National Democratic Congress (Ghana)
|Leader||John Dramani Mahama|
|General Secretary||Asiedu Nketia|
|Founded||28 July 1992|
|Headquarters||Adama Ave, Adabraka, Accra|
|International affiliation||Progressive Alliance|
Green, White, Red, Black
|Slogan||Unity, Stability and Development|
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|The Umbrella with the Head of a Dove at the Tip|
The National Democratic Congress (NDC) is a social democratic political party in Ghana, founded by Jerry Rawlings, who was Head of State of Ghana from 1981 to 1993 and the President of Ghana from 1993 to 2001. Following the formation of the Provisional National Defence Council (PNDC) which ruled Ghana following the military coup d'état on 31 December 1981, there was pressure from the international community to restore democracy. The NDC was formed as the ruling party ahead of elections in 1992, in which Rawlings was elected president, and in 1996 Rawlings was re-elected as the NDC candidate. Rawlings' second term ended in 2001. The NDC lost the presidency in the 2000 election, and it was not until the 2008 election that they regained it with candidate John Atta Mills.
The NDC party symbol is an umbrella with the head of a dove at the tip. The party colors are red, white, green, and black, and the party slogan or motto is "Unity, stability, and development." Internationally, the NDC is a member of the Progressive Alliance and Socialist International.
The NDC has contested all national elections since its inception.
The 2000 election was the first presidential election since 1992 that an incumbent president was not on the ballot. Jerry Rawlings' eight-year tenure had expired as per the Constitution of Ghana. John Atta Mills became the presidential candidate of the National Democratic Congress at a special delegate congress held in Ho in the Volta Region of Ghana. He was popularly acclaimed the presidential candidate of the party for the 2000 presidential election. Vice-President. John Atta Mills lost in 2000 to New Patriotic Party's John Kufour after two rounds of voting.
In the 2004 elections the party's manifesto called for "A Better Ghana". John Atta Mills ran again for the NDC in the 2004 presidential elections, winning 44.6% of the vote, but losing to the New Patriotic Party. In the general elections held on 7 December 2004, the party won only 94 of the 230 seats.
On 21 December 2006, Mills was overwhelmingly elected by the NDC as its candidate for the 2008 presidential election with a majority of 81.4%, or 1,362 votes. Ekwow Spio-Garbrah was second with 8.7% (146 votes), Alhaji Mahama Iddrisu was third with 8.2% (137 votes), and Eddie Annan was fourth with 1.7% (28 votes). In April 2008, John Mahama was chosen as the party's vice-presidential candidate. On 3 January 2009, Mills was certified as the victor of the 28 December 2008 run-off election and became the next president of Ghana.
2012 transfer of power and elections
President John Atta Mills died, after a short illness, in the afternoon of 24 July 2012 while still in office. Vice President John Dramani Mahama of the NDC was sworn in as president that evening. The NDC picked John Dramani Mahama for their presidential candidate and sitting vice president Paa Kwesi Amissah-Arthur as their vice-presidential candidate for the 2012 elections.
In November 2015 after securing an overwhelming 1,199 118 out of a total of 1, 286, 728 votes representing 95.10% party members in the presidential primaries, President John Dramani Mahama was endorsed to lead the NDC in the 2016 general elections.
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Table presidential elections
|Election||Candidate||Number of votes||Share of votes||Outcome of election|
|2016||John Dramani Mahama||4,713,277||44.4%||NDC opposition|
|2012||John Dramani Mahama||5,574,761||50.7%||Mahama NDC government|
|2008 (2)||John Atta Mills||4,501,466||50.1%||Mills NDC government|
|2008 (1)||John Atta Mills||4,056,634||47.9%||2nd round election|
|2004||John Atta Mills||3,850,368||44.6%||NDC opposition|
|2000 (2nd)||John Atta Mills||2,728,241||43.3%||NDC opposition|
|2000 (1st)||John Atta Mills||2,895,575||44.8%||2nd round election|
|1996||Jerry Rawlings||4,099,758||57.4%||2nd Rawlings NDC government|
|1992||Jerry Rawlings||2,327,600||58.4%||Rawlings NDC government|
Since the NDC was formed, it has formed two governments following elections, and a third following the death of President Mills. The list of governments is as follows:
- Rawlings Military regime (1981–1993)
- Rawlings government (1993–2001)
- Mills government (2009–2012)
- Mahama government (2012–2016)
- "Dr. Spio replaces Jewel Ackah in NDC song composition". ghanaweb.com. 20 October 2018. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
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- List of Member Parties of the Socialist International Archived 3 November 2013 at Archive.today.
- "Presidential Candidates Ghana Elections 2012". GhanaWeb. Archived from the original on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 18 March 2017.
- "National Democratic Congress Manifesto 2004 "A Better Ghana"" (PDF). GhanaWeb. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 March 2007.
- Ghana News Agency (GNA) (22 December 2006). "NDC Congress Results – Prof Wins". Modern Ghana. Archived from the original on 19 March 2017. Retrieved 18 March 2017.
- "Mills Chooses John Mahama As Running Mate". ModernGhana. 10 April 2008. Archived from the original on 19 October 2008.
- "Opposition Leader Wins Ghana Poll". BBC. 3 January 2009. Archived from the original on 4 January 2009. Retrieved 3 January 2009.
- "The Executive - President of the Republic of Ghana". Ghana Government Portal. Archived from the original on 7 October 2012.
- Ghana Web (22 November 2015). "Mahama Gets 95.10% NDC Endorsement For 2016 Elections". Ghana Web. Ghana Web. Archived from the original on 23 January 2018. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
- "REPUBLIC OF GHANA – PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION OF DECEMBER 2012". Adam Carr. Archived from the original on 28 May 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
- "REPUBLIC OF GHANA – PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION OF DECEMBER 2008". Adam Carr. Archived from the original on 13 March 2011. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
- "07 December 2004 Presidential Election". Albert C. Nunley. Archived from the original on 30 May 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
- "REPUBLIC OF GHANA – PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION OF DECEMBER 2000". Adam Carr. Archived from the original on 28 February 2011. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
- "07 December 1996 Presidential Election". Elections in Ghana. Albert C. Nunley. Archived from the original on 30 May 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
- "03 November 1992 Presidential Election". Elections in Ghana. Albert C. Nunley. Archived from the original on 30 May 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
Provisional National Defence Council
| Governments of Ghana
1993 – 2001
(New Patriotic Party)
(New Patriotic Party)
| Governments of Ghana
& Mahama government
2009 – 2016
(New Patriotic Party)