Molof language

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RegionPapua: 9 villages located 100 km to the south of Jayapura; in Keerom Regency, Senggi District, Molof village
Native speakers
230 (2005)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3msl

Molof (Ampas, Poule) is a poorly documented Papuan language spoken by about 200 people.


Wurm (1975) placed it as an independent branch of Trans–New Guinea, but Ross (2005) could not find enough evidence to classify it. Usher tentatively suggests it may be one of the Pauwasi languages. Søren Wichmann (2013)[3] tentatively considers it to be a separate, independent group.

Foley (2018) classifies Molof as a language isolate.[4]

Basic vocabulary[edit]

Basic vocabulary of Molof from Rumaropen (2005), quoted in Foley (2018):[5][4]

Molof basic vocabulary
gloss Molof
‘bird’ au
‘blood’ mɪt
‘bone’ antai
‘breast’ mu
‘ear’ ou
‘egg’ li
‘eye’ lum
‘fire’ tombe
‘give’ tui
‘go’ tuɨ
‘ground’ aigiman
‘hair’ era
‘hear’ ar/arai
‘I’ məik
‘leg’ vu
‘louse’ əlim
‘man’ lomoa
‘moon’ ar
‘name’ ti
‘one’ kwasekak
‘road, path’ mɪtnine
‘see’ lokea
‘sky’ mejor
‘sun’ neman
‘tongue’ aifoma
‘tree’ war
‘two’ atati
‘water’ yat
‘we’ ti
‘woman’ anar
‘you (sg)’ in


  1. ^ Molof at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Molof". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Wichmann, Søren. 2013. A classification of Papuan languages. In: Hammarström, Harald and Wilco van den Heuvel (eds.), History, contact and classification of Papuan languages (Language and Linguistics in Melanesia, Special Issue 2012), 313-386. Port Moresby: Linguistic Society of Papua New Guinea.
  4. ^ a b Foley, William A. (2018). "The languages of Northwest New Guinea". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 433–568. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  5. ^ Rumaropen, Benny. 2005. Sociolinguistic Report of the Poulle Language of Molof and Waley Villages, Keeron District, Papua, Indonesia. Unpublished manuscript. Jayapura: SIL Indonesia.

External links[edit]