Miracle Village (community)

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Miracle Village is the nickname of a community on Muck City Road, about three miles east of Pahokee, Florida, that serves as a haven for registered sex offenders. (In 2014, the name was officially changed to City of Refuge, but it is still generally referred to as Miracle Village.[1]) It is arguably "in the middle of nowhere": rural, surrounded by sugar cane fields, in the most isolated and poorest part of Palm Beach County,[2][3] "where no tourist ever goes".[4] It is a 40-minute drive to get to a supermarket. The site was chosen because of its isolation; given that, the sex offender residence restrictions do not apply.

The complex of 54 duplexes and six family homes[5] is operated by Matthew 25 Ministries, an organization with the stated goal of providing prison aftercare. (The reference is to Matthew 25:36–40: "I was naked and you clothed me, I was sick and you visited me, I was in prison and you came to me..." "Truly, I say to you, as you did it to one of the least of these my brothers and sisters, you did it to me" (English Standard Version).[6]) According to their Web site, there is no religious discrimination; non-Christians are just as welcome.[7] The Executive Director in 2017 is Ted Rodarm, an ex-offender.[8] Also according to the organization's web site, they do not accept violent offenders or serial offenders, nor minister to pedophiles, which they define as "someone who can only become sexually aroused by a child".[9] It receives 10–20 applications a week, but only accepts 1 in 20;[10][4] residents participate in the selection process.[11] In October 2010, the community included 66 registered sex offenders;[12] by July 2013 there were 100;[11] and by 2017 it held 120.[8] The total population, including family members, is 200.[13] It is the largest community of registered sex offenders in the United States.[12] There are an additional 300 who have resided there but since moved on.[4]

In Pahokee an affiliated organization, Miracle Village Ministries, provides services, including transportation, to newly released prisoners. It describes itself on its Web site as "a faith-based prison aftercare ministry". Its office is at 2820 East Main Street.[14] "The community is so popular with sex offenders there is not enough room for them all so they have settled in a nearby town Pahokee with the help of a religious ministry."[15]


Miracle Village has been called "a profoundly Christian place", "a sanctuary".[16] It was created by Richard Witherow, a minister working in prisons for 30 years, who wrote and self-published The Modern Day Leper, attacking the way society treats sex offenders with what he calls punitive, illogical, and counterproductive laws.[17]:3 Witherow, who has since died,[10] and his wife Maggie[18][6] started Miracle Village in response to Florida's sex offender registration laws, that strictly limit where offenders may live.[19] (See Julia Tuttle Causeway sex offender colony.) Witherow, who was a private detective before entering the ministry, previously ran a ranch for sex offenders in rural and isolated Okeechobee County, Florida, that was forced to close because of zoning.[19]

Previously, the complex was known as Pelican Lake. It was built by U.S. Sugar in 1964 as housing for migrants working the sugar cane fields,[20][13][11] now replaced by machinery. After working out a deal with Matthew 25 Ministries to lease the property, the owner, Alston Management Inc., informed residents with school-age children that they would have to leave or be evicted.

Federal law prohibits discrimination against families with children, except in certain cases such as communities for the elderly.[21] Witherow was sued by the Legal Aid Society of Palm Beach County and the Florida Equal Justice Center on behalf of some residents.[22] In 2011 a federal judge found that Matthew 25 Ministries and Alston Management had violated the Federal Fair Housing Act.[23]

Relations with Pahokee[edit]

Miracle Village's relations with nearby Pahokee got off to a rough start, but have improved considerably. The day Pat Powers (resident and village manager) first approached the City Council in nearby Pahokee, "We were the plague. They wanted to hang us. They wanted to knock the crap out of us and they had to give us a police escort to leave."[10]

The mayor in 2009, Wayne Whitaker, stated that he was unaware that offenders were being recruited to live there and that he believed having so many live together would be "very, very risky."[24]

Bond with the First United Methodist Church of Pahokee[edit]

In 2011, Patti Aupperlee, new pastor of the First United Methodist Church, attended a service at the tiny chapel ("Jacob's Destiny") at Miracle Village and heard Chad Stoffel, a former music teacher, singing. She was spellbound. Since then, he took over as music director of her church and others from the village have joined her congregation; some serve as worship leaders. This has brought new life to an aging church congregation.[25] The congregation also offers a monthly birthday celebration and movie night.[26] Aupperlee, who herself was a victim of sexual abuse,[27] has been quoted as saying, like Witherow, "Our laws [regarding sex offenders] are not rational or even meaningful"[10][20] and "conditions applied to their release often have little to do with public safety."[20]

At first her church members were hostile, but they have become supportive of the Miracle Village members who attend their church, and this has much helped Miracle Village's relationship with Pahokee. "Initially skeptical residents have come to embrace this often despised population — even champion their shot at a second chance."[28]

In 2017, Aupperlee and Stoffel moved as a team from the Pahokee church to the United Methodist Church of the Palm Beaches, Patti as Senior Pastor and Chad as Praise & Worship Leader.[29]

Media attention[edit]


Allen, Greg (December 4, 2009). "Pastor Offers Sex Offenders A 'Miracle': A New Start". All Things Considered, National Public Radio. Retrieved January 25, 2018.


Noah Rabinowitz[edit]

On assignment for the German magazine Süddeutsche Zeitung (South German Times), American photographer Noah Rabinowitz took a series of photos of Miracle Village. They were published in 2013, with an article of 4,000 words in the magazine.[4][13][30]

Sofia Valiente[edit]

In 2014, photographer Sofia Valiente, who lives in nearby Belle Glade, published a book with the simple title of Miracle Village.[31] The unpaged book contains pictures of Miracle Village and its sex offender residents. Along with an introduction by Joseph Steinberg, a resident, describing what it is like to be picked up at the prison gate and driven to Miracle Village, the book reproduces 11 handwritten statements by registrants describing their offenses, plus a Dear John letter from an offender's wife saying she wants a divorce.[32][33][34][35] Most of the photos, plus others and text not in the book, are available on Valiente's Web site.[36] Many pictures of the area are posted on Valiente's Instagram site.[37]

"It is not just a documentary record of a shunned community, but an argument for understanding, rehabilitation, even forgiveness."[16]

Charles Ommanney[edit]

Photographer Charles Ommanney lived at Miracle Village for a week with the residents and in 2017 published 10 photographs, with brief commentary, in Politico magazine.[2]



Banished is a 15-minute video, produced by Journeyman.tv in 2013 and aired in 2014 by SBS Australia. It concludes with a focus on Pahokee's Methodist pastor Patti Auperlee, who has helped the sex offenders be accepted by the community. The reporter was Aaron Thomas.[9] The video is available on YouTube and a transcript is also available.[38]

Sex Offender Village[edit]

A New York Times "Op-Doc" (see Op-Ed) video, May 21, 2013. Focuses on the problems of the residents, many of whom are interviewed. Available on the newspaper's Web site.[39]

Second Chance Sex Offenders[edit]

On January 24, 2018, the BBC released its 58-minute documentary Stacey Dooley Investigates: Second Chance Sex Offenders, whose topic is Florida's sex offender policies, the toughest in the nation. Reporter Stacey Dooley interviews some officials who are hostile to sex offenders and believe they can never be rehabilitated, such as Florida Senator Lauren Book and Bradford County Sheriff Gordon Smith; the latter posts red signs in front of the residences of sexual predators (not all offenders). She concludes with Miracle Village, a remote settlement to which sex offenders are in effect banished, the only place where they can get a second chance.[40][41][15][42][43]


America is Hard To See (Off-Broadway play)[edit]

A research team from the Life Jacket Theater Company visited Pahokee for a week in October, 2015. Based on interviews, autobiographical statements, and court records the team collected, the Company presented America Is Hard to See in January and February, 2018. Author and director is Travis Russ, who is also an Associate Professor of Communications and Media Management at Fordham University.[25][44] The play is a fusion of personal interviews and texts written by the residents, with traditional Methodist hymns, lines from the sermons of Patti Auperlee, and original songs composed by Priscilla Holbrook. The central theme is whether there are limits to grace, whether or not sex offenders — all of them — can ever be forgiven. "A moving and unflinching play about darkness, uncertainty, and the painful process of healing in small-town America."[45][46][28][47]

When asked how many songs are in the work, Russ responded that there are eighteen "musical moments". Except for the hymns, each line of the songs is taken from the transcript of a statement by a Miracle Village resident, or from a sermon of minister Auperlee.[25]

"America Is Hard To See" is the title of a long poem by Robert Frost.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ Hu, Caitlin (March 3, 2015). "110 convicted sex offenders live in harmony in this small Florida town". Quartz. Retrieved December 9, 2017.
  2. ^ a b Fossett, Katelyn (December 7, 2017). "Inside the Remote, Little-Known Sanctuary for Sex Offenders". Politico. Retrieved January 20, 2018. Photographer Charles Ommanney lived at Miracle Village for a week with the residents and tried to capture what it was like to live on the other side of America's sex offender laws.
  3. ^ Reimann, Marina (July 8, 2015). "6 Of The Weirdest Tiny Towns In The United States". cracked.com. Retrieved January 25, 2018. Among the new residents were men convicted of looking at child pornography, young guys who had underage girlfriends, guys who exposed themselves in public, a guy who got caught urinating in public, and actual child molesters. Oh, and one woman sex offender. Just one.
  4. ^ a b c d Fellman, Max (2013). "Leben auf Abstand (Living at a Distance)". Süddeutsche Zeitung. 50.
  5. ^ McGovern, Suzanne (March 21, 2018). "Miracle Village story takes center stage off-Broadway". Florida Conference of the United Methodist Church. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Introducing Maggie Witherow". Matthew 25 Ministries Newsletter. October 2017. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
  7. ^ Matthew 25 Ministries (2017). "FAQ". Retrieved February 4, 2018.
  8. ^ a b "We'd Like You to Get to Know Us". Matthew 25 Ministries Newsletter. September 2017. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Miracle Village: A Secret & Secluded Town for Sex Offenders in Florida". First to Know. January 8, 2015. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d Usborne, David (August 16, 2013). "Miracle Village: Sex offenders are welcome". The Independent.
  11. ^ a b c Linda Pressly (31 July 2013). "The village where half the population are sex offenders". BBC News. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
  12. ^ a b Gutman, Matt; Litoff, Akyssa (October 8, 2010). "Sex Offenders Find Safe Haven in 'Miracle Village'". Nightline (ABC News). Retrieved January 20, 2018.
  13. ^ a b c Rabinowitz, Noah. "Miracle Village". Retrieved January 20, 2018.
  14. ^ "Welcome to Miracle Village Ministries". Retrieved January 20, 2018.
  15. ^ a b Myall, Steve (January 16, 2018). "Inside the secret community dubbed Miracle Village where 100 child sex offenders live in isolation cut off from normal society". Daily Mirror. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
  16. ^ a b O'Hagen, Sean (January 19, 2015). "Miracle Village: the sleepy Florida town for sex offenders". The Guardian. Retrieved February 4, 2018.
  17. ^ Witherow, Dick (2009). The Modern Day Leper. BookSurge (self-published). ISBN 978-1439208298.
  18. ^ Matthew 25 Ministries (September 2014). "Newsletter". Retrieved January 20, 2018.
  19. ^ a b Allen, Greg (December 4, 2009). "Pastor Offers Sex Offenders A 'Miracle': A New Start". All Things Considered, National Public Radio. Retrieved January 25, 2018. Florida became one of the first states to pass laws restricting where sex offenders could live after they're released from prison — effectively banning them from some communities.
  20. ^ a b c Wolford, Ben (August 1, 2013). "Sex offenders, Pahokee congregation forge unlikely bond". Tampa Bay Times.
  21. ^ Mitra Malek (January 29, 2009). Housing for ex-inmates raises rancor in Pahokee[dead link], The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved on February 22, 2011.
  22. ^ Florida Ex-Offenders Find Safe Harbor Archived 2011-07-26 at the Wayback Machine, Justice Fellowship. Retrieved on February 22, 2011.
  23. ^ Musgrave, Jane (November 5, 2011). "Religious group that evicted families to house sex offenders violated federal law, judge rules". Palm Beach Post. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
  24. ^ Carlos Miller (September 27, 2009). Community Caters to Sex Offenders, NBC Miami. Retrieved on February 22, 2011.
  25. ^ a b c Host: Robin Shannon (January 25, 2018). "Miracle Village — America Is Hard To See". Fordham Conversations. 30 minutes in. WFUV. Retrieved February 4, 2018.
  26. ^ Green, Susan (June 10, 2015). "Fresh Expressions takes root in Florida". Florida Conference of the United Methodist Church. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
  27. ^ Aupperlee, Patti (November 2, 2017). "Church of the Second Chance". Ministry Matters. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  28. ^ a b Schindler, Anne (December 4, 2015). "Florida sex offender story moves to New York stage". Des Moines Register and Iowa City Press-Citizen. Retrieved February 5, 2018.
  29. ^ "Meet the Staff". United Methodist Church of the Palm Beaches. Retrieved July 31, 2018.
  30. ^ Christie, Joel (September 6, 2014). "Inside the tiny town built for sex offenders: The spiritual 'safe haven' in Florida where 200 criminals and their relatives live side-by-side". Daily Mail. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
  31. ^ Sofia Valiente (2014). Miracle Village. Catena de Villorba (Italy): Fabrica. ISBN 9788898764273.
  32. ^ Thompson, Marcus (January 28, 2015). "Inside Miracle Village, Florida's Isolated Community of Sex Offenders". Vice. Retrieved January 20, 2018. Sofia Valiente's photographs explore how the most ostracized people in Western society live.
  33. ^ Marshall, Barbara (August 17, 2017). "Taking pictures of sex offenders convinced artist to make Glades home". Palm Beach Post. Retrieved January 20, 2018. This was a way to look beyond the stigma, to find the person there.
  34. ^ Iaboni, Lisa (January 26, 2015). "Welcome to Miracle Village". The Marshall Project. Retrieved January 20, 2018. I saw another human being and not the monster he was made out to be.
  35. ^ Sanburn, Josh (September 16, 2014). "Life Inside a Community of Sex Offenders". Time. Retrieved January 20, 2018. Review of Valiente's book
  36. ^ Sofia Valente. "Miracle Village". Retrieved February 1, 2018.
  37. ^ Sofia Valiente. "Valiente_Sofia". Retrieved January 20, 2018.
  38. ^ "Film: Banished". Journeyman.tv. 2013. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
  39. ^ Jackson, Lisa F.; Feige, David (May 21, 2013). "Sex Offender Village". New York Times.
  40. ^ MH (2018). "Stacey Dooley Investigates: Second Chance Sex Offenders". BBC News. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
  41. ^ "Stacey Dooley Investigates: Second Chance Sex Offenders". BBC. January 24, 2018. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
  42. ^ Brown, Vanessa (January 22, 2018). "The secret sex offender village". Central Telegraph (Australia). Retrieved January 22, 2018.
  43. ^ Deen, Sarah (January 23, 2018). "Meet the mum who defends daughter dating a sex offender and claims no relationship is perfect". MetroUK. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
  44. ^ Collins-Hughes, Laura (February 2, 2018). "Review: An 'Our Town' With Sex Offenders, in 'America Is Hard to See'". New York Times. Retrieved February 4, 2018.
  45. ^ Life Jacket Theatre Company (2018). "America Is Hard to See. A New American Play" (PDF). Retrieved January 20, 2018. Through field interviews and archival research, the company shares real stories about diverse human experiences, particularly those of people living on the margins — the outsiders and outcasts.
  46. ^ Stewart, Zachary (February 2, 2018). "A Colony of Sex Offenders Takes the Stage in America Is Hard to See. Life Jacket Theater's latest documentary play addresses an uncomfortable subject". Theatermania. Retrieved February 6, 2018.
  47. ^ Schindler, Anne (November 3, 2016). "'Hard to See' A story of sex offenders takes center stage". WTLV (First Coast News). Retrieved February 5, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°48′45″N 80°36′41″W / 26.8124°N 80.6114°W / 26.8124; -80.6114