Nils Boe

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Nils Boe
Nils Boe.jpg
Senior Judge of the United States Court of International Trade
In office
April 30, 1984 – July 30, 1992
Judge of the United States Court of International Trade
In office
November 1, 1980 – April 30, 1984
Appointed byoperation of law
Preceded bySeat established by 94 Stat. 1727
Succeeded byNicholas Tsoucalas
Chief Judge of the United States Customs Court
In office
1971–1977
Preceded byPaul Peter Rao
Succeeded byEdward D. Re
Judge of the United States Customs Court
In office
August 10, 1971 – November 1, 1980
Appointed byRichard Nixon
Preceded bySamuel Murray Rosenstein
Succeeded bySeat abolished
23rd Governor of South Dakota
In office
January 5, 1965 – January 7, 1969
LieutenantLem Overpeck
Preceded byArchie M. Gubbrud
Succeeded byFrank Farrar
28th Lieutenant Governor of South Dakota
In office
1963–1965
GovernorArchie M. Gubbrud
Preceded byJoseph H. Bottum
Succeeded byLem Overpeck
Personal details
Born
Nils Andreas Boe

(1913-09-10)September 10, 1913
Baltic, South Dakota, U.S.
DiedJuly 30, 1992(1992-07-30) (aged 78)
Sioux Falls, South Dakota, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
EducationUniversity of Wisconsin–Madison (A.B.)
University of Wisconsin Law School (LL.B.)

Nils Andreas Boe (September 10, 1913 – July 30, 1992)[1] was an American attorney who served as the 23rd Governor of South Dakota from 1965 to 1969. He served as a Judge of the United States Customs Court, later the United States Court of International Trade.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

Boe was born in Baltic in Minnehaha County, South Dakota. He was the youngest son of Lutheran minister Nils N. Boe (1861–1938) and Sissel Catherine Finseth (1874–1960), both immigrants from Norway.[3] He received an Artium Baccalaureus degree in 1935 from the University of Wisconsin–Madison, where he was a member of the track team, and received a Bachelor of Laws in 1937 from the University of Wisconsin Law School. Boe served as a Lieutenant in the United States Navy during World War II.[4][5]

Career[edit]

Boe was later elected to the state legislature representing Sioux Falls from 1953 to 1958. He was the 28th Lieutenant Governor from 1963 to 1965 and Governor from 1965 to 1969. Boe, who was unmarried, was South Dakota's only bachelor governor. His sister, Borghild Marie Boe (1906-1994), served as the state's official hostess during his term in office.[6]

The Boe administration improved the state's reservoir system, enacted a worker training program to attract new industry to South Dakota, increased state aid to schools, and created a retirement program for state employees.[citation needed] The administration also was noteworthy for advocating property tax cuts and starting the state's educational television system.[citation needed] The legislature also passed laws prohibiting employment discrimination against women and guaranteeing women equal wages for equal work.[citation needed]

After leaving office, Boe was appointed by President Richard Nixon as the first director of the Office of Intergovernmental Affairs in the Executive Office of the President of the United States from 1969 to 1971.[4]

Federal Judicial Service[edit]

Boe was nominated by President Richard Nixon on July 28, 1971, to a seat on the United States Customs Court vacated by Judge Samuel Murray Rosenstein. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on August 6, 1971, and received his commission on August 10, 1971. He served as Chief Judge from 1971 to 1977. He was reassigned by operation of law on November 1, 1980, to the United States Court of International Trade, to a new seat authorized by 94 Stat. 1727. He assumed senior status on April 30, 1984. His service terminated on July 30, 1992, due to his death. He was succeeded by Judge Nicholas Tsoucalas.[4]

Death[edit]

Boe died of cancer on July 30, 1992, at Sioux Valley Hospital in Sioux Falls, South Dakota.[7]

Legacy[edit]

In 1971, members of the Boe family had established an endowment at Augustana College (now Augustana University) for the Center for Western Studies to support a non-partisan lecture series. Nils Boe is memorialized by The Boe Forum on Public Affairs conducted annually at Augustana University.[4][8][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nils Boe". Soylent Communications. Retrieved 2 September 2012.
  2. ^ "Nils Andreas Boe - Governor, Judge and Presidential Aide 1913-1992". Washington High School Historical Committee. January 2012. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
  3. ^ Minnehaha County, South Dakota (1920 Federal Census)
  4. ^ a b c d Nils Andreas Boe at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  5. ^ "Norwegian Lutheran Pastors of America, 1843-1927". Ancestorinfo.com. January 2012. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
  6. ^ "Trail of Governor: Governor Nils Andreas Boe". Trail of Governors. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
  7. ^ Lambert, Bruce. "Judge Nils Boe, 78; S. Dakota Governor And Aide to Nixon".
  8. ^ "Governor Nils Andreas Boe". Trail of Governors Foundation. January 2012. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
  9. ^ "The Boe Forum on Public Affairs". Augustana University. January 2012. Retrieved January 1, 2016.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Joseph H. Bottum
Lieutenant Governor of South Dakota
1963–1965
Succeeded by
Lem Overpeck
Preceded by
Archie M. Gubbrud
Governor of South Dakota
1965–1969
Succeeded by
Frank Farrar
Legal offices
Preceded by
Samuel Murray Rosenstein
Judge of the United States Customs Court
1971–1980
Succeeded by
Seat abolished
Preceded by
Paul Peter Rao
Chief Judge of the United States Customs Court
1971–1977
Succeeded by
Edward D. Re
Preceded by
Seat established by 94 Stat. 1727
Judge of the United States Court of International Trade
1980–1984
Succeeded by
Nicholas Tsoucalas