Mong Ko

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Mong Ko

မုန်းကိုးမြို့
勐古

Monekoe, Man Guo, Man Kan
Town
Mong Ko is located in Myanmar
Mong Ko
Coordinates: 24°6′1″N 98°18′50″E / 24.10028°N 98.31389°E / 24.10028; 98.31389
Country Myanmar
State Shan
DistrictMu Se District
TownshipMu Se Township
Elevation1,480 ft (450 m)
Population
 • Town24,565
 • Urban
8,847
 • Rural
15,718
Time zoneUTC+6:30 (MMT)

Mong Ko (Burmese: မုန်းကိုးမြို့; Chinese: 勐古; pinyin: Měng gǔ), sometimes spelled Mongko or Monekoe and also known as Man Kan, Man Guo[3] and Panglong,[4] is a town in Mu Se Township, Mu Se District, northern Shan State.

Like many towns in the region, Mong Ko is known to be a hotspot for drug production and trade.[5]

Geography[edit]

Mong Ko lies by the China–Myanmar border, 25 km east of Pang Hseng (Kyu Koke).[6] There is a border checkpoint in the town.[7] The town on the Chinese part of the border is Manghai in Mangshi county-level city, Yunnan Province.

History[edit]

The Communist Party of Burma (CPB) entered Shan State on New Year Day 1968, captured Mong Ko, and established the first war zone ‘303’ of the CPB North-East Command (NEC). This was quickly followed by ‘404’ in Kokang substate winning over the local warlord Pheung Kya-shin.[8]

For 20 years Pheung controlled Kokang as a member of the Communist Party of Burma.[9] In 1989, however, the CPB split up[9] and Pheung established his own army, the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army,[10] with which he mutinied and captured Mong Ko town.[11] After this he signed a cease-fire with the military junta, which allowed the Kokang army to retain their weapons, and established an autonomous Kokang region as the "First Special Region" of Myanmar.[10][12]

The Northern Alliance launched an offensive to capture Mong Ko on 20 November 2016.[13] The town was recaptured by the Myanmar Army in December 2016.[14]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ GoogleEarth
  2. ^ The 2014 Myanmar Population and Housing Census Highlights of the Main Results Census Report Volume 2 – A. Department of Population Ministry of Immigration and Population. 2015. p. 64.
  3. ^ Shelby Tucker, Among Insurgents: Walking Through Burma. p. 27
  4. ^ "Panglong". Mapcarta. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
  5. ^ Peter John Perry, Myanmar (Burma) Since 1962: The Failure of Development. p. 152
  6. ^ Möng Ko: Burma
  7. ^ "Restricted Area in Myanmar (Burma)". Archived from the original on 2016-08-21. Retrieved 2016-05-22.
  8. ^ Smith, Martin (1991). Burma – Insurgency and the Politics of Ethnicity. London and New Jersey: Zed Books.
  9. ^ a b Lintner, Bertil; Chiang Mai (28 June 1990). "A fix in the making" (PDF). Far Eastern Economic Review. Retrieved 29 August 2009.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ a b 果敢乱局当前 传“果敢王”已逃离 (in Chinese). 南国都市报 (Southern Metropolitan). 29 August 2009. Retrieved 29 August 2009.
  11. ^ Tucker, Shelby (2001). Burma: The curse of independence. Pluto Press. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-7453-1541-6.
  12. ^ "Tense situation in N. Myanmar's Shan state prevails". Xinhua. 28 August 2009. Retrieved 27 August 2009.
  13. ^ "Armed groups renew attacks on military post in N. Myanmar: authorities – SYCB". www.sycbyouth.org. Retrieved 2017-12-21.
  14. ^ Burmese army recaptures Mongko – SYCB

External links[edit]