Nechirvan Barzani

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Nechirvan Barzani
نێچیرڤان بارزانی
Nechirvan Barzani meets with Ali Shamkhani, Tehan 21 January 2018 (29915) (cropped).jpg
President of Iraqi Kurdistan
Assumed office
10 June 2019
Prime MinisterMasrour Barzani
Vice PresidentJaafar Sheikh Mustafa
Mustafa Said Qadir[1]
Preceded byMasoud Barzani
Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan
In office
7 March 2012 – 31 May 2019
PresidentMasoud Barzani
Preceded byBarham Salih
Succeeded byMasrour Barzani
In office
1 March 2006 – 31 August 2009
PresidentMasoud Barzani
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byBarham Salih
Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan (KDP)
In office
20 December 1999 – 14 June 2005
PresidentMasoud Barzani
Preceded byRowsch Shaways
Succeeded byPosition abolished
Personal details
Born
Nechirvan Idris Barzani

(1966-09-21) 21 September 1966 (age 52)
Barzan, Iraq
Political partyKurdistan Democratic Party
Spouse(s)Nabila Barzani
Children5
Alma materUniversity of Tehran

Nechirvan Idris Barzani (Kurdish: نێچیرڤان بارزانی‎ / Nêçîrvan Îdrîs Barzanî; born 21 September 1966) is a Kurdish politician who has been President of the Kurdistan Regional Government of Iraqi Kurdistan since June 2019.[2][3] He previously served as Prime Minister from March 2006 to August 2009 and March 2012 to May 2019.

Early years[edit]

Barzani was born in 1966 in Barzan, Iraq. The word Nêçîr means hunt in the Kurdish language, and Nêçîrvan means the hunter. Barzani as a surname reflects the individual's origin from Barzan. In 1975, his family was forced into exile in Iran. He often accompanied his father, Idris, on official visits to Middle Eastern and European countries, a foreshadowing of his future political career. Following the sudden death of his father, he took up an active role in Kurdish politics, working in PDK youth organizations. He is the grandson of PDK (Kurdistan Democratic Party) founder Mustafa Barzani as well as nephew of the former president of the Iraqi Kurdistan Region, Massoud Barzani.[4]

Political activity[edit]

Nechirvan Barzani Prime Minister of KRG Greets Condoleezza Rice United States Secretary of State at Erbil International Airport, October 6, 2006.

Barzani was elected to the KDP central committee at its 10th Congress in 1989 and re-elected at the 11th Congress in 1993, when he assumed a position in the political bureau. After the 1991 Gulf War, he participated in the negotiations with the Iraqi government. In 1996, he was appointed deputy prime minister of the Kurdistan Democratic Party's controlled region in Iraqi Kurdistan. Following the unification process in 2005 between the main Kurdish parties and the formation of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG), elections were held. In 2006, Barzani was selected as the Prime Minister of the KRG. His term was expected to end in 2008 but after an agreement by the majority coalition in power, Barzani's term was extended until the elections of 2009.

From September 2009 to January 2012, a Kurdish politician from the ruling KDP-PUK coalition, Barham Salih, replaced Barzani as prime minister. Barzani was reappointed as prime minister in 2012 as part of a political agreement by the ruling coalition.[5]

Many of Barzani's supporters believe that he played an important role in developing the Kurdistan Region. During his first term as prime minister, his supporters nicknamed his cabinet as "The Development Cabinet" praising his work in the development of the Kurdistan region.[6]

On 28 May 2019, out of 81 MPs who participated at the session, Barzani was elected as the President of Kurdistan Region by the votes of 68 MPs.[7]

Personal life[edit]

Washington & Jefferson College presented Barzani with an honorary Doctor of Public Service degree in a ceremony held on May 17, 2008.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://dckurd.org/2019/07/09/kurdistans-weekly-brief-july-9-2019/
  2. ^ "Iraqi Kurdistan region swears in new president". Arab News. June 11, 2019.
  3. ^ "Nechirvan Barzani takes presidency of Iraq's Kurdish region, vacant..." June 10, 2019 – via www.reuters.com.
  4. ^ Rubin, Michael (October 2002). "Interview: Nechervan Idris Barzani". Middle East Intelligence Bulletin. 4 (10). Retrieved 15 June 2012.
  5. ^ Razzouk, Nayla (5 March 2012). "Nechirvan Barzani to Take Over as Iraq Kurd Premier on March 7". Bloomberg.
  6. ^ a b "Prime Minister of the Kurdistan Regional Government to Receive Honorary Degree at W&J Commencement Ceremon". Archived from the original on 2008-05-05.
  7. ^ "Nechirvan Barzani elected president of Iraq's Kurdish region". www.aljazeera.com.
Political offices
Preceded by
Rowsch Shaways
Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan (KDP)
1999–2005
Position abolished
New office Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan
2006–2009
Succeeded by
Barham Salih
Preceded by
Barham Salih
Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan
2012–2019
Succeeded by
Masrour Barzani
Preceded by
Masoud Barzani
President of Iraqi Kurdistan
2019–present
Incumbent