Nanchang Metro

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Nanchang Rail Transit
Overview
LocaleNanchang, Jiangxi, China
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines2 (operational)
1 (under construction)
5 (planned)
Number of stations41 (2017)
Daily ridership601,913 (2018 Peak)[1]
Websiteofficial site
Operation
Began operationDecember 26, 2015 (Line 1)[2]
Operator(s)Nanchang Rail Transit Group Co., Ltd.
Technical
System length44.3 km (44.3 km) (In operation)
162 km (162 km) (planned)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
System map

Nanchang Metro Route Map 201806.png

Nanchang Rail Transit
Simplified Chinese南昌轨道交通
Traditional Chinese南昌軌道交通
Nanchang Metro
Simplified Chinese南昌地铁
Traditional Chinese南昌地鐵

Nanchang Metro (also known as Nanchang Rail Transit in official documents) is a metro system in Nanchang, Jiangxi, China. As of 2017, two lines are operational. The Metro opened for commercial operation in December 2015.[2]

The network is expected to exceed 122.2 km in length in 2020 after Phase 2 is finished.[3] Additional complementary lines are also being considered.[4] Five lines are planned with a total length of 163 km of network[5] (excluding the extension of Line 1 & Line 2 planned in the Phase 2).

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

The construction of a rail transit system in Nanchang was first proposed in the beginning of the 2000s.[6] The population of the urban core of Nanchang is projected to reach 3.5 million people by 2020.[7] In August 2005, Jiangxi Provincial Development & Reform Commission and Nanchang City Government replied to the proposal of building a metro system, and the City Government considered listing the proposal in the Eleventh Five-year plan.[8] In November, a plan of 4 metro and 1 light rail was drafted.[9][10] In 2006, the City officially started the research of building a rail transit system.[11] In the second half of 2007, the prophase research of the construction of the system was initiated.[6] On 30 July 2008, the construction of Nanchang Metro was formally included in the priority agenda.[12]

Plans[edit]

Initial Plan[edit]

The Xinhua Bookstore by Bayi Square was detonated to make space for Nanchang Metro Line 1

In 2008, Nanchang was approved to build a rail transit system by the State Council,[13] and Nanchang Rail Transit Group Co., Ltd. was incorporated on 16 October 2008 to construct and operate Nanchang Metro.[14] On 15 September, the planned 5 routes were notified to the public,[5][15][16][17] which was approved by the State Council in July 2009.[18][19] On 29 July 2009, the construction of Nanchang City Rapid Rail Transit officially began,[20][21] and also on the same day the detailed route and construction plan of the five lines was proclaimed at the press conference.[22]

In April 2013, the Government planned to acquire approval for all 5 lines by 2014, start constructing all planned lines from 2015, and plan Line 6 to Line 10 to complement the existing network.[23][24]

Phase 2[edit]

On 31 May 2013, Nanchang Government submitted three candidate plans for the Phase 2 construction (2014-2020) to the expert panel,[25][26] which chose the compromising Plan 2.[27][28] According to the plan, Line 2 will be extended to both directions from 2014,Line 1 from 2016; the construction of Line 3 will start as soon as September 2014, and Line 4 will be constructed as soon as September 2015.[27][29]

Construction[edit]

Construction of Line 1 has started on 29 July 2009,[20] and the line opened on December 26, 2015.[30][31] As of August 2013, the construction of Line 2 also started with the first section opening on August 18, 2017.[32]

Lines in operation[edit]

Line Terminals
(District)
Commencement Newest
Extension
Length
km
Stations
 1  Shuanggang
(Qingshanhu)
Yaohu Lake West
(Nanchang Co.)
2015 28.7 24
 2  Metro Central
(Qingshanhu)
Nanlu
(Xinjian)
2017 19.6 17
Total 44.3 41

Infrastructure[edit]

Lines[edit]

Planned network of Nanchang Metro
Name No. of Sta. Length (km) Route
Line 1 24[† 1][33] 28.7[† 1] Lehua—Jiaoqiao—Fenghe Bei Dadao—Fenghe 2 Lu—Shimao Lu—Zhongshan Xi Lu—Zhongshan Lu—Bayi Square—Beijing Lu—Yaohu Dadao
Line 2 21[† 1] 23.3[† 1] Jiulonghu—CR Nanchang West railway station—Xizhan Dajie—Guoti Dadao—Fenghe Dadao—Fenghuang 1 Lu—Yangming Lu—Bayi Dadao—Luoyang Lu—CR Nanchang railway station—Shunwai Lu—Shanghai Lu—Guangzhou Lu—Luojia Town
Line 3 22 27.2 Yaohu North—Minfeng Lu—Danxia Lu—Qingshan Lu—Bayi Dadao—Dieshan Lu—Xiangshan Bei Lu—Xiangshan Nan Lu—Shenjinta Jie—Shizi Jie—Jingshan Bei Lu—Yingbin Dadao—Liantang
Line 4 25 35.2 Wangcheng—CR Nanchang West Station—Xizhan Dajie—Chaoyangzhou South—Fusheng Lu—Hongcheng Lu—Hongdu Dadao—Nanjing Dong Lu—Shanghai Lu—Guowei Lu—Huoju Dadao
Line 5 25 34 Xialuo—Changleng Dadao—Xuefu Dadao—Honggu Nan Dadao—Xuefu Dadao—Chaoyang Dadao—Jiangling Xi Lu—Gaoxin Dadao

Rolling Stock[edit]

Nanchang Metro planned to operate with Model-B rolling stock, whose cars are 2.8 m in width, 3.8 m in height and 19 m in length, providing the system with maximum capacity of 30,000 to 55,000 passenger per hour per direction.[34]

Ticketing[edit]

Single ticket will be available as plastic packaged RFID coin like many other cities in China.[35] Existing pre-payment smart cards such as local Hongcheng Tong (Chinese: 洪城通) are also expected to be used in Nanchang Metro.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d The data of station numbers and length of Line 1 & Line 2 are only applicable to Phase I

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://m.xinhuanet.com/jx/2018-01/02/c_1122195763.htm
  2. ^ a b 南昌地铁1号线推迟至2015年底通车 明确11个建设节点
  3. ^ 黄培红 (2013-06-01). "南昌第二轮地铁建设规划94.1公里". 信息日报. Retrieved 2013-08-10.
  4. ^ 袁思东 (2013-04-11). "南昌考虑再建五条地铁线 拟规划到十号线形成半小时经济圈". 信息日报. Retrieved 2013-08-10.
  5. ^ a b 南昌地铁远景规划征询民意 将有5条地铁线路
  6. ^ a b 南昌地铁建设备忘录--大江专题
  7. ^ ""五大规划"绘南昌新景-55,33,3,外围,车速,时段,之内,车辆,到达,系统,自行车,走廊,上述,客运站,红角州,出行,-江西新闻". jiangxi.jxnews.com.cn. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
  8. ^ “南昌建地铁”提案获答复
  9. ^ 南昌初步规划4条地铁 并将建设一条轻轨线
  10. ^ 南昌4条地铁布局初定
  11. ^ 南昌将启动轨道交通研究 红谷隧道工程设计年内完成
  12. ^ 南昌地铁建设列入政府重要议程
  13. ^ 审批权下放 南昌建地铁有望加速
  14. ^ 南昌轨道交通有限公司 - 社会日常生活 - 百科全书 - 价值中国网
  15. ^ 南昌市城市快速轨道交通线网及建设规划公众征询意见 Archived 2013-07-20 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ 南昌地铁远景规划征询民意(图)
  17. ^ 南昌地铁公司挂牌 远景规划5条地铁线
  18. ^ 国务院同意南昌建设地铁 1号线有望年内动工
  19. ^ 南昌市城市轨道交通近期建设规划(2009-2016年)通过批准
  20. ^ a b 南昌城市快速轨道交通工程开工奠基 Archived 2010-04-15 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ 地铁,一个城市梦想如花绽放(图)[permanent dead link]
  22. ^ 南昌地铁线路站点公布 1号线2014年通车
  23. ^ 南昌考虑再建五条地铁线 拟规划到十号线形成半小时经济圈
  24. ^ 南昌市市长陈俊卿:2015年五条地铁全部开建
  25. ^ 南昌未来7年有望建成3至4条地铁
  26. ^ 专家把脉南昌地铁第二轮建设规划 三套方案备选
  27. ^ a b 地铁3号线一期工程明年下半年或开工
  28. ^ 信息日报. "南昌第二轮地铁建设规划94.1公里". 大江网. Retrieved 2013-08-10.
  29. ^ 南昌地铁三四号线拟建19.7公里高架 1号线北延至昌北机场
  30. ^ "快讯:南昌地铁1号线12月26日正式开通试运营-地铁-江西新闻网". jiangxi.jxnews.com.cn. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
  31. ^ "高清图:南昌地铁开通啦!市民买票排长队如"春运"-南昌,地铁,开通,-江西新闻网". jiangxi.jxnews.com.cn. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
  32. ^ "南昌地铁2号线(首通段)开通试运营 南昌迎来地铁换乘时代-新华网". news.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
  33. ^ 南昌市轨道交通1号线一期工程可行性研究报告获批准
  34. ^ 南昌地铁拟采用B型车 单向每小时载乘客5.5万人次
  35. ^ 南昌地铁单程票采用筹码式车票

External links[edit]