National Socialist League (United States)
|Headquarters||Los Angeles, California|
|Part of the Politics and elections and Politics series on|
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"“If Homosexuals can be Capitalists, we can be Communists...then why can’t we be National Socialists? Join the first and only Homophile organization for National Socialists!!” -NSL Pamphlet
The National Socialist League (NSL) was a neo-Nazi political party in the United States that existed from 1974 until the late-1980s. It was originally founded by a man named Jim Cherry, but was quickly taken over by Russell Veh, a neo-nazi and transplant to Los Angeles, California from Ohio. Veh financed the party using the profits from his printing business. He also financed the party with a film distribution unit that specialized in Nazi propaganda films, including Triumph of the Will. The National Socialist League had chapters in various parts of California, and implied in their mass mailing on July 4, 1978 that they had established an offshoot organization in Manhattan. The NSL perhaps represents gay fascism at its most organized (so far), and emerges just as ‘gay’ coalesced as a political subject, identity, and actor on the United States political stage.
The party was founded in 1974 by Jim Cherry and several other California-based neo-Nazis. Just five years after the Stonewall Riots early reports suggest that there were as many as 400 members of the National Socialist League in San Francisco alone. While exact numbers are incredibly difficult to verify, the organization had a wide circulation and organized across city and state lines.
The National Socialist League was unique in restricting its members to gay Nazi men. The group distributed membership applications declaring NSL's "determination to seek sexual, social, and political freedom" for Aryans. It argued that gay men had a role in maintaining the "white race" and that they were meant to be a military and cultural vanguard. They summarized this position in their 12 point credo.
In 1977 NSL applied for a free table at the Los Angeles Gay Pride Parade and was denied, although Christopher Street West – the organization which runs LA Pride – had at that time a policy of total non-exclusion. This resulted in major debates within the community and coalesced in 1978 when Christopher Street West reversed its total non-exclusion stance and said that as a private organization they could act to endorse their community principles.
During its span of operation the National Socialist League put out a journal called NS Kampfruf, later renamed NS Mobilizer. The magazine contained typical Nazi rhetoric as well as drawings of scantily clad SS soldiers with swastikas covering their genitals to emphasize the "sexual trip" described by the recruiting pitch.
Organizing efforts in San Francisco
The National Socialist League placed advertisements identifying themselves as the Gay Nazis that included their phone number in order to recruit new members during 1974 and 1975 in the classified ad section of the San Francisco gay newspaper the Bay Area Reporter. The NSL also advertised in the leather magazine Drummer, despite apprehension and personal dislike of Nazism by editor Jack Fritscher.
Anti-Jewish film distribution controversy
While normally low-profile, the NSL stirred a controversy in 1983 when it attempted to market the infamous 1930s Nazi anti-Semitic film Jud Süß ("Süss the Jew") which had been pirated by the group. An article in the Los Angeles-based Heritage and S.W. Jewish Press, titled "'Gay Nazis Peddling Vile 'Jud Suss' Film", named Veh and the National Socialist League as responsible for pushing this. "We are most familiar with Mr. Veh (which is an alias, incidentally) and his notorious operations," said legitimate film distributor, David Calbert Smith III.
- Edmund Heines
- Ernst Röhm
- Kenneth Anger
- Michael Kuehnen
- The Pink Swastika
- Nicky Crane
- Homosexuals in Nazi Germany
- ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, National Socialist League Collection, Folder 1
- ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, National Socialist League Collection, Folder 6
- Kaplan, Jeffrey (2000). Encyclopedia of White Power: A Sourcebook of the Radical Right. p. 316. ISBN 978-0-7425-0340-3.
- D'Emilio, John. (1983). Sexual politics, sexual communities : the making of a homosexual minority in the United States, 1940-1970. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226142655. OCLC 8728658.
- Newton, Michael (2007). The Ku Klux Klan: History, Organization, Language, Influence and Activities of America's Most Notorious Secret Society. p. 182. ISBN 978-0-7864-2787-1.
- Southern Poverty Law Center Intelligence Report, Fall 2000
- Kaplan, Jeffrey. "Russell Veh." Encyclopedia of White Power: a Sourcebook on the Radical Racist Right, Altamira Press, 2000, pp. 317–317.
- Mullins, Wayman C. "National Socialist League." Terrorist Organizations in the United States: an Analysis of Issues, Organizations, Tactics, and Responses, CC Thomas, 1988, pp. 94–94.
- Back issues of the Bay Area Reporter, available at the Main Library of the San Francisco Public Library, located at 100 Larkin St.
- Fritscher, Jack, and Mark Hemry. "Drummer 19: Astrologic Capricorn." Gay San Francisco: Eyewitness Drummer: a Memoir of the Sex, Art, Salon, Pop Culture War, and Gay History of Drummer Magazine, the Titanic 1970s to 1999, vol. 1, Palm Drive Pub., 2008, pp. 405–405.
- Heritage and S.W. Jewish Press, September 16, 1983