Cultural Heritage of Serbia
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Cultural heritage of Serbia (Serbian: Културна добра Србије, romanized: Kulturna dobra Srbije; lit. "Cultural Goods of Serbia") represents the totality of national cultural heritage in Serbia (including Kosovo[a]) as defined by Serbia's Law on Cultural Goods. Some of national heritage sites in Serbia are also World Heritage Sites.
The cultural heritage of Serbia is classified and categorized by the law. Primarily, it is divided into two main groups, first including tangible cultural heritage (such as works of art, historical monuments, archeological sites, architecturally prominent buildings, archival and museum artifacts, old and rare books, cultural landscapes), and second including intangible cultural heritage (such as folklore, traditions, language, knowledge).
Tangible cultural heritage is further classified as immovable and movable. The first group includes historical and architectural monuments, historical and archeological sites, cultural and historical landscapes. The second group includes works of art, archival and museum artifacts, old and rare books etc.
The preservation and protection of cultural heritage sites in Serbia is entrusted to the National Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments. The Institute maintains the Central Register of Cultural Heritage. The Register currently lists 2,458 heritage sites classified in four categories: cultural monuments, archaeological sites, historic landmarks and spatial cultural-historical units. 200 of those are classified as being "of exceptional importance", and thus entitled to the highest level of protection. Further 582 are classified as being "of great importance", while the rest are "unclassified".
Cultural Heritage of Exceptional Importance
Those sites enjoy the highest level of the state protection, as defined by the Law. In order to be on the list, properties must meet at least one of the following criteria:
- Embodies special significance pertaining to the social, historical and cultural development of peoples in the nation's history and development of the nation's natural environment;
- Testifies to crucial historical events and personalities and their activities in the nation's history;
- Is a unique or rare representation of the human creativity of a certain time period or a unique example from natural history;
- Exhibits exceptional artistic or aesthetic value.
The register of 2,536 sites and localities is divided into twelve categories:
|... of Exceptional Importance||... of Great Importance||Protected ...|
|Spatial Cultural-Historical Units||List||List||List|
|a.||^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognized as an independent state by 112 out of 193 United Nations member states, while 12 states have recognized Kosovo only to later withdraw their recognition.|
- Закон о културним добрима Републике Србије
- Official web site
- National Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments official site: Nepokretna kulturna dobra - NKD, retrieved 10 December 2013 (in Serbian)
- National Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments official site: List of Cultural Heritage of Exceptional Importance Archived 23 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine (in Serbian)
- National Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments official site: List of Cultural Heritage of Great Importance Archived 23 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine (in Serbian)
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