Morris Park, Bronx

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Morris Park
Looking south along facade of Morris Park station
Looking south along facade of Morris Park station
Location in New York City
Coordinates: 40°51′07″N 73°51′11″W / 40.852°N 73.853°W / 40.852; -73.853Coordinates: 40°51′07″N 73°51′11″W / 40.852°N 73.853°W / 40.852; -73.853
Country United States
State New York
City New York City
Borough The Bronx
Community DistrictBronx 11[1]
Area
 • Total0.90 km2 (0.347 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total10,289 (est.)
Economics
 • Median income$57,240
ZIP codes
10461, 10462
Area code718, 347, 929, and 917
Websitewww.morrispark.nyc

Morris Park is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of the Bronx. Its approximate boundaries, starting from the north and moving clockwise, are Neill Avenue and Pelham Parkway to the north, Eastchester Road to the East, the Amtrak Northeast Corridor tracks and Sackett Avenue to the east and south, and Bronxdale Avenue or White Plains Road to the west.[3] It borders the neighborhoods of Van Nest to its southwest and Pelham Parkway to its northeast. Williamsbridge Road and Morris Park Avenue are the primary thoroughfares.

The neighborhood is part of Bronx Community District 11 in the East Bronx, and its ZIP Codes include 10461 and 10462. The area is patrolled by the 49th Precinct of the New York City Police Department, located at 2121 Eastchester Road. The local subway is the IRT Dyre Avenue Line (5 train), which runs under the Esplanade. The neighborhood has a large Albanian American and Italian American population.

History[edit]

Public School 83

Morris Park is named after John Albert Morris, who built the Morris Park Racecourse, which existed from 1889 until 1910.[3][4] In 1890, the Morris Park Racecourse hosted both the Preakness and the Belmont Stakes; the latter continued to be run there until 1905.[5] The track was later used for auto racing and was the site of the first public air show.[6] After a 1910 fire,[7] the property was divided into lots for the current neighborhood. Several streets in Morris Park, including Cruger, Holland, Radcliff, Colden, Paulding, and Hone Avenues, are named after mayors of New York City during the 18th and 19th centuries.

Land use and terrain[edit]

Housing in Morris Park is mostly one and two family homes of various styles. The neighborhood also has several apartment buildings. The total land area is a little over one-third of a square mile.[2] The area is low-lying and relatively flat.

The northern section of Morris Park nearest Jacobi Medical Center is also referred to as Indian Village. Several streets are named after Native American tribes, including Choctaw Place, Seminole Avenue, and Pawnee Place.[8][9]

Demographics[edit]

For census purposes, the New York City government classifies Morris Park as part of a larger neighborhood tabulation area called Van Nest/Morris Park/Westchester Square.[10] Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Van Nest/Morris Park/Westchester Square was 29,250, a change of 2,115 (7.2%) from the 27,135 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 829.61 acres (335.73 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 35.3 inhabitants per acre (22,600/sq mi; 8,700/km2).[11] The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 27.3% (7,987) White, 11.1% (3,245) African American, 0.3% (82) Native American, 10.6% (3,100) Asian, 0.1% (15) Pacific Islander, 1% (292) from other races, and 1.4% (410) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 48.3% (14,119) of the population.[12]

The entirety of Community District 11, which comprises Morris Park and Allerton, had 116,180 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 79.9 years.[13]:2, 20 This is lower than the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods.[14]:53 (PDF p. 84)[15] Most inhabitants are youth and middle-aged adults: 22% are between the ages of between 0–17, 30% between 25–44, and 24% between 45–64. The ratio of college-aged and elderly residents was lower, at 9% and 14% respectively.[13]:2

As of 2017, the median household income in Community District 11 was $48,018.[16] In 2018, an estimated 21% of Morris Park and Allerton residents lived in poverty, compared to 25% in all of the Bronx and 20% in all of New York City. One in eight residents (12%) were unemployed, compared to 13% in the Bronx and 9% in New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 55% in Morris Park and Allerton, compared to the boroughwide and citywide rates of 58% and 51% respectively. Based on this calculation, as of 2018, Morris Park and Allerton are considered high-income relative to the rest of the city and not gentrifying.[13]:7

Culture[edit]

The neighborhood has a large Italian population, and since the early 2000s, has also had a large Albanian population and smaller Asian and Hispanic neighborhoods.[17][18] Formerly, Morris Park was predominantly Jewish.[18] It is generally more suburban than other neighborhoods in the Bronx.[17]

As an Italian American neighborhood, the residents have close ties to their heritage.[19] After Italy’s World Cup victory in 2006, over 30,000 flocked to the neighborhood for an all-day party. Since then, Morris Park has gained a rival reputation with Arthur Avenue for the prototypical Italian-American neighborhood in the Bronx. Morris Park has one of the highest percentage of Italian populations in the city, along with Bensonhurst in Brooklyn and Staten Island.[20]

Morris Park is famous for its annual Columbus Day parade, which began in 1977 to honor Christopher Columbus. It is held on the Sunday before the national Columbus Day holiday. Rudolph Giuliani, Michael Bloomberg, and Bill DeBlasio have attended as mayors.[21][22][23] The procession begins at the intersection of Morris Park Avenue and White Plains Road, marches east on Morris Park Avenue, turns north on Williamsbridge Road, and ends at Pelham Parkway South. The reviewing stand, where the local dignitaries, politicians, civic and business leaders, and Grand Marshal sit, is located on Williamsbridge Road between Lydig and Neill avenues. Past Grand Marshals have included actors Tony LoBianco, Chazz Palminteri, television personality Regis Philbin, and former New York Yankees first baseman Joe Pepitone.

Politics[edit]

Politically, Morris Park is in New York's 14th congressional district,[24][25] represented by Democrat Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez as of 2019.[26] It is also part of the 34th State Senate district,[27][28] represented by Democrat Alessandra Biaggi,[29] and the 80th State Assembly district,[30][31] represented by Democrat Nathalia Fernandez.[32] Morris Park is located in New York's 13th City Council district,[33] represented by Mark Gjonaj, a Democrat.[34][35]

A reflection of its heavily Italian-American and Catholic population, Morris Park was politically conservative and remained one of the Bronx's few solidly Republican neighborhoods until the 1990s.[19] It was represented in the United States Congress from 1953 to 1969 by Paul Fino, a Republican, and then from 1969 to 1988 by Mario Biaggi, a socially conservative and law and order Democrat. Republican State Senators such as John D. Calandra and Guy Velella drew extensive support from Morris Park residents. In his three mayoral campaigns in 1989, 1993, and 1997, Rudy Giuliani, a Republican, carried Morris Park by substantial margins. In recent years, changing demographics have altered the neighborhood's political landscape.

Notable locations[edit]

A plaque honoring Officer Alfred Loreto inside Loreto Park.

The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Jacobi Medical Center, and the Jack D. Weiler Hospital division of Montefiore Medical Center are located on the eastern edge of the neighborhood. The neighborhood is also home to Bronx Psychiatric Center and Calvary Hospital. St. Francis Xavier School and St. Clare of Assisi School are two local Catholic schools. Our Savior Lutheran School, P.S. 83, and P.S. 108 are other local schools.

Loreto Park,[36] bounded by Morris Park, Haight, Van Nest, and Tomlinson Avenues, was named after Alfred Loreto, a police officer who lived nearby at 1870 Hering Avenue and was killed on July 21, 1950 while foiling an attempted kidnapping of his neighbor.[37][38][39] It underwent a large renovation that was completed in 2012. Councilman James Vacca allocated $500,000 from the New York City Council for the reconstruction. Additions included a play area for toddlers, wheelchair accessible equipment, planting beds, new benches, fencing, and game tables. The bocce court was renovated, and a roller hockey rink was added.[40]

Joseph Garofalo,[41][42] a World War II veteran, persuaded John Dormi & Sons Funeral Home on Morris Park Avenue to display his collection of medals and war memorabilia and named it the Bronx Military Museum. People in the neighborhood have also contributed military memorabilia that belonged to their relatives.[43][44]

Police and crime[edit]

49th Precinct

Morris Park and Allerton are patrolled by the 49th Precinct of the NYPD, located at 2121 Eastchester Road.[45] The 49th Precinct ranked 43rd safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010.[46] With a non-fatal assault rate of 64 per 100,000 people, Morris Park and Allerton's rate of violent crimes per capita is slightly more than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 372 per 100,000 people is lower than that of the city as a whole.[13]:8

The 49th Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 80.6% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 7 murders, 25 rapes, 176 robberies, 307 felony assaults, 171 burglaries, 439 grand larcenies, and 95 grand larcenies auto in 2018.[47]

Fire safety[edit]

Morris Park is served by the New York City Fire Department (FDNY)'s Squad 61/Battalion 20, located at 1518 Williamsbridge Road.[48][49] FDNY Engine Co. 97 is located just outside Morris Park at 1454 Astor Avenue.[50] In addition, FDNY EMS Station 20 is located on the grounds of NYC Health + Hospitals/Jacobi.

Health[edit]

Preterm and teenage births are slightly more common in Morris Park and Allerton than in other places citywide. In Morris Park and Allerton, there were 90 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 19.7 teenage births per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide).[13]:11 Morris Park and Allerton has a low population of residents who are uninsured. In 2018, this population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 12%, the same as the citywide rate of 12%.[13]:14

The concentration of fine particulate matter, the deadliest type of air pollutant, in Morris Park and Allerton is 0.0074 milligrams per cubic metre (7.4×10−9 oz/cu ft), less than the city average.[13]:9 Fifteen percent of Morris Park and Allerton residents are smokers, which is slightly higher than the city average of 14% of residents being smokers.[13]:13 In Morris Park and Allerton, 32% of residents are obese, 14% are diabetic, and 31% have high blood pressure—compared to the citywide averages of 24%, 11%, and 28% respectively.[13]:16 In addition, 23% of children are obese, compared to the citywide average of 20%.[13]:12

Eighty-three percent of residents eat some fruits and vegetables every day, which is lower than the city's average of 87%. In 2018, 80% of residents described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," slightly higher than the city's average of 78%.[13]:13 For every supermarket in Morris Park and Allerton, there are 17 bodegas.[13]:10

The nearest large hospitals are Calvary Hospital, Montefiore Medical Center's Jack D. Weiler Hospital, and NYC Health + Hospitals/Jacobi in Morris Park. The Albert Einstein College of Medicine campus is also located in Morris Park.[51]

Post office and ZIP codes[edit]

Morris Park is located within ZIP Codes 10461 east of Paulding Avenue and 10462 west of Paulding Avenue.[52] The United States Postal Service operates the Morris Park Station post office at 1807 Williamsbridge Road.[53]

Education[edit]

Philip J Abananti School

Morris Park and Allerton generally have a lower rate of college-educated residents than the rest of the city. While 32% of residents age 25 and older have a college education or higher, 24% have less than a high school education and 44% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 26% of Bronx residents and 43% of city residents have a college education or higher.[13]:6 The percentage of Morris Park and Allerton students excelling in math rose from 32% in 2000 to 48% in 2011, though reading achievement remained constant at 37% during the same time period.[54]

Morris Park and Allerton's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is slightly higher than the rest of New York City. In Morris Park and Allerton, 23% of elementary school students missed twenty or more days per school year, a little more than the citywide average of 20%.[14]:24 (PDF p. 55)[13]:6 Additionally, 74% of high school students in Morris Park and Allerton graduate on time, about the same as the citywide average of 75%.[13]:6

Schools[edit]

The New York City Department of Education operates the following public schools in Morris Park:[55]

  • P.S. 83 Donald Hertz (grades K-8)[56]
  • P.S. 105 Senator Abraham Bernstein (grades PK-5)[57]
  • P.S. 108 Philip J Abinanti (grades PK-5)[58]
  • P.S./M.S. 498 Van Nest Academy (grades K-8)[59]
  • Bronx High School for the Visual Arts (grades 9-12)[60]

Library[edit]

The New York Public Library (NYPL)'s Morris Park branch is located at 985 Morris Park Avenue. The two-story, 6,600-square-foot (610 m2) branch opened in 2006 and is the first NYPL branch to be built in Morris Park, as well as one of the newest locations in the NYPL system.[61]

Transportation[edit]

The following MTA Regional Bus Operations bus routes serve Morris Park:[62]

Morris Park is also served by the following Bee-Line Bus System routes to Westchester County, New York:[62]

Subway service is provided by the New York City Subway via the following IRT Dyre Avenue Line stations, served by the 5 train:[63]

Notable residents[edit]

In film[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NYC Planning | Community Profiles". communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Morris Park neighborhood in New York". Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  3. ^ a b Bleyer, Jennifer (December 30, 2007). "Living in: Morris Park, the Bronx - Another Little Italy, with Scant Parking to Match" (Real Estate Section). New York Times. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
  4. ^ DiBrino, Nicholas (1977). The History of the Morris Park Racecourse and the Morris Family. The Bronx County Historical Society. ISBN 9780941980272.
  5. ^ "What's in a Name: The Origin of Morris in the Bronx". New York 1 News. Retrieved 2015-06-10.
  6. ^ "Curtiss Flies Here - In the Air a Minute at Morris Park Race Course". New York Times. June 17, 1909. p. 1. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  7. ^ "Flames Sweep Old Morris Park Track - Westchester Village Endangered by Fire Which Destroys Famous Stables - Three Alarms Sent In - Fire Engine Burned Before Chief Croker Arrives - Trains Delayed - Thousands Watch Prairie Fire". New York Times. April 11, 1910. p. 18. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  8. ^ Goodstein, Steven. "Influx of parking continues to grow in Indian Village". Bronx Times. Retrieved 2019-08-15.
  9. ^ Wilson, Claire (2002-12-08). "If You're Thinking of Living In/Pelham Gardens, the Bronx; Attractive, Affordable and Unheralded". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-08-15.
  10. ^ New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016.
  11. ^ Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016.
  12. ^ Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2016.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Morris Park and Bronxdale (Including Allerton, Bronxdale, Indian Village, Morris Park, Pelham Gardens, Pelham Parkway and Van Nest)" (PDF). nyc.gov. NYC Health. 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  14. ^ a b "2016-2018 Community Health Assessment and Community Health Improvement Plan: Take Care New York 2020" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
  15. ^ "New Yorkers are living longer, happier and healthier lives". New York Post. June 4, 2017. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  16. ^ "NYC-Bronx Community District 11--Pelham Parkway, Morris Park & Laconia PUMA, NY". Retrieved July 17, 2018.
  17. ^ a b Fraser, Lisa (April 3, 2013). "Morris Park: The Bronx's litte secret". am New York. Retrieved 2019-06-12.
  18. ^ a b Lasky, Julie (2018-08-29). "Morris Park, Bronx: Where Congeniality Flourishes". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-06-12.
  19. ^ a b Warshawer, Gabby (April 4, 2014). "No More Off to Races, Which Suits Morris Park: Once Home to the Belmont, Preakness Races, Bronx Area is Now Residential". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2014-04-06.
  20. ^ Morris Park, Bronx NY Detailed Profile - residents and real estate info
  21. ^ Liff, Bob; Sandberg, Lisa; McFarland, Stephen (October 14, 1996). "A Holiday for Everybody". New York Daily News. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  22. ^ Wilson, Michael (October 13, 2003). "A Yankee Loving Mayor, From His Head to (Almost) His Toes". New York Times. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  23. ^ Trefethen, Sarah; Rosenbaum, Sophia (October 12, 2015). "Bronx Columbus Day Parade Draws 3,000". New York Post. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  24. ^ Congressional District 12, New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. Accessed May 5, 2017.
  25. ^ New York City Congressional Districts, New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. Accessed May 5, 2017.
  26. ^ "U.S. House Election Results 2018". The New York Times. January 28, 2019. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  27. ^ Senate District 33, New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. Accessed May 5, 2017.
    • Senate District 34, New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. Accessed May 5, 2017.
  28. ^ 2012 Senate District Maps: New York City, New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. Accessed November 17, 2018.
  29. ^ "NY Senate District 34". NY State Senate. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
  30. ^ Assembly District 50, New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. Accessed May 5, 2017.
  31. ^ 2012 Assembly District Maps: New York City, New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. Accessed November 17, 2018.
  32. ^ "New York State Assembly Member Directory". Assembly Member Directory. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  33. ^ Current City Council Districts for Bronx County, New York City. Accessed May 5, 2017.
  34. ^ "District 13". New York City Council. March 25, 2018. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  35. ^ "District 15". New York City Council. March 25, 2018. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  36. ^ "Loreto Park". New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
  37. ^ "Patrolman Slain in Chase of Thugs". New York Times. July 22, 1950. p. 19. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  38. ^ "5,000 Police Honor Slain Patrolman". New York Times. July 26, 1950. p. 50. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  39. ^ "O.D.M.P. Remembers Patrolman Alfred Loreto". odmp.org. Officer Down Memorial Page. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
  40. ^ Signorile, Vito (July 11, 2011). "Much anticipated renovations underway at Loreto Park". Bronx Times Reporter. Retrieved 2011-07-14.
  41. ^ Wirsing, Robert (March 18, 2016). "Veterans museum curator Garofalo passes, 95". Bronx-Times Reporter. Retrieved 2016-03-25.
  42. ^ "Family, friends remember Bronx WWII vet". Retrieved 2016-03-21.
  43. ^ Vincent M. Mallozzi, In a Bronx Funeral Parlor, a Veteran’s War Memorial, The New York Times, June 10, 2008 (retrieved October 20, 2010)
  44. ^ "The Scavenger". Vimeo. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
  45. ^ "NYPD – 49th Precinct". www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
  46. ^ "Pelham Parkway: Baychester, Westchester Square – DNAinfo.com Crime and Safety Report". www.dnainfo.com. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
  47. ^ "49th Precinct CompStat Report" (PDF). www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  48. ^ "Squad 61/Battalion 20". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  49. ^ "FDNY Firehouse Listing – Location of Firehouses and companies". NYC Open Data; Socrata. New York City Fire Department. September 10, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  50. ^ "Engine Company 97". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  51. ^ "Best 30 Hospitals in Bronx, NY with Reviews". Yellow Pages. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  52. ^ "Morris Park, New York City-Bronx, New York Zip Code Boundary Map (NY)". United States Zip Code Boundary Map (USA). Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  53. ^ "Location Details: Morris Park". USPS.com. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  54. ^ "Morris Park / Bronxdale – BX 11" (PDF). Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy. 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
  55. ^ "Morris Park New York School Ratings and Reviews". Zillow. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  56. ^ "P.S. 083 Donald Hertz". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  57. ^ "P.S. 105 Sen Abraham Bernstein". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  58. ^ "P.S. 108 Philip J. Abinanti". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  59. ^ "P.S./M.S. 11X498 - VAN NEST ACADEMY". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  60. ^ "Bronx High School for the Visual Arts". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  61. ^ "About the Morris Park Library". The New York Public Library. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  62. ^ a b "Bronx Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
  63. ^ "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 1, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • DiBrino, Nicholas. The History of the Morris Park Racecourse and the Morris Family (1977)