Murphy High School (Alabama)
|Murphy High School|
100 South Carlen Street
|Type||Public high school|
|Established||April 26, 1926|
|Education system||Mobile County Public School System|
|Color(s)||Blue and Gold|
|Newspaper||The Murphy Hi Times|
Murphy High School
|Area||27.6 acres (11.2 ha)|
|Architect||Perkins, Fellows, and Hamilton;|
Rogers, George B.
|Architectural style||Spanish Colonial Revival|
|NRHP reference #||82001612|
|Added to NRHP||November 4, 1982|
In 1922, the Mobile County Public School System (MCPSS) began to plan for the construction of a new high school that would serve the entire county, as the facilities of the now venerable 80 years old Barton Academy structure of Greek Revival architecture, in downtown, were becoming overcrowded and suffering from inadequate maintenance and difficult to maintain. In 1923 the Mobile County School Board acquired 38 acres (15.4 ha) from the Carlen family for the site of their proposed high school complex.
The cornerstone of the school was laid on 14 December 1925, and on 26 April 1926, Mobile High School opened. Construction costs totaled $850,000 for the first six buildings with an additional $200,000 spent on the gymnasium and the indoor pool installed in 1930. Two years after its opening the school's name was changed to Murphy High School in honor of Samuel Silenus Murphy, MCPSS superintendent from 1900 to 1926. While still called Mobile High School, the yearbook had been called the Mobile High Annual. At the change of the name to Murphy High School, the workers did not want to change the name of the yearbook. They agreed to shorten the name to Mohian, a shortened version of Mobile High Annual.
The school was desegregated in 1963 when three African American students brought a case against the Mobile County School Board for being denied admission to the then all-white school. The court ordered that the three students be admitted to Murphy for the 1964 school year. By the fall of 1970, following stringent desegregation efforts in Alabama, 1,500 of the school's 2,140 students were African American. At the same time, the school had 34 African American teachers on its 87-member faculty.
In 1982 Murphy High School was placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the U.S. Department of the Interior. In 1987 it was selected as a Presidential Model School by the U.S. Department of Education. Redbook magazine named Murphy as one of the top high schools in the United States and one of the largest high schools in Alabama in 1994. Murphy students were featured in the Seventeen magazine issue for November 1996 fashion trends in high school. Several students from the classes of 1997 and 1998 were included in the magazine.
On December 25, 2012, Murphy High School was hit directly by an EF2 wedge tornado, which caused significant damage to the campus. Students and faculty were relocated. They finished the remainder of the 2012 school year at the former Shaw High School in west Mobile while the Murphy campus was rebuilt. On August 19, the renovated storm-damaged high school campus reopened.
- Buddy Aydelette, former NFL player, Green Bay Packers
- Jason English, professional football player currently playing for the Colorado Ice
- James M. Fail, philanthropist
- Kathryn P. Hire, NASA astronaut
- Bobby Jackson, former NFL player
- Joey Jones, former football player for the Atlanta Falcons, current special teams coordinator at Mississippi State
- Alex Lincoln, former Auburn University and San Francisco 49ers linebacker
- Ivan Maisel, college football writer for ESPN
- Jim Mason, former MLB player (Washington Senators, Texas Rangers, New York Yankees, Toronto Blue Jays, Montreal Expos)
- Keith McCants, former football player for the University of Alabama and the Tampa Bay Buccaneers.
- Mardye McDole, former NFL player, Minnesota Vikings
- Captain Munnerlyn, professional football player of the Carolina Panthers
- Solomon Patton, former NFL player
- Sidney Phillips, US Marine and lifelong friend of Eugene Sledge.
- Dennison Robinson, Former Arena Football League player for the Chicago Rush
- Phil Savage, Philadelphia Eagle Player Personnel Executive, Senior Bowl Executive Director
- Billy Shipp, former NFL and CFL Football Player for the Toronto Argonauts, Montreal Alouettes and the New York Giants. Member of the Mobile Sports Hall of Fame.
- Don Siegelman, former governor of the state of Alabama
- Cleo Simmons, former NFL player
- Eugene Sledge, US Marine, author, professor
- John Steber, former NFL player
- Mickey Sutton, former NFL player
- Erick Walder, long jumper, Olympic Silver Medal, 1997 Athens
- Clifton "C. C." Williams, NASA astronaut and US Marine
- Jerrel Wilson, former NFL player Kansas City Chiefs, Mississippi Sports Hall of Fame 2011
- "Murphy High School". National Center for Education Statistics. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Murphy High School". "Public School Review LLC website". Retrieved 2007-12-08.
- "School History". "Murphy High School Alumni Association". Archived from the original on March 31, 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-11.
- Thomason, Michael. Mobile : the new history of Alabama's first city, pages 260-261. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8173-1065-7
- United States Department of Health Education and Welfare (DHEW) Office for Civil Rights, Directory of Public Secondary and Elementary Schools in Selected Districts: Fall 1970, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1972, p. 16.
- Superintendent: Murphy damaged 'more than meets the eye' | Fox10tv.com Archived 2013-01-23 at Archive.today
- "Philanthropist James Fail endows principal cello chair" (Press release). Mobile Symphony. 2007. Archived from the original on May 11, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
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