Noua Dreaptă

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Noua Dreaptă
(The New Right)
LeaderTudor Ionescu
Founded2000 (2000)
HeadquartersBucharest, Romania
IdeologyClerical fascism
Christian fundamentalism
Christian right
Romanian nationalism
Romanian irrendentism
Legionarism[1]
Third Position
Anti-Hungarianism
Anti-communism
Anti-capitalism
Hard Euroscepticism
Anti-ziganism
Political positionFar-right[2][3]
ReligionRomanian Orthodox Church
National affiliationNational Identity Bloc in Europe
European affiliationAlliance for Peace and Freedom
International affiliationNone
ColorsGreen, black, white
Mayors
0 / 3,186
[4]
County Councilors
0 / 1,434
[4]
Local County Councilors
4 / 40,067
[4]
Party flag
ND party political flag.png
Website
www.nouadreapta.org
A political sticker displaying the Celtic cross and the words "identitate naţională, revoluţie spirituală" (national identity, spiritual revolution).

Noua Dreaptă (English: The New Right) is an ultranationalist, far-right organization in Romania and Moldova, founded in 2000.

Beliefs[edit]

The group's beliefs include militant ultranationalism and strong Orthodox Christian religious convictions. Noua Dreaptă's website indicates opposition to sexual minorities, Roma (Gypsies), abortion, communism, globalization, the European Union, NATO, religious groups other than the Eastern Orthodox Church, race-mixing, territorial autonomy for Romania's ethnic Hungarian minority, and immoderate cultural import (including some American culture, manele music, and the celebration of Valentine's Day). They are against both Marxism and capitalism, following the third positionist ideology.

The members of Noua Dreaptă revere the leader of the Iron Guard in the 1930s, Corneliu Zelea Codreanu. Noua Dreaptă members refer to him as "Căpitanul" ("The Captain"), which is what Codreanu's supporters called him during his lifetime.

Goals and actions[edit]

The stated ultimate political aim of Noua Dreaptă is to restore Greater Romania, which represented Romania at its greatest geographic expanse before World War II. The group also states it is strongly opposed to the principles of representative democracy, which it sees as an "inadequate" form of government. Some individual members are monarchists.

Noua Dreaptă is registered as a political party since 2015. The number of members is undocumented, but it is estimated from 1000 to 2000.

Among other actions, the organization attempts to attract supporters through publicity campaigns aimed against foreign influence without any connections with the Romanian traditional heritage (and therefore negative) cultural influences - such as Valentine's Day.

Affiliations[edit]

Noua Dreaptă was part of the European National Front, an umbrella group of far-right nationalist organizations, many of which can be characterized as Fascist. The Noua Dreaptă web site includes a column of "links of interest" to numerous extreme nationalist organizations throughout Europe, including the following:

Noua Dreaptă is also reported[citation needed] to have ties to the following political groups:

As of 30 May 2018, Noua Dreaptă is a member of the Alliance for Peace and Freedom. The AFP is a far-right and ultranationalist European political party that also includes Forza Nuova, National Democratic Party of Germany, Kotleba – People's Party Our Slovakia and National Democracy among others.[7]

Extremist reputation[edit]

Stamp bearing the symbol of the Iron Guard over a green cross that stood for one of its humanitarian ventures.

Noua Dreaptă uses imagery associated with legionarism, the ideology of the nationalist and anti-Semitic interwar Iron Guard, which roughly paralleled the Fascist and Nazi movements in Italy and Germany, respectively. The group's symbol, for example — the Celtic cross (usually drawn on a green background) — is reminiscent of the insignia of the Iron Guard.

Noua Dreaptă has aligned itself with organizations elsewhere in Europe with strongly anti-Semitic views,[8] although it has not focused its efforts against Romania's currently small Jewish community. Rather, the group has concentrated its rhetoric and efforts against the ethnic Hungarians, Roma (Gypsies), sexual minorities[9] and minority religious faiths.[10]

Its anti-democratic and anti-constitutional views and statements made them a permanent target of surveillance by the Directorate for the Defense of the Constitution, a department of the domestic intelligence service.[citation needed]

Political rallies[edit]

In May 2006, dozens of Noua Dreaptă members were detained by police after protesting the GayFest pride parade in Bucharest.[11] Police also used tear gas to disperse counterprotesters led by individuals identified as Noua Dreaptă members.[citation needed]

On 15 March 2008, on the National Day of Hungary, Noua Dreaptă organized an anti-Hungarian rally in Cluj-Napoca — an action which, after group members attacked and beat an ethnic Hungarian celebrator, led UDMR leader Marko Bela to criticize Cluj's mayor Emil Boc for approving it. In addition, two ethnic Hungarian members of the Romanian Parliament demanded the banning of Noua Dreaptă on the grounds that it continues Iron Guard's spirit.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ US Department of State, "2008 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Romania", February 25, 2009
  2. ^ Uwe Backes, Patrick Moreau (2012). "Against all expectations". The Extreme Right in Europe: Current Trends and Perspectives. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
  3. ^ "Gay pride à Bucarest sur fond de mouvement anti-mariages homosexuels" (in French). Le Point. 25 June 2016. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  4. ^ a b c http://www.2016bec.ro/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/SIAL2016_Situatia_mandatelor_partide-2.xlsx
  5. ^ "Danskernes Parti besøgte Rumænien", in Corneliu Codreanus monument 3 December 2013 (in Romanian)
  6. ^ ЕСМ и румынские неонацисты объединились для борьбы против государства Украина, Lenta: Transdniestrian News Agency, 09/05/2009, accessed 15.05.2009
  7. ^ https://apfeurope.com/2018/05/milan-congress-and-meeting/
  8. ^ Stephen Roth Institute: Antisemitism And Racism
  9. ^ NOUA DREAPTA :: Pentru Dumnezeu, Neam si Tara ! (in English)
  10. ^ 2003 International Religious Freedom Report (Romania) — from U.S. State Department web site
  11. ^ World Crises | Reuters.com Archived 2008-03-11 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ "Noua Dreaptă, subiect de dispută între Boc şi UDMR", in Evenimentul Zilei 17 March 2008 (in Romanian)

External links[edit]