New Mexico State Road 478

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State Road 478 marker

State Road 478
NM 478 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by NMDOT
Length24.342 mi[2] (39.175 km)
Existed1950s[1]–present
HistoryThe entire highway is a former section of US 80 and US 85
Major junctions
South end NM 460 in Anthony
 
North end US 70 in Las Cruces
Location
CountiesDoña Ana
Highway system
  • State Roads in New Mexico
NM 475NM 480

State Road 478 (NM 478) is a 24.17-mile- (38.90 km) long state highway located entirely within Doña Ana County, New Mexico. Starting in Anthony and ending in Las Cruces, NM 478 was once a section of historic US 80, a major transcontinental highway between San Diego, California and Savannah, Georgia. In 1946, it also became part of U.S. Route 85, when the latter highway was extended south to the Mexican border in El Paso, Texas. US 80 and US 85 were rerouted onto a newer alignment to the east in the mid 1950s. This was also around the time the older highway was designated NM 478. For two years, the southern terminus of NM 478 also served as the national western terminus of US 80 until that highway was removed from New Mexico completely in 1991. Today, NM 478 remains on much the same route it has since it was first designated and serves several old US 80/US 85 communities long since bypassed by I-10

History[edit]

NM 1 was a predecessor of present day NM 478.
The Kilby Motel on old US 80/US 85 (now NM 478) in Las Cruces. This is currently the oldest motel in Las Cruces still standing.

The first designated highway between Anthony at the Texas state line and Las Cruces was New Mexico State Road 1 in 1912.[1] NM 1 continued past Las Cruces through Albuquerque and Santa Fe to the Colorado state line near Raton. The road to Lordsburg was designated NM 4 while the road to Alamogordo was designated NM 3. Between Las Cruces and Anthony, NM 1 passed through Berino and Mesquite.[3] The Dixie Overland Highway auto trail was designated over NM 1 in 1917. The Dixie Overland Highway was the first marked route to run between Savannah, Georgia and southern California.[4] The auto trail entered New Mexico through Anthony from El Paso, Texas, then traveled north to Mesilla Park where it turned west to Deming, Lorsburg and Steins, before heading south into Rodeo and southwest into Arizona towards Douglas.[5] By 1920, the Bankhead Highway was also designated over the southern part of NM 1, further joined by the Old Spanish Trail in 1923.[4][6] In 1917, Texas State Highway 1 was designated from the south end of NM 1 to El Paso along the Dixie Overland Highway.[7] On November 11, 1926, the United States Department of Agriculture and the American Association of State Highway Officials approved and designated a new numbered transcontinental highway system known as the United States Numbered Highway System.[8] NM 1 was designated as part of U.S. Route 80 between Anthony and Las Cruces, while the section north of Las Cruces became U.S. Route 85. US 80 was also designated over the entirety of NM 4 between Las Cruces and Lordsburg. Much like the Dixie Overland Highway before it, US 80 also ran between San Diego and Savannah.[4] Due to the introduction of the U.S. Highway System into New Mexico, the State Highway Department undertook a massive reorganization of the state highway system in 1927 to better include the new routes.[1] As such, NM 1 was removed in its entirety as was NM 4 in favor of both US 80 and US 85.[9]

The only major change to the route for many years was a slight realignment of US 80 through downtown Las Cruces in the 1930s.[10] By 1939, US 70 had replaced NM 3 between Alamogordo and Las Cruces and multiplexed with US 80 from Las Cruces to Lordsburg.[1] To this day, US 70 still travels between Alamogordo and Lordsburg.[11] In 1946, US 85 was extended south to the Mexican border in El Paso, multiplexing with US 80 from Las Cruces into Texas.[12][13] By 1956, US 80 and US 85 were moved onto a new alignment between Anthony and Las Cruces bypassing the older route through Berino, Vado, Mesquite, Fillmore and Mesilla Park. The old route was re-designated NM 478.[14] The new bypass was later rebuilt to Interstate highway standards and became part of Interstate 10. I-10 replaced all of US 80 through western Texas, New Mexico and part of Arizona.[10] As such, US 80 was truncated to the southern terminus of NM 478 in 1989. In 1991, US 80 was removed from New Mexico completely and the small remaining section became part of NM 460.[4][10] Much like it did when first designated, NM 478 still ends in the south at NM 460 (former US 80) and US 70 within Las Cruces at the north.[10]

Route description[edit]

Roadside businesses on the side of NM 478, dating back to the US 80/US 85 days.

The entire route of NM 478 is 24.172 miles (38.901 km) long.[2] NM 478 begins at a traffic circle in Anthony with NM 460 and heads due northwest through rural farmland as a two lane highway. In the small community of Berino, NM 478 passes an intersection with Berino Road (NM 226). Further north, the highway passes the western terminus of NM 189 NM 478 reaches Mesquite where it meets NM 192 and NM 228 at a signaled intersection at the center of the small community. A few miles after passing a Y shaped intersection with Show Road, a county maintained highway leading to Mesilla, NM 478 enters the Las Cruces metro area becoming Main Street. After passing Tortugas Drive (NM 138) and Union Avenue (NM 373) NM 478 reaches a pair of freeway ramps at Conway Avenue. There is only an exit ramp and entrance ramp for I-10 east (unsigned US 85 south and US 180 east) here. Drivers can access I-10 west (unsigned US 85 north/US 180 west) via southbound NM 188 (Valley Drive} or eastbound NM 101 a few blocks north. At the intersection and northern terminus of NM 28, NM 478 curves northeast. NM 28 is known as Avenida de Mesilla and is the main drag through the old Mexican village.[15]

NM 478 meets with NM 342, which uses a pair of one way streets. One block north at Bowman Avenue, NM 478 itself splits into two one way streets, with the northbound lanes using Church Street, while the southbound lanes use Water Street.[15] Until Recently, Main Street between the two lanes was a pedestrian street, only just recently rebuilt into a through street for traffic. This area is the heart of downtown Las Cruces.[10] Shortly after Water Street and Church Street converge back into Main Street, NM 478 reaches its northern terminus at a signalized intersection with US 70 at Picacho Street. To the left, westbound US 70 to Deming and Lordsburg is former US 80 west and US 85 north.[15]

Along the highway between Anthony and Las Cruces are several old businesses and relics from the era when NM 478 was part of US 80 and US 85. Many have been closed down and abandoned due to being bypassed by the Interstate. Several old motels and restaurants dot the highway in Las Cruces, including some of the earliest motels built along US 80 in New Mexico.[10]

Major intersections[edit]

The entire route is in Doña Ana County.

Locationmi[16]kmDestinations[15]Notes
Anthony0.0000.000 NM 460 to I-10 – El PasoSouthern terminus; former US 80/US 85
Berino4.8277.768 NM 226 west (Berino Road) – ChamberinoEastern terminus of NM 226
Vado8.52913.726 NM 189 west – La MesaEastern terminus of NM 189
8.76014.098 NM 227 east (Vado Road)Western terminus of NM 227
Mesquite12.30819.808 NM 192 west (Mesquite Drive) / NM 228 east – San MiguelWestern terminus of NM 192; eastern terminus of NM 228
14.01422.553Snow Road – La Mesilla
20.46632.937 NM 138 east (Tortugas Drive)Western terminus of NM 138
Las Cruces20.99333.785Union AvenueFormer eastern terminus of NM 373
21.20634.128 I-10 east – El PasoNo access from NM 478 to I-10 west; no access from I-10 west to NM–478
21.44434.511 NM 101 (University Avenue) – Mesilla
22.70036.532 NM 188 (Valley Drive) to I-10 – Tucson, El PasoFormer US 80/US 85
22.71836.561 NM 28 south (Avenida de Mesilla) – MesillaNorthern terminus of NM 28
23.390–
23.455
37.643–
37.747
NM 342 east (Lohman Avenue)
NM 342 west (Amador Avenue)
Lohman Avenue and Amador Avenue are a one-way pair
24.34239.175 US 70 (Picacho Avenue) – Deming, AlamogordoNorthern terminus; US 70 west is former US 80 west/US 85 north
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Wallace, Laurel T. (October 2004). "Historic Highways in the NMDOT System" (PDF) (PDF). NMDOT Technical Series. 2004-1. Santa Fe, New Mexico. Retrieved October 18, 2018 – via New Mexico Department of Transportation.
  2. ^ a b "Posted Route–Legal Description" (PDF). New Mexico Department of Transportation. March 16, 2010. p. 20. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
  3. ^ New Mexico State Engineer's Office (1914). New Mexico State Highway System With Divisions and Sections (JPEG) (Map). 1:1,900,800. Santa Fe, New Mexico. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d Weingroff, Richard F. (October 17, 2013). "U.S. Route 80: The Dixie Overland Highway". Highway History. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved October 17, 2018.
  5. ^ Rand McNally and Company (1924). "District Number 17, (Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona)" (Map). Commercial Atlas of America. Rand McNally AutoTrails Map. 1:2,290,000. Rand McNally and Company. pp. 428 and 429. Retrieved October 17, 2018.
  6. ^ Laskow, Sarah. "Resurrecting the Original Road Trip on Americas' Ghost Highway". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved October 17, 2018.
  7. ^ "Minutes of the Tenth and Adjourned Regular Monthly Meeting of the State Highway Department" (PDF). Mineral Wells, Texas. June 21, 1917. Retrieved October 18, 2018 – via Texas Department of Transportation.
  8. ^ Bureau of Public Roads & American Association of State Highway Officials (November 11, 1926). United States System of Highways Adopted for Uniform Marking by the American Association of State Highway Officials (Map). 1:7,000,000. Washington, DC: United States Geological Survey. OCLC 32889555. Archived from the original on November 9, 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2016 – via University of North Texas Libraries.
  9. ^ Rand McNally and Company (1927). "Arizona and New Mexico" (Map). Rand McNally Auto Road Atlas of the United States and Ontario, Quebec, and the Maritime Provinces of Canada. 1:2,500,000. Chicago: Rand McNally and Company. p. 67. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d e f Jensen, Jeff (2013). Drive the Broadway of America!. Tucson, Arizona: Bygone Byways. ISBN 9780978625900.
  11. ^ "TIMS Road Segments by Posted Route/Point with AADT Info; US-Routes" (PDF). New Mexico Department of Transportation. June 8, 2016. p. 22. Retrieved October 19, 2018.
  12. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "U.S. Highway No. 85". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
  13. ^ Shell Oil Company; H.M. Gousha Company (1951). Shell Highway Map of Arizona and New Mexico (Map). 1:1,774,080. Chicago: Shell Oil Company. Retrieved April 1, 2015 – via David Rumsey Map Collection.
  14. ^ Shell Oil Company; H.M. Gousha Company (1956). Shell Highway Map of New Mexico (Map). 1:1,393,920. Chicago: Shell Oil Company. Retrieved April 16, 2015 – via David Rumsey Map Collection.
  15. ^ a b c d Google (October 19, 2018). "Map of New Mexico State Road 478" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved October 19, 2018.
  16. ^ "TIMS Road Segments by Posted Route/Point with AADT Info; NM, NMX-Routes" (PDF). New Mexico Department of Transportation. April 3, 2013. p. 22. Retrieved December 22, 2013.

External links[edit]

Route map:

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