Northern Triangle of Central America
The Northern Triangle of Central America refers to the three Central American countries of Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador, especially in regard to their economic integration. They have signed trade agreements with Colombia, the United States, and Mexico. The agreement with Mexico began in 2001, later involved the Mesoamerica Project, and expanded to Costa Rica and Nicaragua in 2011.
Within these countries there has been resistance, not so much to integration among the countries, but as it relates to negotiation policy outside the region, especially from groups like Guatemalan tenant farmers of the Petén region and the Honduran business class.
This region has one of the highest rates of intentional homicide for a country. According to the United Nations, in 2011 there were 39 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants in Guatemala, 69 in El Salvador, and 92 in Honduras.
- Cali, Casa Editorial El País. "Centroamérica, un triángulo de miedo y muerte". elpais.com.co (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-06-25.
- "Tratado de Libre Comercio entre la República de Colombia y las Repúblicas de el Salvador, Guatemala y Honduras". www.tlc.gov.co (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-06-25.
- República, Presidencia de la. "Colombia y el Triángulo del Norte - Comercio, Inversión y seguridad". Presidencia de la República (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-06-25.
- "Transnational Organized Crime in Central America and the Caribbean: A Threat Assessment" (PDF). United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.
- "Centroamérica se desangra por aumento de la violencia". Prensa Libre. Retrieved 2018-06-25.