National Security Council (India)
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|Rāṣṭrīya Surakṣā Pariṣad of India|
|Formed||19 November 1998|
|Jurisdiction||Government of India|
|Headquarters||National Security Council Secretariat, Sardar Patel Bhawan, Sansad Marg, New Delhi|
The National Security Council (NSC) (IAST: Rāṣṭrīya Surakṣā Pariṣad) of India is an executive government agency tasked with advising the Prime Minister's Office on matters of national security and strategic interest. It was established by the former prime minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee on 19 November 1998, with Brajesh Mishra as the first National Security Advisor. Prior to the formation of the NSC, these activities were overseen by the Principal Secretary to the preceding Prime Minister.
Besides the National Security Advisor (NSA), the Deputy National Security Advisors (DNSA), the Ministers of Defence, External Affairs, Home, Finance of the Government of India, and the Vice Chairman of the NITI Aayog are members of the National Security Council. Other members may be invited to attend its monthly meetings, as and when it's required.
The NSC is the apex body of the three-tiered structure of the national security management system in India. The other two tiers are the Strategic Policy Group, and the National Security Advisory Board.
Strategic Policy Group
The Strategic Policy Group is the first level of the three tier structure of the National Security Council. It forms the nucleus of the decision-making apparatus of the NSC. Earlier, Cabinet Secretary was its chairman, but now National Security Advisor is the chairman of the group and it consists of the following members:
- Cabinet Secretary (Pradeep Kumar Sinha, IAS)
- Governor of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) (Shaktikanta Das)
- Foreign Secretary (Dr. Vijay Keshav Gokhale, IFS)
- Defence Secretary (Sanjay Mitra, IAS)
- Home Secretary (Rajiv Gauba, IAS)
- Finance Secretary and Secretary (Revenue) (Dr. Hasmukh Adhia, IAS)
- Secretary (Research) (i.e. the head of the Research and Analysis Wing) (Samant Goel, IPS)
- Chief of the Army Staff (General Bipin Rawat)
- Chief of the Naval Staff (Admiral Karambir Singh)
- Chief of Air Staff (Air Chief Marshal Birender Singh Dhanoa)
- Chairperson, Central Board of Direct Taxes (Pramod Chandra Mody, IRS (IT))
- Secretary (Defence Production) (Dr. Ajay Kumar, IAS)
- Secretary (Atomic Energy) (Dr. Sekhar Basu)
- Secretary (Space) and ex-officio Chairman, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) (Dr. K. Sivan)
- Chairman of the Joint Intelligence Committee (JIC) (R. N. Ravi, IPS)
- Director of the Intelligence Bureau (Arvind Kumar, IPS)
- Scientific Advisor to the Defence Minister and Chairman of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) (Dr. G. Satheesh Reddy)
- Director General of Defence Intelligence Agency (Lieutenant General A. S. Bedi)
The Strategic Policy Group undertakes the Strategic Defence Review, a blueprint of short and long term security threats, as well as possible policy options on a priority basis.
National Security Advisory Board
The brainchild of the first National Security Advisor (NSA), Brajesh Mishra, a former member of Indian Foreign Service. The National Security Advisory Board (NSAB) consists of a group of eminent national security experts outside of the government. Members are usually senior retired officials, civilian as well as military, academics and distinguished members of civil society drawn from and having expertise in Internal and External Security, Foreign Affairs, Defence, Science & Technology and Economic Affairs.
The first NSAB, constituted in December 1998, headed by the late K. Subrahmanyam produced a draft Nuclear Doctrine for the country in 2001, a Strategic Defence Review in 2002 and a National Security Review in 2007.
The board meets at least once a month, and more frequently as required. It provides a long-term prognosis and analysis to the NSC and recommends solutions and address policy issues referred to it. Initially the Board was constituted for one year, but since 2004-06, the Board has been reconstituted for two years. 
The tenure of the previous NSAB, headed by former Foreign Secretary Shyam Saran, ended in January 2015. It had 14 members.
Joint Intelligence Committee
The Joint Intelligence Committee (JIC) of the Government of India analyses intelligence data from the Intelligence Bureau, Research and Analysis Wing and the Directorates of Military, Naval and Air Intelligence. The JIC has its own Secretariat that works under the Cabinet Secretariat.
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- Gupta, Arvind. "Brajesh Mishra's Legacy to National Security and Diplomacy". Institute of Defence Studies and Analyses. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
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- Official website of the National Security Advisory Board
- Center for Contemporary Conflict - Indian Internal Security and Intelligence Organization
- Espionage Info - India, Intelligence and Security
- FAS - Directorate for Inter-Services Intelligence
- Global Security - India Intelligence and Security Agencies