Newry Customs Office Bomb

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Newry Customs Office Bomb
Part of The Troubles
Newry Customs Office Bomb is located in Northern Ireland
Newry Customs Office Bomb
Newry customs office
LocationNewry County Armagh, Northern Ireland
Date22 August 1972
TargetNewry customs office
Attack type
Time bomb
Deaths9 (6 civilians 3 IRA volunteers
Non-fatal injuries
20
PerpetratorProvisional IRA

On 22 August 1972 a bomb planted by the Provisional Irish Republican Army, an Irish republican paramilitary group, detonated prematurely at a customs office in Newry. 6 civilians and 3 IRA members were killed in the explosion. The event was one of the bloodiest of 1972, the deadliest year of The Troubles.[1][2]

Background[edit]

Since 1971 the Provisional IRA had been waging a campaign to end British rule in Northern Ireland. Gun and bomb attacks became daily occurrences in the province as the campaign continued. In January 1972 soldiers from the Parachute Regiment shot dead 14 civil rights marchers in Derry, in an event later known as Bloody Sunday (1972). The attack enraged the Nationalist community and as a result support for the IRA surged. In the coming months the ferocity of the conflict, and as a result number of casualties, rose dramatically.

While military installations and civilian businesses were targeted alike, civilians were rarely themselves targets in IRA attacks. Despite this civilians often fell accidental victim to the nascent paramilitary group's operations. This most prominently occurred on Bloody Friday (1972), when several bombs planted by the IRA exploded in quick succession in Belfast. As a result of the bombs 9 people were killed.

Newry, a mainly Nationalist town near the Irish border, was a stronghold of the IRA. Numerous attacks had already taken place in the town, leading to the deaths of 2 police officers and 1 soldier.

The attack[edit]

Three IRA members walked into the office. The bomb exploded prematurely, killing the IRA members and six civilians. A number of the civilians killed worked at the customs office. [3] [4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict 1972". cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 2018-12-24.
  2. ^ "CAIN: Sutton Index of Deaths". cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 2018-12-24.
  3. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1972/08/23/archives/explosion-in-ulster-kills-8-2-apparently-the-bombers.html
  4. ^ https://www.irishtimes.com/news/politics/what-if-brexit-brings-the-violence-back-1.3665559