Morningstar, Inc.

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Morningstar, Inc.
Public
Traded asNASDAQMORN
Russell 1000 Component
IndustryInvestment research, Investment management
Founded1984; 35 years ago (1984)
FounderJoe Mansueto
Headquarters,
United States
Key people
Joe Mansueto, Chairman
Kunal Kapoor, CEO
Revenue Increase US$1 billion (2018)[1]
Decrease US$180.8 million (2016)[1]
Increase US$161 million (2016)[1]
AUMIncrease $220 billion (2017)
Number of employees
4,595 (2016)[2]
Websitewww.morningstar.com

Morningstar, Inc. is a global financial services firm headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, United States. It provides an array of investment-research and investment-management services. Joe Mansueto founded Morningstar in 1984.

Morningstar's research and recommendations are considered[by whom?] extremely influential in the asset-management industry, and a positive or negative recommendation from Morningstar analysts can drive billions of dollars into or away from any given fund.[3][4] Through its asset-management division, the firm currently[when?] manages over $200 billion.[5][need quotation to verify]

The firm also provides popular[quantify] software and data platforms for investment professionals, including "Morningstar Direct" and "Morningstar Advisor Workstation".

History[edit]

Founder Joe Mansueto initially had the idea for Morningstar in 1982 while reviewing mutual fund annual reports he had requested from several prominent fund managers.[6] However, it was only after a year working as a stock analyst for Harris Associates, seeing the fund industry and potential competitors up close, that he was convinced that the opportunity was there.[6][7] Morningstar was subsequently founded in 1984 from his one-bedroom Chicago apartment with an initial investment of US$80,000.[8] The name Morningstar is taken from the last sentence in Walden, a book by Henry David Thoreau; "the sun is but a morning star".[8][9]

In July 1999, Morningstar accepted an investment of US$91 million from SoftBank in return for a 20 percent stake in the company. The two companies had formed a joint venture in Japan the previous year.[9][10]

Morningstar's initial public offering occurred on May 3, 2005, with 7,612,500 shares at $18.50 each.[11] The manner in which Morningstar went public is notable. They elected to follow Google's footsteps and use the OpenIPO method rather than the traditional method. This allowed individual investors to bid on the price of the stock, and allowed all investors equal access.

As of February 2015, Joe Mansueto owned approximately 55% of the outstanding shares in Morningstar.[12]

In September 2016, Morningstar announced that it had appointed Kunal Kapoor as chief executive officer, effective January 2017, with Mansueto becoming executive chairman at the same time. [13][14]

Products and services[edit]

Morningstar offers a wide array of products and services to both retail and institutional investors.

Morningstar Investment Management[edit]

Through its investment management subsidiary, Morningstar currently has over $200 billion in assets under advisement and management.[15]

Morningstar Direct[edit]

Morningstar Direct is a software platform that provides data and analytics to help professional investment managers craft new products and portfolios. The product is mainly cloud-based.[16]

Morningstar Office Cloud[edit]

Morningstar offers a single end-to-end cloud-based platform for investment advisors, known as Morningstar Office Cloud. The software allows financial advisors to manage their practice, gain access to data and research, analyze investments, and connect with investors.[17]

Morningstar Premium[edit]

The firm offers retail and individual investors with access to news, research, and stock, bond, and mutual fund analysis through its 'Morningstar Premium' subscription product.[18]

Credit Ratings (NRSRO)[edit]

In 2010, Morningstar acquired Realpoint, LLC, a former division of private-equity giant Capmark Finance and a nationally recognized statistical rating organization (NRSRO).[19] The firm was rebranded as Morningstar Credit Ratings and competes with S&P, Moody's Investors Service, Fitch Ratings and similar Wall Street firms to provide research and ratings of structured debt products, including mortgage-backed securities and asset-backed securities.[20] Today, Morningstar Credit Ratings issues credit ratings on both structured financial products (CMBS, RMBS, CLOs) and corporate/financial institutions.[21]

On May 29, 2019, Morningstar publicly announced its intention to significantly expand the breadth and scope of its ratings business through a $669 million acquisition of DBRS.[22]

Influence and criticisms[edit]

Morningstar is considered extremely powerful in the investment management industry, and the firm's ratings and recommendations often drive billions of dollars into or away from a fund. The firm's signature "star" ratings are often used by fund managers in marketing materials, and positive star ratings bring a significant level of credibility to a fund's strategy. Morningstar's analysts and data are frequently quoted in outlets like the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, and Financial Times.

In October 2017, the Wall Street Journal published a front-page feature story criticizing Morningstar's influence and questioned the predictive power of the firm's ratings system.[23] The firm responded with a quantitative analysis showing that higher-rated funds outperform lower-rated funds, but cautioned against using the ratings as a definitive marker of future performance.[24][25]

Corporate identity[edit]

Morningstar's current logo was designed by the famed graphic designer Paul Rand.[26] The design features the "o" in Morningstar appearing as a rising sun, which is a nod to a Henry David Thoreau quote that inspired the company's name.[8] Mansueto considers the logo "one of our most valuable assets".[26]

Offices[edit]

The firm is headquartered in Chicago, Illinois with other major regional offices in New York City, London, Paris, Sydney, Mumbai and other cities around the world.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Morningstar Press Release". Retrieved February 2, 2017.
  2. ^ "Morningstar Press Release". Retrieved February 2, 2017.
  3. ^ https://www.ft.com/content/e02d2768-22d2-11e4-8dae-00144feabdc0
  4. ^ https://www.researchgate.net/publication/5026242_Star_Power_The_Effect_of_Morningstar_Ratings_on_Mutual_Fund_Flow
  5. ^ Morningstar intensifies competition with asset managers
  6. ^ a b "Everything I Know, I Learned from Warren Buffett, Corporate Culture Article – Inc. Article". Retrieved May 3, 2007.
  7. ^ "Joe Mansueto and Bill Nygren: The Importance of Having Conviction". Retrieved May 3, 2007.
  8. ^ a b c Fetterman, Mindy (November 14, 2005). "USATODAY.com – Can he turn magazine bust into a boom?". USA Today. Retrieved May 3, 2007.
  9. ^ a b "A star is reborn after shake-up". USA Today. February 12, 2001. Retrieved May 21, 2007.
  10. ^ "Company News; Softbank says it will invest $91 million in Morningstar". The New York Times. July 9, 1999. Retrieved May 3, 2007.
  11. ^ "Morningstar Press Release". Retrieved May 3, 2007.
  12. ^ "MORN Insider Activity". Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  13. ^ "Morningstar U.S. | News Archive". Retrieved 2017-02-02.
  14. ^ Yerak, Becky. "Kapoor to replace billionaire founder Mansueto as Morningstar CEO".
  15. ^ https://www.ft.com/content/b9dcfc38-d355-11e6-b06b-680c49b4b4c0
  16. ^ https://www.investmentnews.com/article/20180508/FREE/180509921/latest-version-of-morningstar-direct-tailored-to-wealth-management
  17. ^ https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/morningstar-announces-morningstar-office-cloud-an-end-to-end-practice-and-portfolio-management-platform-for-independent-advisors-300557313.html
  18. ^ https://www.morningstar.com/members/morningstarpremium.html
  19. ^ https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052748703580904575131620249936264
  20. ^ https://www.financial-planning.com/news/morningstar-acquires-mbs-rater-realpoint
  21. ^ https://www.marketwatch.com/story/the-ratings-big-3-becomes-4-morningstar-approved-to-rate-corporate-bonds-2016-08-29
  22. ^ https://www.wsj.com/articles/morningstar-looks-to-expand-ratings-business-with-dbrs-deal-11559151916
  23. ^ https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-morningstar-mirage-1508946687
  24. ^ https://www.advisorperspectives.com/articles/2017/10/29/morningstar-versus-the-wall-street-journal-who-won
  25. ^ https://www.morningstar.com/company/message-from-ceo
  26. ^ a b "Corporate Design Foundation – @issue journal". Retrieved May 21, 2007.

External links[edit]