|Locale||Nanchang, Jiangxi, China|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||2 (operational)|
1 (under construction)
|Number of stations||41 (2017)|
|Daily ridership||601,913 (2018 Peak)|
|Began operation||December 26, 2015 (Line 1)|
|Operator(s)||Nanchang Rail Transit Group Co., Ltd.|
|System length||44.3 km (44.3 km) (In operation)|
162 km (162 km) (planned)
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Nanchang Rail Transit|
Nanchang Metro (also known as Nanchang Rail Transit in official documents) is a metro system in Nanchang, Jiangxi, China. As of 2017, two lines are operational. The Metro opened for commercial operation in December 2015.
The network is expected to exceed 122.2 km in length in 2020 after Phase 2 is finished. Additional complementary lines are also being considered. Five lines are planned with a total length of 163 km of network (excluding the extension of Line 1 & Line 2 planned in the Phase 2).
The construction of a rail transit system in Nanchang was first proposed in the beginning of the 2000s. The population of the urban core of Nanchang is projected to reach 3.5 million people by 2020. In August 2005, Jiangxi Provincial Development & Reform Commission and Nanchang City Government replied to the proposal of building a metro system, and the City Government considered listing the proposal in the Eleventh Five-year plan. In November, a plan of 4 metro and 1 light rail was drafted. In 2006, the City officially started the research of building a rail transit system. In the second half of 2007, the prophase research of the construction of the system was initiated. On 30 July 2008, the construction of Nanchang Metro was formally included in the priority agenda.
In 2008, Nanchang was approved to build a rail transit system by the State Council, and Nanchang Rail Transit Group Co., Ltd. was incorporated on 16 October 2008 to construct and operate Nanchang Metro. On 15 September, the planned 5 routes were notified to the public, which was approved by the State Council in July 2009. On 29 July 2009, the construction of Nanchang City Rapid Rail Transit officially began, and also on the same day the detailed route and construction plan of the five lines was proclaimed at the press conference.
In April 2013, the Government planned to acquire approval for all 5 lines by 2014, start constructing all planned lines from 2015, and plan Line 6 to Line 10 to complement the existing network.
On 31 May 2013, Nanchang Government submitted three candidate plans for the Phase 2 construction (2014-2020) to the expert panel, which chose the compromising Plan 2. According to the plan, Line 2 will be extended to both directions from 2014，Line 1 from 2016; the construction of Line 3 will start as soon as September 2014, and Line 4 will be constructed as soon as September 2015.
Construction of Line 1 has started on 29 July 2009, and the line opened on December 26, 2015. As of August 2013, the construction of Line 2 also started with the first section opening on August 18, 2017.
Lines in operation
|Yaohu Lake West
|Name||No. of Sta.||Length (km)||Route|
|Line 1||24[† 1]||28.7[† 1]||Lehua—Jiaoqiao—Fenghe Bei Dadao—Fenghe 2 Lu—Shimao Lu—Zhongshan Xi Lu—Zhongshan Lu—Bayi Square—Beijing Lu—Yaohu Dadao|
|Line 2||21[† 1]||23.3[† 1]||Jiulonghu—CR Nanchang West railway station—Xizhan Dajie—Guoti Dadao—Fenghe Dadao—Fenghuang 1 Lu—Yangming Lu—Bayi Dadao—Luoyang Lu—CR Nanchang railway station—Shunwai Lu—Shanghai Lu—Guangzhou Lu—Luojia Town|
|Line 3||22||27.2||Yaohu North—Minfeng Lu—Danxia Lu—Qingshan Lu—Bayi Dadao—Dieshan Lu—Xiangshan Bei Lu—Xiangshan Nan Lu—Shenjinta Jie—Shizi Jie—Jingshan Bei Lu—Yingbin Dadao—Liantang|
|Line 4||25||35.2||Wangcheng—CR Nanchang West Station—Xizhan Dajie—Chaoyangzhou South—Fusheng Lu—Hongcheng Lu—Hongdu Dadao—Nanjing Dong Lu—Shanghai Lu—Guowei Lu—Huoju Dadao|
|Line 5||25||34||Xialuo—Changleng Dadao—Xuefu Dadao—Honggu Nan Dadao—Xuefu Dadao—Chaoyang Dadao—Jiangling Xi Lu—Gaoxin Dadao|
Nanchang Metro planned to operate with Model-B rolling stock, whose cars are 2.8 m in width, 3.8 m in height and 19 m in length, providing the system with maximum capacity of 30,000 to 55,000 passenger per hour per direction.
Single ticket will be available as plastic packaged RFID coin like many other cities in China. Existing pre-payment smart cards such as local Hongcheng Tong (Chinese: 洪城通) are also expected to be used in Nanchang Metro.
- The data of station numbers and length of Line 1 & Line 2 are only applicable to Phase I
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nanchang Metro.|
- 南昌地铁1号线推迟至2015年底通车 明确11个建设节点
- 黄培红 (2013-06-01). "南昌第二轮地铁建设规划94.1公里". 信息日报. Retrieved 2013-08-10.
- 袁思东 (2013-04-11). "南昌考虑再建五条地铁线 拟规划到十号线形成半小时经济圈". 信息日报. Retrieved 2013-08-10.
- 南昌地铁远景规划征询民意 将有5条地铁线路
- ""五大规划"绘南昌新景-55,33,3,外围,车速,时段,之内,车辆,到达,系统,自行车,走廊,上述,客运站,红角州,出行,-江西新闻". jiangxi.jxnews.com.cn. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
- 南昌初步规划4条地铁 并将建设一条轻轨线
- 南昌将启动轨道交通研究 红谷隧道工程设计年内完成
- 审批权下放 南昌建地铁有望加速
- 南昌轨道交通有限公司 - 社会日常生活 - 百科全书 - 价值中国网
- 南昌市城市快速轨道交通线网及建设规划公众征询意见 Archived 2013-07-20 at the Wayback Machine
- 南昌地铁公司挂牌 远景规划5条地铁线
- 国务院同意南昌建设地铁 1号线有望年内动工
- 南昌城市快速轨道交通工程开工奠基 Archived 2010-04-15 at the Wayback Machine
- 地铁，一个城市梦想如花绽放(图)[permanent dead link]
- 南昌地铁线路站点公布 1号线2014年通车
- 南昌考虑再建五条地铁线 拟规划到十号线形成半小时经济圈
- 专家把脉南昌地铁第二轮建设规划 三套方案备选
- 信息日报. "南昌第二轮地铁建设规划94.1公里". 大江网. Retrieved 2013-08-10.
- 南昌地铁三四号线拟建19.7公里高架 1号线北延至昌北机场
- "快讯：南昌地铁1号线12月26日正式开通试运营-地铁-江西新闻网". jiangxi.jxnews.com.cn. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
- "高清图：南昌地铁开通啦！市民买票排长队如"春运"-南昌,地铁,开通,-江西新闻网". jiangxi.jxnews.com.cn. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
- "南昌地铁2号线（首通段）开通试运营 南昌迎来地铁换乘时代-新华网". news.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
- 南昌地铁拟采用B型车 单向每小时载乘客5.5万人次
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nanchang Metro.|