Mortaio da 260/9 Modello 16

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Mortaio da 260/9 Modello 16
260-9 Mod. 16.jpg
A 260/9 mortar in firing position.
TypeHeavy mortar
Siege gun
Place of origin France
Service history
In service1916-1945
Used by Kingdom of Italy
 Spain
WarsFirst World War
Spanish Civil War
Second World War
Production history
DesignerSchneider
Designed1910
ManufacturerAnsaldo
Vickers-Terni
VariantsMortaio da 260/9 S
Specifications
MassTravel: 12.56 t (12.36 long tons)
Combat: 11.83 t (11.64 long tons)
Barrel only: 4.17 t (4.10 long tons)
Length5.6 m (18 ft 4 in)
Barrel length2.73 m (8 ft 11 in) L/9
Width2.18 m (7 ft 2 in)[1]

ShellCased separate-loading
Shell weight215–223 kg (474–492 lb)
Caliber260 mm (10 in)
BreechInterrupted screw
RecoilHydro-pneumatic
CarriageBox trail
Elevation+20° to +65°
Traverse12°[1]
Rate of fireSustained: 1 round every 12 minutes
Maximum: 2 rounds every 4 minutes
Muzzle velocity350 m/s (1,100 ft/s)
Effective firing range9.1 km (6 mi)[1]

The Mortaio da 260/9 Modello 16 - was an Italian Heavy mortar and Siege Gun designed by the French Schneider Company and produced under license in Italy by Ansaldo and Vickers-Terni for the Italian Army. It was used by the Italian Army during both the First World War and Second World War.

History[edit]

After the independence and unification of Italy, the Italians were not self-sufficient in arms design and production. Foreign firms such as Armstrong, Krupp, Schneider, and Vickers all provided arms and helped establish local production of their designs under license.

Although the majority of combatants had heavy field artillery prior to the outbreak of the First World War, none had adequate numbers of heavy guns in service, nor had they foreseen the growing importance of heavy artillery once the Italian Front stagnated and trench warfare set in. Fortresses, armories, coastal fortifications, and museums were scoured for heavy artillery and sent to the front. Suitable field and rail carriages were built for these guns in an effort to give their forces the heavy field artillery needed to overcome trenches and hardened concrete fortifications.[2]

Design[edit]

  • Mortaio da 260/9 S - This was the original Schneider design supplied to the Italian Army. It had a steel box trail carriage, a recoil spade, two wooden spoked wheels with steel rims, a gun shield, a hydro-pneumatic recoil mechanism, a Schneider interrupted screw breech, it fired cased separate-loading ammunition with up to eight bagged charges to vary velocity and range. The box trail carriage had a large hollow section near the breech to allow for high angle fire and like other large Schneider guns, there was an integrated loading tray attached to the breech.[3] Its combat weight was 12,147 kg (26,780 lb) and for transport, it could be broken down into two wagon loads. The barrel could be removed and moved on its own 5,660 kg (12,480 lb) wagon load, while the second 6,970 kg (15,370 lb) wagon load consisted of the carriage and a limber to support the tail of the carriage. On carriage, traverse was only 6°. Although the Italian classification lists the mortar as being 9 calibers in length it is actually 10.5 calibers. The Italian classification system didn't count the breech length like most other countries.[1]
  • Mortaio da 260/9 Modello 16 - This was the simplified design built in Italy in 1916. The gun barrel was the same but in action, the wheels were removed and the carriage formed a firing platform. The mortar could be transported in one piece and a detachable set of wooden spoked wheels with steel rims could be attached to the front of the carriage. The barrel could then be retracted rearward and laid on top of the trail for transport. The tail of the carriage was then supported by a limber for towing. Towing speed was 6–8 km/h (3.7–5.0 mph) and set up time was 24 hours. On carriage traverse was increased to 12°, but performance stayed the same. The German classification for the mortar was 26 cm Mrs 582(i).[1]

Organization[edit]

A mortar battery is composed of:

  • 4 mortars
  • 4 trailers
  • 2 machine guns
  • 1 utility cart
  • 4 trucks[1]

Photo Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Regio Esercito - Materiale bellico - Mortaio da 260/9 Mod. 1916". www.regioesercito.it. Retrieved 2018-07-03.
  2. ^ Hogg, Ian (2004). Allied artillery of World War One. Ramsbury: Crowood. pp. 129–134. ISBN 1861267126. OCLC 56655115.
  3. ^ "Les Établissements Schneider. Matériels d'artillerie et bateaux de guerre | Gallica". 2017-01-17. Retrieved 2018-07-03.