Location of Nixon, Texas
|• Total||1.57 sq mi (4.06 km2)|
|• Land||1.56 sq mi (4.05 km2)|
|• Water||0.004 sq mi (0.01 km2)|
|Elevation||390 ft (119 m)|
|• Density||1,526/sq mi (589.2/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1363917|
Nixon is a city in Gonzales and Wilson counties in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 2,385 at the 2010 census. Nixon is located at (29.270443, -97.762423), primarily within Gonzales County. The city has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), all land.
The Wilson County portion of Nixon is part of the San Antonio Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city is served by the Nixon-Smiley Consolidated Independent School District.
Nixon was founded in 1906 as Nixonville, when the Galveston, Harrisburg and San Antonio Railway built its lines through the John T. Nixon Ranch.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,186 people, 686 households, and 506 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,928.1 people per square mile (746.9/km²). There were 803 housing units at an average density of 708.3 per square mile (274.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.99% White, 2.84% African American, 0.91% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 24.15% from other races, and 2.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 61.57% of the population.
There were 686 households out of which 42.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 17.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.53.
In the city, the population was spread out with 31.5% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 16.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $22,104, and the median income for a family was $25,139. Males had a median income of $21,250 versus $15,491 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,135. About 22.3% of families and 27.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.7% of those under age 18 and 25.0% of those age 65 or over.
The history of Nixon is defined by the dissolution of some of its major institutions.
In the early 20th-century, Nixon had a local newspaper titled Nixon News. It was forced to cease publication in the September of 1921. The editor cited reasons ranging from a lack of advertisement in the paper, lack of support from local businesses and apathy from the general community. The Daily Advocate newspaper of Victoria, Texas, during this period, suggested that the downscaling of another significant Texan paper was a related trend.
Texas Sheltered Care
In 2007, a former private facility in Nixon, "Texas Sheltered Care", that held children caught illegally crossing the US-Mexico border, was ordered closed due to allegations of sexual abuse. It operated under contract of the federal government's Department of Health and Human Services. Its 72 residents were sent to other shelters outside of Nixon, due to a lack of confidence of being able to reopen in the city. Immigration lawyers were forced to abandon their Nixon practices that served the detainees in the facility. The FBI and local authorities investigated the alleged incidents, with an accused staff member fired. The accused was later criminally charged and sentenced to prison.
- Little Joe – Tejano singer
- Andre Marrou – 1992 Libertarian Party presidential nominee
- Chris Marrou – former news anchor for KENS 5-TV in San Antonio
- Carlton McKinney – retired professional basketball player
In 2018, former Nixon city manager and local substitute teacher, Manuel Zepeda, was charged with 11 sexual felonies against children.
In 2011, former Nixon Councilman Auvye Trammel, having once served 21 years on the city council through two terms, was sentenced to 18 months in federal prison for connections with drug trafficking marijuana from Mexico; Trammel had posted bail for a known trafficker. He had also been prior charged for a chase involving the trafficker.
The then-current Nixon police chief was fired during the trafficking investigation just prior to Trammel’s arrest; the former chief cites reasons of retaliation for investigating the then-councilman, while the city claims he failed to meet occupational standards.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Population and Housing Unit Counts, 2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF). Texas: 2010. Retrieved 2017-01-06.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Boundary Map of Nixon, Texas". MapTechnica. Retrieved 2017-01-06.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- NIXON NEWS IS FORCED TO QUIT ITS PUBLICATION We have on our desk the final copy of the Nixon News, edited and owned by Riley Webb at Nixon, Texas. Editor Webb gives as his reason for suspending publication "the lack of advertising and support from the business men and the indifference shown toward the paper by the citizenship as a whole." Within the last few days we have also learned of the changing of one of the larger daily newspapers of the State, published in what is considered one of the best towns in the state, to a weekly publication. More than likely the same reasons prompted the owner of the big daily as prompted Riley Webb of the News...
- Immigrant youth shelter ordered closed
- Children removed from immigrant shelter
- UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT WESTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS SAN ANTONIO DIVISION...“The Nixon facility is owned and operated by Defendant Away From Home, Inc. doing business as Southwest Initiative Inc., a for-profit corporation also doing business as ‘Texas Sheltered Care.’”...
- Medina, Mariah (2018-06-12). "Former Nixon city manager indicted on 11 child sex crimes". KSAT. Retrieved 2019-01-22.
- Nixon alderman arrested on federal drug trafficking charge
- Nixon's Trammell sentenced to 18 months in federal prison
- Candidate for Bexar County sheriff defends firing from Nixon PD 7 years ago