|Nyishi, Nisi, Nishing|
|Region||Arunachal Pradesh, Assam|
|298,820 (2011 census)|
Nyishi (also known as Nishi, Nisi, Nishang, Nissi, Nyising, Leil, Aya, Akang, Bangni-Bangru, Solung is a Sino-Tibetan language of the Tani branch spoken in Papum Pare, Lower Subansiri, Kurung Kumey, Kra Daadi, East Kameng, Pakke Kesang, Kamle districts of Arunachal Pradesh and Darrang District of Assam in India. According to 2011 census of India, the population of the Nishi speakers is 300,000 approximately. Though there are plenty of variations across regions, the dialects of Nishi, such as Akang, Aya, hill-miri, Mishing, Tagin are easily mutually intelligible. With the exception of the rather small in population Bangni-Bangru and Solung Dialects being very different from the formers. 'Nisi' is sometimes used as a cover term for western Tani languages.
The main origin of this language has been pointed out by George Abraham Grierson as ‘Dafla’. He included different varieties under a common name which is known as North Assam group. The varieties are Dafla, Miri and Abor according to him. Daflas used to denote them as ‘Nyi-Shi’. these tribes inhabited between the Assam Valley and Tibet. Then they started to spread in Lakhimpur, Sibsagar and Darrang Districts of Assam. Mr. William Robinson in his notes mentioned that Daflas were spread over a region from 92°50’ to 94° north latitude.
They are probably descendants of peoples who separated from Khasi 4,200 years ago.
Note: Calling Dafla now is a Criminal Offence by the Constitution of India.
- bénam – "to hold"
- benam – "to deliver"
- bènam – "to vomit"
This is the consonants of Nyishi. Where the orthography differs from the IPA, the orthography is bolded.
|Nasal||m||n||ny /ɲ/||ng /ŋ/|
Counting system differs in case of human vs. non-human objects.
- "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011". www.censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Nyishi–Hill Miri". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Abraham, P. T. "A Grammar of Nyishi Language" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
- Linguistic Survey Of India, Vol. III part I (Tibeto Burman Family) first published almost a century ago
- Lahiri, Bornini (2013). "Noun Cases in Nyishi" (PDF). New Delhi. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
Post, Mark W. (2013).  Paper presented at the 13th Himalayan Languages Symposium. Canberra, Australian National University, Aug 9.