North Dakota Constitutional Measure 1

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North Dakota Constitutional Measure 1[1] of 2004, is an amendment to the North Dakota Constitution that makes it unconstitutional for the state to recognize or perform same-sex marriages or civil unions. The referendum was approved by 73% of the voters.[2]

The text of the amendment states:

Marriage consists only of the legal union between a man and a woman. No other domestic union, however denominated, may be recognized as a marriage or given the same or substantially equivalent legal effect.[3]


Measure 1[4]
Choice Votes %
Referendum passed Yes 223,572 73.23
No 81,716 26.77
Total votes 305,288 100.00
Registered voters and turnout 482,722 63.24

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Election Results, 2004 General Election Archived 2008-02-13 at the Wayback Machine, North Dakota Secretary of State Election Management System. Accessed 20 December 2006.
  2. ^ Election 2004 - Ballot Measures Accessed 30 November 2006.
  3. ^ North Dakota Constitution Archived 2007-01-04 at the Wayback Machine, Article XI, section 28. Accessed 20 December 2006.
  4. ^ "2004 General Election Turnout Rates". United States Election Project. June 4, 2013. Archived from the original on July 9, 2013.

External links[edit]