Musselshell County, Montana

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Musselshell County
The Musselshell County Courthouse in Roundup
The Musselshell County Courthouse in Roundup
Map of Montana highlighting Musselshell County
Location within the U.S. state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 46°29′N 108°24′W / 46.49°N 108.4°W / 46.49; -108.4
Country United States
State Montana
FoundedFebruary 2, 1911[1]
SeatRoundup
Largest cityRoundup
Area
 • Total1,871[2] sq mi (Formatting error: invalid input when rounding km2)
 • Land1,868 sq mi (4,840 km2)
 • Water2.8 sq mi (7 km2)  0.1%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
4,651
 • Density2.4/sq mi (0.9/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitemusselshellcounty.org
 
  • Montana county number 23

Musselshell County is a county in south-central Montana. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 4,538.[3] Its county seat is Roundup.[4]

History[edit]

Musselshell County was created in 1911 by Montana Governor Edwin L. Norris. The area was taken from Fergus, from Yellowstone, and Meagher counties. It was named for the Musselshell River which runs southwest-northeast through the county. That river had been thus named in 1805 by the Lewis and Clark Expedition, due to the abundance of freshwater mussels found along its banks. In 1915, a western portion of the county was partitioned off to form Golden Valley County, giving Musselshell County its present boundaries.

The county's northwestern area is rolling grasslands, which slope southeastward to the Musselshell River and the forested Bull Mountains in the southeast. The county has abundant natural resources of coal deposits, subterranean oil, and timbered slopes.[1]

Geography[edit]

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,863.91 square miles (4,827.5 km2), of which 1,861.16 square miles (4,820.4 km2) is land and 2.75 square miles (7.1 km2) (0.1%) is water.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Politics[edit]

In the fourteen national elections after its organization, Musselshell County voters selected Republican presidential candidates 50% of the time, and Democratic candidates 50% of the time. However, since the 1968 election, the Republican candidate has been selected in every election.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[6]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 80.6% 1,967 13.6% 332 5.8% 142
2012 76.2% 1,833 20.4% 492 3.4% 82
2008 68.6% 1,581 27.6% 636 3.9% 89
2004 74.0% 1,663 23.9% 538 2.1% 46
2000 71.7% 1,582 23.2% 512 5.1% 113
1996 54.0% 1,121 31.4% 652 14.6% 303
1992 39.3% 876 29.1% 648 31.6% 704
1988 58.1% 1,280 40.7% 898 1.2% 26
1984 65.3% 1,541 33.1% 781 1.6% 37
1980 58.0% 1,279 35.6% 784 6.4% 141
1976 54.1% 1,117 44.7% 922 1.3% 26
1972 61.1% 1,202 35.0% 689 3.9% 76
1968 51.2% 953 42.7% 795 6.2% 115
1964 40.9% 823 59.1% 1,189 0.0% 0
1960 50.1% 1,107 49.8% 1,100 0.1% 3
1956 51.1% 1,165 48.9% 1,115 0.0% 0
1952 50.1% 1,253 49.6% 1,240 0.4% 9
1948 40.5% 1,010 47.6% 1,188 11.9% 298
1944 42.3% 1,004 56.5% 1,342 1.2% 29
1940 36.8% 1,086 61.2% 1,807 2.0% 59
1936 25.6% 771 69.4% 2,092 5.0% 151
1932 36.0% 1,021 55.8% 1,584 8.3% 235
1928 50.6% 1,608 45.4% 1,444 4.1% 129
1924 45.6% 1,488 7.6% 247 46.9% 1,532
1920 59.2% 1,910 29.5% 951 11.3% 364
1916 42.9% 1,738 50.3% 2,036 6.8% 275
1912 30.8% 483 30.0% 470 39.2% 615[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
192012,030
19307,242−39.8%
19405,717−21.1%
19505,408−5.4%
19604,888−9.6%
19703,734−23.6%
19804,42818.6%
19904,106−7.3%
20004,4979.5%
20104,5380.9%
Est. 20184,651[8]2.5%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2018[3]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[13] there are 4,497 people, 1,878 households, and 1,235 families in the county. The population density is 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There are 2,317 housing units at an average density of <1/km² (1/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county is 96.91% White, 0.07% Black or African American, 1.27% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. 1.60% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. 26.6% were of German, 14.8% English, 8.4% Norwegian, 8.1% Irish and 7.4% American ancestry. 96.5% spoke English and 2.6% German as their first language.

There are 1,878 households out of which 27.20% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% are married couples living together, 6.60% have a female householder with no husband present, and 34.20% are non-families. 30.10% of all households are made up of individuals and 13.80% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.33, and the average family size is 2.91.

The county population contained 23.40% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 24.00% from 25 to 44, 29.40% from 45 to 64, and 17.50% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 43 years. For every 100 females there are 95.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 95.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $25,527, and the median income for a family is $32,298. Males have a median income of $25,000 versus $17,813 for females. The per capita income for the county is $15,389. 19.90% of the population and 13.00% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 31.70% of those under the age of 18 and 10.50% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,538 people, 2,046 households, and 1,276 families in the county.[14] The population density was 2.4 inhabitants per square mile (0.93/km2). There were 2,654 housing units at an average density of 1.4 per square mile (0.54/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 96.1% white, 1.3% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.6% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 28.1% were German, 16.5% were English, 16.1% were Irish, 7.6% were Norwegian, and 7.0% were American.[16]

Of the 2,046 households, 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.6% were non-families, and 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.78. The median age was 49.1 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $37,033 and the median income for a family was $47,860. Males had a median income of $33,182 versus $25,750 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,875. About 14.1% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.6% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.[17]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Town[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b About Musselshell County
  2. ^ The NaCo site lists county area as 1,871 sq. miles; the Census Bureau site lists 1,867.15; the Musselshell County website shows 1,965.
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on December 5, 2014. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  6. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 3, 2018. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |website= (help)
  7. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 400 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 215 votes.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved August 5, 2019.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  14. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  18. ^ Delphia MT Google Maps (accessed 4 January 2019)
  19. ^ Elso, MT Google Maps (accessed 4 January 2019)
  20. ^ Queens Point MT Google Maps (accessed 4 January 2019)

Coordinates: 46°29′N 108°24′W / 46.49°N 108.40°W / 46.49; -108.40