Mohamed Ennaceur

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Mohamed Ennaceur
محمد الناصر
Mohamed Ennaceur.jpg
Ennaceur in 2016
President of Tunisia
Interim
In office
25 July 2019 – 23 October 2019
Prime MinisterYoussef Chahed
Preceded byBeji Caid Essebsi
Succeeded byKais Saied
Speaker of the Assembly of the Representatives of the People
In office
4 December 2014 – 25 July 2019
PresidentMoncef Marzouki
Beji Caid Essebsi
Prime MinisterMehdi Jomaa
Habib Essid
Youssef Chahed
Preceded byMustapha Ben Jafar
Succeeded byAbdelfattah Mourou (interim)
President of Nidaa Tounes
In office
31 December 2014 – 28 May 2019
Preceded byBeji Caid Essebsi
Succeeded bySelma Elloumi Rekik
Minister of Labour and Social Affairs
In office
27 January 2011 – 24 December 2011
PresidentFouad Mebazaa (Acting)
Moncef Marzouki
Prime MinisterMohamed Ghannouchi
Beji Caid Essebsi
Preceded byMoncer Rouissi
Succeeded byKhalil Zaouia
In office
7 November 1979 – 23 October 1985
PresidentHabib Bourguiba
Prime MinisterHédi Nouira
Mohamed Mzali
Preceded byMohamed Jomâa
Succeeded byNoureddine Hached
In office
14 January 1974 – 26 December 1977
PresidentHabib Bourguiba
Prime MinisterHédi Nouira
Preceded byFarhat Dachraoui
Succeeded byMohamed Jomâa
Personal details
Born (1934-03-21) 21 March 1934 (age 85)
El Djem, Tunisia
NationalityTunisian
Political partyNidaa Tounes
Spouse(s)Siren Ennaceur (née Mønstre)
Children3 sons
2 daughters
Alma materUniversity of Tunis
Paris-Sorbonne University[1]

Mohamed Ennaceur (Arabic: محمد الناصر‎; born 21 March 1934) is a Tunisian politician who served as the interim President of Tunisia following and from President Beji Caid Essebsi's death on 25 July 2019 until he handed over the presidency to the winner of the 2019 Tunisian presidential election Kais Saied on 23 October 2019 for 91 days. Since 2014, he has also been the President of the Assembly of the Representatives of the People and leader of the governing Nidaa Tounes party. Previously, he served as Minister of Social Affairs in the 1970s and 1980s under President Habib Bourguiba and again in 2011 in the transitional Ghannouchi and Essebsi governments.[2]

Ennaceur was the founding director of the Tunisian Association of Social Law (Revue tunisienne de droit social) and the Festival international de musique symphonique d'El Jem.[3]

On 4 December 2014, he was elected as President of the Assembly of the Representatives of the People, with 176 agreeing votes out of 214 present MPs.[4] Upon President Beji Caid Essebsi's death, Ennaceur ascended as interim president according to the Constitutional provision for the presidential succession of Tunisia.[5]

Career[edit]

Ennaceur during his presidency of a parliamentary session.

Mohamed Ennaceur earned a diploma from the Institut des Hautes Études de Tunis and a doctorate in social law from the University of Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne. His thesis dealt with the International Labour Organization and the development of social law in Tunisia and Libya.[3]

Early in his career he served on the board of UNICEF (1963–64) and the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (1966–72). He was Commissioner-General of the Office for Tunisian Workers Overseas (1973–4), chaired the World Employment Conference (1976) and the Arab League Social Affairs Bureau (1980–83). Between 1991 and 1996 he went on to serve as coordinator of the African group in the World Trade Organization and led the Tunisian permanent mission to the United Nations in Geneva. From 2000 he worked as a corporate social responsibility auditor and international consultant. In 2005 he became the coordinator for the United Nations Global Compact in Tunisia.[6][3]

In addition to his international career, Mohamed Ennaceur held a number of political appointments in Tunisia. He served as governor of Sousse 1972–73 and as Minister of Social Affairs twice, from 1974–77 and from 1979–85.[3] After the Tunisian Revolution of 2011 he was once again appointed Minister of Social Affairs in the governments of Mohamed Ghannouchi and Beji Caid Essebsi.

Ennaceur with the Vice President of India, Hamid Ansari in 2016.

In February 2014, he joined the Nidaa Tounes party, becoming its Vice-President.[7] On 4 December 2014, he was elected President (Speaker) of the Assembly of the Representatives of the People, securing 176 votes out of a possible 217, and becoming the first President of the Chamber after the adoption of the Tunisian Constitution of 2014.[8] On 31 December, after Béji Caïd Essebsi became President of the Republic, he succeeded him as interim head of the Nidaa Tounes party.[9]

Soon after Essebsi's death on 25 July, Ennaceur announced in a nationwide address that in accordance with the Constitution, he was now interim president.[5] According to Article 84 of the Tunisian constitution, an interim president may serve in their role for a maximum of 90 days, meaning Ennaceur's role is due to expire on 23 October 2019.[10][better source needed] Although presidential elections were already scheduled for 17 November, the Independent High Authority for Elections advanced the date to 15 September in order to ensure that a permanent successor would be in office by 23 October.[11]

Personal life[edit]

Mohamed Ennaceur is married to Siren Ennaceur (née Mønstre), a Norwegian national from Bergen. They met when they were students in Paris and have been married for over 60 years. They have five children.[12]

Health[edit]

In late July 2019, shortly after the death of his predecessor, Beji Caid Essebsi, Ennaceur was reported to be in poor health.[13]

Honours[edit]

Tunisian national honours[edit]

Foreign honors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Publications, Europa (2003). The International Who's Who 2004. Psychology Press. p. 495. ISBN 9781857432176.
  2. ^ "Tunisie : dix choses à savoir sur Mohamed Ennaceur, le président par intérim". 2019-08-06.
  3. ^ a b c d "M. Mohamed Ennaceur, nouveau ministre des affaires sociales" (in French). Leaders. 29 January 2011. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  4. ^ "Tunisia: Mohamed Ennaceur voted president of new Parliament". ANSAmed. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  5. ^ a b "Tunisia parliament speaker Ennaceur to serve as temporary president". Reuters. 2019-07-25. Retrieved 2019-07-25.
  6. ^ "Mohamed Ennaceur, ancien ministre". leaders.com.tn. 25 November 2009. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  7. ^ "Mohamed Ennaceur devient vice-président de Nidaa Tounes". businessnews.com.tn. 9 February 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  8. ^ Massy, Perrine (4 December 2014). "Tunisie : Mohamed Ennaceur, 80 ans, élu président de l'Assemblée des représentants du peuple". webdo.tn. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  9. ^ "Mohamed Ennaceur, président de Nidaa Tounès". leaders.com.tn. 31 December 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  10. ^ "Tunisia's Constitution of 2014" (PDF). Constitute Project. 1 September 2019. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  11. ^ Tunisie: l'élection présidentielle reprogrammée au 15 septembre Le Figaro, 25 July 2019
  12. ^ "Bergenskvinnen Siren er Tunisias nye førstedame". TV 2 AS (NO) (in Norwegian). 27 July 2019. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  13. ^ "Tunisia's president, Beji Caid Essebsi, has died". The Economist. 25 July 2019. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j de Gruyter, Walter (ed.). Who's Who in the Arab World 2007-2008. Publitec Publications. p. 288. ISBN 9783110930047.
Political offices
Preceded by
Beji Caid Essebsi
President of Tunisia
Interim

2019
Succeeded by
Kais Saied