National Fascist Union (Argentina)

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National Fascist Union

Unión Nacional Fascista
Historic LeaderNimio de Anquín
Founded1936 (1936)
Dissolved1939 (1939)[1]
Preceded byArgentine Fascist Party
IdeologyFascism
Clerical fascism
Nacionalismo
Anti-communism
Political positionFar-right

The National Fascist Union (Unión Nacional Fascista, UNF) was a fascist political party formed in Argentina in 1936, as the successor to the Argentine Fascist Party.[2]

In August 1936, UNF leader Nimio de Anquín attempted to force students at a law school in Cordoba to pledge a statement of support for the Spanish general Francisco Franco.[3] Police responded with a crackdown against Argentine nationalists.[3] Support for the UNF surged after two nationalists were shot in the Colegio Montserrat in 1938.[3] In the aftermath of the Montserrat murders, Anquin denounced the middle and upper class for complicity and cowardice and claimed that "communism, Judaism, and degenerate Radicalism" were responsible for causing the murders.[4] Anquín called for the mourners to swear "by God, honour, and the Fatherland, to return the homicidal bullet".[4]

By 1939, the UNF was largely defunct, and Anquín returned to his hometown to resume his earlier career as a lecturer.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Philip Rees (1990). Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890. p. 97.
  2. ^ Renate Marsiske, Lourdes Alvarado (2006). Movimientos estudiantiles en la historia de América Latina. Mexico City, Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma. p.58.
  3. ^ a b c Sandra McGee Deutsch (1999). Las Derechas: The Extreme Right in Argentina, Brazil, and Chile, 1890-1939. Stanford University Press. p.216.
  4. ^ a b Sandra McGee Deutsch (1999). Las Derechas: The Extreme Right in Argentina, Brazil, and Chile, 1890-1939. Stanford University Press. p.217.