. ^ {{cite web | url=http://ballotpedia.org/Minnesota's_5th_Congressional_District_election,_2018#General_election_results | title= Ballotpedia: Minnesota's 5th Congressional District election, 2018 | accessdate=February 11, 2019

Coordinates: 44°58′52″N 93°17′39″W / 44.98111°N 93.29417°W / 44.98111; -93.29417