Cultural Heritage of Serbia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Monuments of Serbia)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Cultural heritage of Serbia (Serbian: Културна добра Србије, romanizedKulturna dobra Srbije; lit. "Cultural Goods of Serbia") represents the totality of national cultural heritage in Serbia (including Kosovo[a]) as defined by Serbia's Law on Cultural Goods.[1] Some of national heritage sites in Serbia are also World Heritage Sites.


the White Angel fresco, from the Monastery of Mileševa

The cultural heritage of Serbia is classified and categorized by the law. Primarily, it is divided into two main groups, first including tangible cultural heritage (such as works of art, historical monuments, archeological sites, architecturally prominent buildings, archival and museum artifacts, old and rare books, cultural landscapes), and second including intangible cultural heritage (such as folklore, traditions, language, knowledge).

Tangible cultural heritage is further classified as immovable and movable. The first group includes historical and architectural monuments, historical and archeological sites, cultural and historical landscapes. The second group includes works of art, archival and museum artifacts, old and rare books etc.


Serbian Orthodox Monastery of Gračanica, from the beginning of the 14th century (World Heritage Site)

The preservation and protection of cultural heritage sites in Serbia is entrusted to the National Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments.[2] The Institute maintains the Central Register of Cultural Heritage.[3] The Register currently lists 2,458 heritage sites classified in four categories: cultural monuments, archaeological sites, historic landmarks and spatial cultural-historical units. 200 of those are classified as being "of exceptional importance",[4] and thus entitled to the highest level of protection. Further 582 are classified as being "of great importance",[5] while the rest are "unclassified".[3]

Cultural Heritage of Exceptional Importance[edit]

Serbian Orthodox Monastery of Dečani, from the first half of the 14th century (World Heritage Site)

Those sites enjoy the highest level of the state protection, as defined by the Law. In order to be on the list, properties must meet at least one of the following criteria:

  • Embodies special significance pertaining to the social, historical and cultural development of peoples in the nation's history and development of the nation's natural environment;
  • Testifies to crucial historical events and personalities and their activities in the nation's history;
  • Is a unique or rare representation of the human creativity of a certain time period or a unique example from natural history;
  • Exhibits exceptional artistic or aesthetic value.


The register of 2,536 sites and localities[3] is divided into twelve categories:

... of Exceptional Importance ... of Great Importance Protected ...
Archaeological sites List List List
Cultural monuments List List List
Historic landmarks List List List
Spatial Cultural-Historical Units List List List

See also[edit]


a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognized as an independent state by 112 out of 193 United Nations member states, while 12 states have recognized Kosovo only to later withdraw their recognition.


  1. ^ Закон о културним добрима Републике Србије
  2. ^ Official web site
  3. ^ a b c National Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments official site: Nepokretna kulturna dobra - NKD, retrieved 10 December 2013 (in Serbian)
  4. ^ National Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments official site: List of Cultural Heritage of Exceptional Importance Archived 23 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine (in Serbian)
  5. ^ National Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments official site: List of Cultural Heritage of Great Importance Archived 23 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine (in Serbian)


  • Čanak-Medić, Milka; Todić, Branislav (2017). The Monastery of the Patriarchate of Peć. Novi Sad: Platoneum, Beseda.
  • Ćirković, Sima (2004). The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.
  • Đorđević, Života; Pejić, Svetlana, eds. (1999). Cultural Heritage of Kosovo and Metohija. Belgrade: Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments of the Republic of Serbia.
  • Ivić, Pavle, ed. (1995). The History of Serbian Culture. Edgware: Porthill Publishers.
  • Janićijević, Jovan, ed. (1990). Serbian Culture Through Centuries: Selected List of Recommended Reading. Belgrade: Yugoslav Authors' Agency.
  • Janićijević, Jovan, ed. (1998). The Cultural Treasury of Serbia. Belgrade: Idea, Vojnoizdavački zavod, Markt system.
  • Krstić, Branislav (2003). Saving the Cultural Heritage of Serbia and Europe in Kosovo and Metohia. Belgrade: Coordination Center of the Federal Government and the Government of the Republic of Serbia for Kosovo and Metohia.
  • Marković, Miodrag; Vojvodić, Dragan, eds. (2017). Serbian Artistic Heritage in Kosоvo and Metohija: Identity, Significance, Vulnerability. Belgrade: Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts.
  • Mihailovich, Vasa D., ed. (1983). Landmarks in Serbian Culture and History: Essays. Pittsburgh: Serb National Federation.
  • Mileusnić, Slobodan (1997). Spiritual Genocide: A survey of destroyed, damaged and desecrated churches, monasteries and other church buildings during the war 1991-1995 (1997). Belgrade: Museum of the Serbian Orthodox Church.
  • Pantelić, Bratislav (2002). The Architecture of Dečani and the Role of Archbishop Danilo II. Wiesbaden: Reichert.
  • Pavlowitch, Stevan K. (2002). Serbia: The History behind the Name. London: Hurst & Company.
  • Peić, Sava (1994). Medieval Serbian Culture. London: Alpine Fine Arts Collection.
  • Petković, Vesna; Peić, Sava (2013). Serbian Medieval Cultural Heritage. Belgrade: Dereta.
  • Šakota, Mirjana (2017). Ottoman Chronicles: Dečani Monastery Archives. Prizren: Diocese of Raška-Prizren.
  • Samardžić, Radovan; Duškov, Milan, eds. (1993). Serbs in European Civilization. Belgrade: Nova, Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Institute for Balkan Studies.
  • Subotić, Gojko (1998). Art of Kosovo: The Sacred Land. New York: The Monacelli Press.
  • Todić, Branislav (1999). Serbian Medieval Painting: The Age of King Milutin. Belgrade: Draganić.
  • Todić, Branislav; Čanak-Medić, Milka (2013). The Dečani Monastery. Belgrade: Museum in Priština.
  • Živković, Tibor; Bojanin, Stanoje; Petrović, Vladeta, eds. (2000). Selected Charters of Serbian Rulers (XII-XV Century): Relating to the Territory of Kosovo and Metohia. Athens: Center for Studies of Byzantine Civilisation.

External links[edit]